Within the Civil Rights Movement, a great impact on education and schooling systems took place, thanks to the Little Rock Nine. The Little Rock Nine were a number of students who were brave enough and were prepared enough to integrate the Little Rock school system and Central High School. Their names were, Melba Pattillo Beals, Ernest Green, Minnijean Brown, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Elizabeth Eckford, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Thelma Mothershed, Jefferson Thomas, and Terrance Roberts. The National Guard was sent to the school for the possibility of violence.
Weeks later finally on September 25, entered Central High School. Federal troops remained throughout the school year. The following school year the Governor of Arkansas ordered all high schools closed in the city from 1958 to 1959 and when the schools reopened in 1959 black students enrolled in Central High School and another school that previously had a white students only policy. Even though were a lot of organizations that went into helping Blacks get the human credits that they so rightfully deserved, there were also a lot of movements who had a major affected on Civil Rights. For example, The Freedom Riders.
The purpose f the Freedom Riders was to draw attention to the continued attempts by white Southerners to enforce segregation. The Freedom Riders were suppose to help African Americans by ending segregation on bus and railroad terminals. The people who began this movement were Jim Peck and Walter Bergman. This movement is not still needed because blacks can now do everything the Freedom Riders fought for them to do. This movement began on December 1st, 1995 and ended December 20th, 1956. This movement definitely served its purpose because the whole point of it was for segregation to end and it indeed did.
Another great movement that has had an influence on African American society is the Montgomery Bus Boycott. The purpose of the Bus Boycott was to abandon segregation on Montgomery bus lines. This was suppose to help the Blacks by them not having to ride in a required spot on the buses anymore. This movement began on May 14th, 1961. Rosa Parks sparked the one-year boycott of the buses. The Montgomery Bus Boycott Movement did serve its purpose because the major reason for this movement was equality and desegregated buses, and those changes was made. These Boycotts are not still needed today ecause the movement has fulfilled its purpose.
The Greensboro Sit-Ins is a movement for justice in way to Black Americans. The purpose of the Greensboro Sit-ins was to confront the inequities that had smothered their opportunities and stifled their dreams for way too long. They were suppose to help blacks blacks by taking a stand so people could recognize the unfair treatment. So, they sat in places and refused to moved until they were served. Ezell Blair Jr. , David Richmond, Joseph McNeil, and Franklin McCain, all freshman at North Carolina Agricultural were the ones responsible for beginning this movement. This movement began on February 1st, 1960.
The Greensboro Sit-Ins did serve its purpose because the point of the movement was for blacks to sit wherever they pleased and not in a designated area, and now they can. As for the very last movement, the Selma to Montgomery Marches. The purpose of these marches was for thousands of Americans, both black and white; join together using nonviolent and direct-approach methods. These marches were suppose to help African Americans by the ending of segregation and discrimination for American life. Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. started this movement on March 25th, 1965. I believe there is till a need for this specific movement.
Reason being that there is still a need to assemble in peace; especially with the way modern day life is with all the police brutality. With all the movements and organizations that went into the Civil Rights Movement, there were also a few laws enforced as well. One of them being the Civil Rights Act of 1964. The purpose of this law was to end segregation in public places and ban employment discrimination. This law affects the African American population in a positive manner; whereas they may be able to apply for job without their race being a major factor involved.
This law has effectively served its purpose because it outlawed discrimination in the workplace. President Lyndon Johnson was responsible for signing this law into effect. This law is extremely important because it’s a written document stating the The African American race is allowed to have their employment right. In addition to the Civil Right Act of 1964, came the Voting Rights Act of 1965. The purpose of this law was to ensure the right of all American citizens to vote. This law affected the blacks in a positive way because it gave them the luxury of having an opinion.
This law was important because it’s a written ocumentation stating that blacks have the right to vote. The final law was the Civil Rights Act of 1968. This law’s purpose was to prohibit discrimination concerning the sale, rental, and financing house based on religion or race. This law positively affected blacks rights by giving them an impact when it comes to finance and economics. This law is important because it gave blacks their own power to be in control of their finances. This law did serve its purpose because discrimination is prohibited when it comes to finance. The final aspect of the Civil Rights Movement is court cases.
The first case was the Brown v. Board of Education Case. The case involved Clarendon County, South Carolina, Prince Edward County, Virginia, Wilmington, Delaware, Washington D. C. and Topeka, Kansas. The plaintiff of the case was Reverend Oliver L. Brown and the defendant was John H. Ferguson. Oliver L. Brown won the case. This affected the blacks by the Supreme Court unanimously ruled segregation unconstitutional in public schools. George E. C. Hayes, Thurgood Marshall, and James N. Nabrit were the lawyers representing the school integration cause. This case was important to blacks because it ended segregation in public schools.
The second case was the Plessy v. Ferguson Case. The plaintiff was Homer Plessy and the defendant was John H. Ferguson. The effect that this case had on blacks was that whites and blacks could be legally separated as long as the facilities for each were equal. The winner of this case was Homer Plessy. This law was important to blacks because it ended segregation. The case, Dred Scott v. Sanford. The plaintiff was Dred Scott and the defendant was Sanford. The winner of the case was Dred Scott. This case affected blacks by ruling that no person of an African descent, slave, or free had any rights that a white an was bound to respect.
This case was important to blacks because they knew that white people didn’t have to respect their rights. And in closing, after many decades of blood, sweat, and tears, fighting for equal key and human rights for African Americans, it saddens me to know that a few of these issues that these organizations and movements have fought for are still alive and well today in America. I believe that it is times for new organizations such as these to come together soon before history ends up repeating itself. We have come to far from where we’ve started from to give up on our country!