(1200 1485) – People didn’t have time for sport. (1485-1714) – games and activities came about. (1714-1790) – sport was ignored by the government. 1790-1830 – horse racing, cricket and fighting came about. 1820-1830 – a version of rugby was created at Thomas Arnolds Rugby school. 1845 – First set of rugby rules were made. Clubs formed at universities in the US. 1851 – A rugby ball is made and is shown and the world’s fair in London. 1871 – First international rugby match played between England and Scotland. First Home Nations tournament played between England, Ireland, Scotland, and Wales. 886 – Russia bans rugby for being brutal. Scotland, Ireland, and Wales form the International Rugby Board.
1890 – England joins the International Rugby Board. 1830-1901 – sport developed character. People played for fun. Saturday afternoons were taken up with sport for leisure. Sport was slowly coming into sport. 1900 – France wins rugby gold medal in summer Olympics in Paris. 1905-: New Zealand gets named the All Blacks. 1901-1918 – public schools were involved in sport. Football and rugby play increased. There were many spectators. 1940-today – T. V coverage came about.
Sports council was made in 1965. 918-1940 – sports were still class orientated. Football was the most popular sport. P. E started in schools. 2000 – Italy added to Five Nations tournament, now renamed Six Nations 2003 – Australia hosts the fifth Rugby World Cup, which England wins 2009: Olympic Committee votes to return rugby (as sevens) to summer Olympics in 2016 in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil Thomas Arnold was a headmaster at rugby school in Warwickshire from 1828 to 1841. He raised rugby and he reformed it by making it a school for gentlemen. Muscular Christianity is a Christian commitment to general health and manliness.
It can be found in the Old Testament. Industrialisation has changed rugby because as industries were built this meant that more jobs had come about for the working class, so there was less chance of rugby being played for them as they would have had to be working so they could earn money. In the Victorian times rugby was a very aggressive sport with hardly any rules. The influence of industry is that the game changed because the sport was so aggressive that in some cases some people were being seriously injured or even died, this meant that the industries that they worked in were being affected as people couldn’t work.
Rational recreation and the codification and civilising of sport. All sports in the UK have developed a lot, society became more civilised, people became better mannered and less violence occurred. This meant that as middle class people began working in rational recreation, for example factories, there wasn’t much time for rugby. Codification was included in all sports to make them less aggressive. The influence of industry and better transport and communication aiding and spreading sports development. This developed rugby because as there was better transport this meant that teams could play each other and were able to go to away matches.
As phones were developed this meant that people were able to communicate better and were able to plan rugby matches and training easily. The British Olympic Association is the National Olympic Committee for Great Britain and Northern Ireland. It was created in 1905 in the House of Commons. It now includes thirty five national governing bodies of each Olympic sport. The BOA and World Rugby are responsible for getting rugby back into the Olympics after being excluded in 1924. Sport England is committed to helping people and communities across the country create sporting habits for life.
This means investing in organisations and projects that will get more people playing sport and creating opportunities for people to excel at their chosen sport. Sport England is focused on helping people and communities across the country create a sporting habit for life. We will invest over ? 1 billion of National Lottery and Exchequer funding between 2012 and 2017 in organisations and projects that will help more people have a sporting habit for life, create more opportunities for young people to play sport, nurture and develop talent and provide the right facilities in the right places.
Sport Scotland is the national intervention for sport in Scotland. There main focus is to develop sport and build a world class sporting system for the Scottish community. They are funded by the National Lottery Fund distributor. Sports Council for Wales is the national organisation in Wales. They want to develop and promote physical activity in wales. They aim to improve the level of sports participation at grassroots level but also provide ambitious athletes with the support required to compete successfully on the world stage.
The Sports Council for Northern Ireland is the public body for the development of sport in Northern Ireland. Sport Northern Ireland develops and creates programmes and partnerships that is directed to these three areas; Increased participation in sport and physical recreation; Improved sporting performances; and Improved efficiency and effectiveness in the administration of sport. UK Sport provides funding for Great Britain’s Olympic and Paralympic athletes to make sure they for fill their potential. It was founded in 1997 and has since gone from 36th to 3rd in the medal table.
As rugby has never been in the Olympics I’m sure this year UK sport will be investing and supporting in the team that is playing at the Rio 2016 Olympics this year. The Department for Culture, Media and Sport (DCMS) is here to help make Britain the world’s most creative and exciting place to live, visit and do business. We protect and promote our cultural and artistic heritage and help businesses and communities to grow by investing in innovation and highlighting Britain as a fantastic place to visit. Alongside this, we protect our deeply held beliefs in freedom and equality.
We help to give the UK a unique advantage in the global race for economic success. DCMS is a ministerial department, supported by 40 agencies and public bodies. Sports Coach UK was founded over thirty years ago and is used for the public and the education of people who are involved in all aspects of sports. Sports Coach UK funds rugby’s coaches and clubs all over the country. British Sports Trust, also known as Sports Leader UK gives young people the opportunity to get skills that improve serval factors, these include; motivation, self-esteem, communication, team work and confidence.
English Institute of Sport helps to give elite athletes the best chance of becoming successful. It is a charity that was founded in 2002. Youth Sports Trust was founded in 1995 and their aim to provide the best quality of physical education in schools. They want to change people’s lives through sport for the better. Central Council for Physical Recreation is the organisation for the governing and rbodies of sport and recreation in the UK. They represent 320 organisations like The FA, the Rugby Football Union, UK Athletics, the Ramblers, British Rowing and the Exercise, Movement and Dance Partnership.