Brave New World Chapter 9-10 1. Rhetorical device (can use diction, sentence structure, grammar, etc) and/or Logical Fallacies: Identify 5 Rhetorical devices or Logical Fallacies in each chapter and discuss what effect it has on the tone, message, etc – in other words, what is its significance? Quote with page number Rhetorical Device/ Fallacy Effect ** This is the MOST IMPORTANT part, so make this really insightful** “Zip, and then zip; zip, and then zip; he was enchanted.” pg. 143 Epanalepsis This use of epanalepsis emphasizes John’s infatuation with Lenina as he explores her clothes and cosmetics and ecstatically bathes himself in Lenina’s perfume.
When John notices Lenina lying fast asleep, tears rush to his eyes as he is mesmerized by her beauty. It is clear that John is in love with Lenina. “The bird was too dangerous.” pg. 144 Metaphor John compares Lenina to a bird who is too dangerous to touch. He feels he is unworthy of making contact with someone as beautiful as her. Huxley’s use of a metaphor emphasizes John’s love and passion for Lenina as in the previous example. John’s modesty is evident when he refrains from unzipping Lenina’s clothes and feels ashamed for his impure thoughts.
Under the microscopes, their long tails furiously lashing, spermatozoa were burrowing head first into eggs; and, fertilized, the eggs were expanding, dividing, or if bokanovskified, budding and breaking up into whole populations of separate embryos. pg. 146 Scientific Jargon This use of scientific jargon is evident as the hatchery is proceeding in embryo development and conditioning. The “spermatozoa”, which are mature motile male sex cells, were joining the eggs to form a zygote. The eggs were then dividing to break into various populations of separate embryos.
Scientific jargon was not utilized in the previous chapters as the Reservation had no scientific technology, creating major juxtaposition between the Reservation and the World State. “Yes, a baby- and I was its mother.” Pg. 151 Irony The director has high beliefs in conformity of all social practice, state regulation, scientific development, and social programming; however, the Director becomes a prime example of non-conformity when the others find out that he is the father of a child. He has a committed a sexual act that goes against the values of the World State. It is also ironic that the Director and Linda meet again in the Fertilizing Room, the same room where they met for the first time. Instead of normal fertilization utilizing scientific technology, the Director, himself, fertilized Linda.
“She flung the obscenity like a challenge into the outraged silence, ashamed, ashamed, covered her face with her hands, sobbing”. pg. 151 Simile Utilizing a simile, Huxley describes how Linda’s words have shocked the audience. She has just revealed that the Director is a father, an act that goes against the values of the World State. Astonishment and outrage filled the souls of every citizen witnessing the moment. The reputation of the Director will forever be dismissed. 2. A. Claim: Write a claim/thesis.
Options for claims: 1. Argumentative Claim- state what you think Huxley is attempting to prove or disprove in the chapter (example: Huxley’s point that the government controls society by brainwashing the masses into a complacent acceptance of our social classes is not only valid but still relevant today.); or 2. Analysis Claim – write an analysis claim identify the who (author), what (rhetorical devices), why (point) of Huxley’s chapter(s) – hint, hint: rhetorical devices, tone, purpose. (example: Through the use of scientific jargon and futuristic imagery, Huxley’s didactic tone reveals the government’s systematic control over its citizens.)
B. List three quotes that would support your thesis and elaborate/ argue your point (Yes, this is a body paragraph to an essay) **Hint, hint, this is the MOST IMPORTANT part, so make it demonstrate your analysis/argument skills ** a. Claim/ Thesis: Huxley reveals the conflict between John’s values and social values of the World State. b. Support: 1. When John notices Lenina fast asleep, he admires her beauty as tears come to his eye. Quoting Shakespeare, it is evident that John is infatuated with Lenina’s beauty as he is mesmerized by “her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, [and] her voice” (pg. 144).
By utilizing repetition, Huxley emphasizes John’s passion for Lenina. He can recognize beauty when he sees it and can express himself unlike those of the World State who are conditioned to hate beautiful things and are unable to express their emotions. 2. John slowly reached out his hand with a “hesitating gesture of one reaches forward to stroke a shy and possibly rather dangerous bird” (pg. 144). Utilizing a metaphor, Huxley compares John’s attempt to coming in contact with Lenina with one who is frightened to touch a possibly dangerous bird. His hand trembled as he contemplated touching Lenina. John, however, concluded that he was unworthy of touching someone as beautiful as Lenina and began to imagine himself undressing Lenina. This impure thought subsequently brought shame upon John who carries true modesty and intimacy. By suppressing his temptation to touch Lenina, he defies the beief that men are sexually aggressive. Any man from the World State would not lose the opportunity to feel Lenina while on her soma-holiday.
3. When John sees the Director, he ecstatically yells “my father” and Huxley repeats that phrase multiple times (pg. 151- 152). Through the use of anaphora, Huxley emphasizes John’s excitement seeing his father and his confusion as he is unable to comprehend why the citizens of the World State do not understand his connotation of father. The children laugh hysterically as they only address Ford as father and believe it is absurd to call someone else other than Ford, father. They are delirious to the concept of parents and having kids naturally without the use of test tubes and technology. These examples contrast John’s values with the values the World State.
3. Personal Connections: Have you seen similarities between Brave New World and other literature, advertising, other media, people? How does this chapter connect with what is currently happening in our society? (Practice developing your own voice by playing with sentence variety and length, utilizing humor when appropriate, and using precise diction and strong verbs.) Brave New World is similar to Romeo and Juliet as the love that John has for Lenina mirrors the love that Romeo and Juliet share. John identifies Lenina in the role of Juliet as beautiful masterpiece.
Lenina and John come from two different worlds as Romeo and Juliet come from two different families with completely different values. This chapter connects with what is happening in society as many people fall in love with each other as John does with Lenina. People can fall in love at first sight after noticing their beautiful features, despite not knowing their personalities. Also, it is evident in today’s society that men can be unaware of the children they have. After having sex with a woman, they could have left them oblivious to the possibility that they impregnated them. Have fun with this – include songs, artwork, articles, poetry, etc. that you can associate with per chapter.
This can be glued onto the page. 4. Shakespeare Allusions: 1. Annotate what each quote means. 2. Research and Explain what connection the quote has to Brave New World versus the Shakespearean play it comes from. 3. What point is Huxley attempting to make by using so many Shakespearean quotes? Chapter 9 By utilizing so many Shakespearean quotes, Huxley foreshadows what is going to happen to Bernard, Lenina, Linda, and John as Shakespeare’s plays usually result in tragedies. Also, Shakespeare’s plays are very emotional and it contradicts the society of the World State as they prevent citizens from expressing their true emotions. In addition, Huxley is attempting to make a scientific prophecy. Her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, her voice, Handlest in thy discourse, O, that her hand, In whose comparison all whites are ink, Writing their own reproach, to whose soft seizure The cygnet’s down is harsh…
Troilus and Cressida (I, i) Troilus is mesmerized by Cressida and her beautiful features as he expresses his love for her. He obsesses over her eyes, her hair, her cheek, her gait, and her voice. John uses these words to describe Lenina and his love for her. On the white wonder of dear Juliet’s hand may seize And steal immortal blessing from her lips, Who even in pure and vestal modesty, Still blush, as thinking their own kisses sin. Romeo and Juliet (III, iii) Romeo speaks these words after he hears of his banishment from Verona. He laments over his banishment as he would have to leave his lovely Juliet. He then describes her modest and virginal qualities and that her lips blush whenever they come into contact with each other because they think they are kissing. John is reminded of these lines when he sees flies buzzing around him and imagines himself undressing Lenina.
If I profane with my unworthiest hand This holy schrine, the gentler sin is this: My lips, two pilgrims, ready stand To smooth that rough touch with a tender kiss. Romeo and Juliet (I, v) Romeo speaks these words when he first meets Juliet. John contemplates whether he should kiss Lenina’s hand; however, he comes to the conclusion that he is unworthy to do such a thing and that it would disrespect her virginal holiness. However, it is known that Lenina is in fact not a virgin 5. Vocabulary: Huxley utilizes a rich vocabulary in Brave New World, an extensive vocabulary that you should attempt to imbed in your own language. You will be quizzes on these words after you read the chapters. Directions: a. Identify the part of speech, b. Write down a definition that you understand, c. Write down synonyms for the vocabulary word, d. Use the word in a sentence.
Example: 1. abjectly (adv): in a hopeless resigned manner Synonym: despairingly, despondently, dismally Example: The newly fired vice-president of the software company left the meeting, slouching abjectly as he turned to say his final farewell. Chapters 7 – 10 1. mesa (n.) a land formation, less extensive than a plateau, having steep walls and a relatively flat top and common in arid and semiarid parts of the southwestern U.S. and Mexico. Syn: highland, elevation, tableland Ex. I noticed a mesa with a table-top shape in the desert of Arizona. 2. diadems (n.) a jeweled crown or headband worn as a symbol of sovereignty. Syn: crown, coronet, tiara Ex. The King and the Queen each wear diadems as a way to express their sovereignty.
3. obsidian (n.) a hard, dark, glasslike, volcanic rock formed by the rapid solidification of lava without crystallization Syn: volcanic glass Ex. When I took a tour of a volcano in Hawaii, I noticed a countless number of obsidian. 4. innocuous (adj.) not harmful or offensive Syn: harmless, safe, nontoxic Ex. Each of my pets are innocuous. 5. resonance (n.) the quality of sound being deep, full, and reverberating Syn: vibration, sonority Ex. The resonance in the singer’s voice made the song more powerful. 6. parody (n.) an imitation of the style of a particular writer, artist, or genre with deliberate exaggeration for comic effect. Syn: satire, burlesque, lampoon Scary Movie 3 is a parody of The Ring.
7. cordiality (n.) sincere affection and kindness Syn: amity, benevolence, goodwill Ex. The cordiality of Bob allows him to form relationships easily. 8. constrains (v.) to force by imposed stricture, restriction, or limitation Syn: restrict, limit, curb Ex. The sign constrains those from trespassing. 9. agaves (n.) a succulent plant with rosettes of narrow spiny leaves and tall flower spikes, native to the southern US and tropical America. Syn: Agave Americana, xerophyte, maguey Ex. My brother cut himself up after falling into the agaves. 10. vestal (adj.) of relating to the Roman goddess Vesta Syn. Chaste, virtuous, pure Ex. The woman was a vestal virgin. 11. recapitulated (v.) summarize and state again the main points of Syn: summarize, sum up Ex. He recapitulated his argument about getting a dog. 12. heinous (adj.)( of a person or wrongful act, especially a crime) utterly odious or wicked Syn: odious, wicked, evil, atrocious Ex. The man committed many heinous crimes that ultimately led to his death sentence.
13. portentously (adj.) of or like a portent Syn: ominous, warning, threatening Ex. The newspaper discussed guns portentously. 14. heretical (adj.) believing in or practicing religious heresy. Syn: nonconformist, dissentient Ex. The man held many heretical beliefs. 15. ignominy (n.) public shame or disgrace Syn: shame, humiliation, embarrassment Ex. There is much ignominy to losing a soccer game to your rivals. 16. scatological (n.) words of humor referring to excrement such as urine or feces Syn: excremental, lewd, coarse Ex. The man discussed human excrement in a scatological manner.