Even though the United States is the leader in human right we still lack in several areas, one being women’s right to choice. From the time our founding fathers (Dietz, Handsaw, 1986) landed in this country to the present day our citizens have debated, fought and voted for this subject in a tug of war fashion changing their stance very so many years. Prior to 1821 all states where allowing abortions, and then in 1821 the state of Connecticut was the first U.
S. State to pass an antiabortion law. Their method for determining at what would be the latest date a woman could have an abortion preformed was determined by law makers that once the pregnancy had reached the “quickening” a woman had to carry the child full term. The “Quickening was considered when the mother felt the first movement of the child in the womb. The problem that arose with this definition was that it is different in each woman, so there was no set date. By 1860 20 states had passed laws regarding abortions and the limitations of the abortion process.
It was until 1965 we go back to Connecticut or another first, this time the Connecticut Supreme Court strikes down their state law that prohibits married couples from receiving information on Contraception to include instructions and/or medical advice on the subject (Griswold v. Connecticut Supreme Court). As we moved through the sass’s Colorado (1967) becomes the first state to liberalize heir abortion laws and Alaska, Hawaii, New York and Washington followed suite in 1970.
Now we are moving into the sass’s and until 1972 it is still illegal for single unmarried people to use of contraceptives, this was taken all the to the Supreme rout after Dry. Bird gave a young lady at a university a canister of contraceptive foam and a pack of condoms. Less than a year later Roe v. Wade (Roe v. Wade 1973) discussion was handed down legalizing abortions. As late as 1991 the fight continues with rust v. Sullivan which uphold the 1988 “gag rule “stating that doctors and counselor where prohibited from providing woman with referrals and information on abortions.
Now we move into the 21st century and we are still fight this battle from 1821, you could say this is more than likely the longest battle fought by women of America, in 2003 President Bush signed into law a federal ban on Abortion but this was overturned in a lawsuit filed by NAP (National Abortion Foundation) in 2004. I have not give my opinion on this subject because it is a very sensitive subject, I believe in the alternative to this practice because without that alternative and the courage of a couple of young women that went through their pregnancies I would never have been blessed with my five children through adoption.
But I do believe that a woman should have the right to make that choice and that decision is between ere and the supreme powers she believes in. A Limekiln AT Reproductive Relents (Pronounce, 2 1821 : Connecticut passes the first law in the United States barring abortions after “quickening. ” 1860: Twenty states have laws limiting abortion. 1965: Griswold v. Connecticut Supreme Court decision strikes down a state law that prohibited giving married people information, instruction, or medical advice on contraception. 967: Colorado is the first state to liberalize its abortion laws. 1970: Alaska, Hawaii, New York, and Washington liberalize abortion laws, making abortion available at the request of a woman and her doctor. 1972: Assassinated v. Bird Supreme Court decision establishes the right of unmarried people to use contraceptives. 1973: Roe v. Wade Supreme Court decision strikes down state laws that made abortion illegal. 1976: Congress adopts the first Hyde Amendment barring the use of federal Medicaid funds to provide abortions to low-income women. 977: A revised Hyde Amendment is passed allowing states to deny Medicaid funding except in cases of rape, incest, or “severe and long-lasting” damage to the woman’s physical health. 991: Rust v. Sullivan upholds the constitutionality of the 1988 “gag rule” which prohibits doctors and counselors at clinics which receive federal funding from providing their patients with information about and referrals for abortion. 1992: Planned Parenthood of Southeastern Pennsylvania v.
Casey reaffirms the “core” holdings of Roe that women have a right to abortion before fetal viability, but allows states to restrict abortion access so long as these restrictions do not impose an “undue burden” on women seeking abortions. 1994: Freedom of Access to Clinic Entrances (FACE) Act is passed by Congress with a large majority in response to the murder of Dry. David Gun. The FACE Act forbids the use of “force, threat of force or physical obstruction” to prevent someone from providing or receiving reproductive health services.
The law also provides for both criminal and civil penalties for those who break the law. 2000: Sternberg v. Chart (Chart l) rules that the Nebraska statute banning so-called “partial-birth abortion” is unconstitutional for two independent reasons: the statute lacks the necessary exception for preserving the lath of the woman, and the definition of the targeted procedures is so broad as to prohibit abortions in the second trimester, thereby being an “undue burden” on women.
This effectively invalidates 29 of 31 similar statewide bans. 2000: Food and Drug Administration approves omnipresent (RI-J-486) as an option in abortion care for very early pregnancy. 2003: A federal ban on abortion procedures is passed by Congress and signed into law by President Bush. The National Abortion Federation immediately challenges the law in court and is successful in blocking enforcement of the law for its members. 004: NAP wins lawsuit against federal abortion ban.
Justice Department appeals rulings by three trial courts against ban.