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Human Mosaic Terms

Functional Culture Region
a cultural area that functions as a unit politically, socially, or economically ex. Denver
a central point in a functional culture region where functions are coordinated and directed ex. city hall or government building
formal and functional regions have a core where defining traits are headquartered and a periphery where traits are weaker ex. Boulder and liberal areas surround it
Formal Culture regions
a cultural region inhabited by people who have one or more cultural traits in common ex. the Rocky Mountains
vernacular culture region
A region perceived to exist by its inhabitants or outsiders. Has “fuzzy” spatial boundaries. ex. “the valley”, “the outback”
cultural diffusion
spread of elements of culture throughout an area
Independent invention
lots of similar ideas are created by a couple of groups ex. frozen yogurt
Relocation diffusion
spread of something in a culture to a new place ex. members of the church coming to Salt Lake
Expansion diffusion
The spread of a feature or trend among people from one area to another in a snowballing process. ex. missionary work
Hierarchial diffusion
the spread of a feature or trend from one key person or node of authority or power to other persons or places ex. sushi spreading from L.A. to other places
Contagious Diffusion
The rapid, widespread diffusion of a feature or trend throughout a population. ex. facebook; like a disease
Stimulus diffusion
The spread of an underlying principle, even though a specific characteristic is rejected ex. Siberians domesticated animals they could use
time-distance decay
ripple effect; diffusion decreases with distance and time. *not as relevant today because of the internet
Absorbing barrier
completely halts diffusion of innovations ex. Taliban banning tv’s
permeable barrier
a barrier that permits some aspects of an innovation to diffuse through it but weakens and retards continued spread; an innovation can be modified in passing through a permeable barrier
Neighborhood effect
microscope diffusion; small clusters ex. instagram communities
large scale movement of people between regions ex. grandma
immigrants develop and cultivate ties to more than one country
world is connected within a free market, cultural diffusion is rapid, independent states are weakened and cultural homogenization is encouraged
*you’d think it’d cause people to be alike but it brings out differences and can cause differences. Poor and rich
Cultural ecology
studies human-environment interactions
territorially bounded system consisting of interactions between organic and inorganic components
Cultural adaptation
people adapting to the challenges of the environment
Adaptive strategy
the unique way in which each culture uses its particular physical environment; those aspects of culture that serve to provide the necessities of life- food, clothing, shelter, and defense.
Environmental Determinism
cultural traits are formed and controlled by environmental conditions; humans are clay molded by nature
humans are the primary active force, environment offers many different ways for a culture to develop; those choices are guided by cultural heritage
Environmental Perception
culture depends more on how perceive the environment than what the actual environment is like
organic view of nature
humans are a part of nature, habitat possesses soul
mechanistic view of nature
humans are separate from nature and hold dominion over it
cultural interaction
the relationship of various elements within a culture
scientific approach to cultural geography; overgeneralizes findings in models
humanistic approach to cultural geography; seeks to understand unique character of each place; “art” approach
Love of place; used to describe people who exhibit a strong sense of place.
cultural landscape
the visible imprint of human activity and culture on the land ex. wine country in Italy
Settlement form
The spatial arrangements of buildings, roads, towns and other features that people construct while inhabiting an area.
A settlement form characterized by density.
immigrants develop and cultivate ties to more than one country ex. Swiss citizenship!
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