Black History

Name_________________________________ Class______________________________________ African – American Scientist and Mathematicians Below is a list of popular inventors, scientist and mathematicians who have made significant contributions to society and the world. You are to research each of them and state their contribution(s), the year in which it was made and their field of study. Due Date: February 25, 2010 during regular class time.

Scientist/Mathematician| Contribution/Invention| Year| Field of Study| George Alcorn| Invented an imaging x-ray spectrometer using thermomigration of aluminum, for which he earned a patent in 1984, and two years later he devised an improved method of fabrication using laser drilling. | 1978| Physic| Nathaniel Alexander| served in the Revolutionary War as a surgeonInvented the folding chair. He designed his chair to be used in schools, churches, and other auditoriums. | 1911| medical| Virgie Ammons| invented a fireplace dampener| 1974| | Benjamin Banneker| Invented a wooden clock.

Assisted in survey of the original boundaries of the District of Columbia Authored almanac and ephemeris. 1792| 1753| astronomy| Janet Emerson Bashen| Invented the software LinkLine, which is a web-based application for EEO claims intake and tracking, claims management, document management and numerous reports. | 2006| legal studies and government| Patricia Bath| First African American female physician to receive a patent for a medical invention “Apparatus for ablating and removing cataract lenses”, a version of a device designed to help remove cataracts with a fiberoptic laser.

She was the first female ophthalmologist at UCLA’s prestigious Jules Stein Eye Institute and the first female African American surgeon at the UCLA Medical Center| 1988| Medicine| Andrew Jackson Beard| Invented a plowImprove the coupler design| 18811897| | Miriam E. Benjamin| Invented Gong and Signal Chair for hotels Second black woman to receive a patent| 1888| | Edmond Berger| Invented early spark plug| 1839| | Henry Blair| | | | Bessie Blount| Invented a electrical device allowed a tube to deliver one outhful of food at a time to a patient in a wheelchair or in a bed whenever he or she bit down on the tube. | 1948| Physical Therapist | Sarah Boone| Improvement to the ironing board| 1892| | Otis Boykin| invented an improved electrical resistor| 1959| Technology| Charles Brooks| invented a street sweeper truckCharles Brooks also patented an early paper punch, also called a ticket punch. | 1896| | Phil Brooks| Invented a Disposable Syringe| 1974| | Henry Brown| Invented a receptacle for storing and preserving papers.

It was a fire and accident safe container made of forged metal, which could be sealed with a lock and key and what is now know as a strongbox. | 1886| | Marie Brown| Invented video home security system| 1969| | Robert Bryant| Robert Bryant headed the team that invented Soluble Imide (LaRC-SI) the self-bonding thermoplastic that received an R;D 100 award for being one of the most significant new technical products of 1994. Robert Bryant was part of the team at NASA’s Langley Research Center that created Macro-Fiber Composite (MFC) the flexible and durable material that uses ceramic fibers. 2006| Physic and mathematics| John Albert Burr| Improved rotary blade lawn mower. | 1899| EconomicsMathematics Chemistry | George Washington Carver| One of the world’s most important scientists. Invented about 300 products made from peanuts. Invented a method of making paints and stains. | 1925| PianoArtBacterial botany and agriculture| George Carruthers| Inventor of the far-ultraviolet camera and the spectrograph. | 1969| aeronautical engineering| Benjamin S. Carson| Benjamin Carson was a pioneer in surgery technology| 1987| Psychologyneurosurgery| Emmett W.

Chappelle| he is known for developing the technique for the detection of bacteria in urine which has led the way for improved diagnoses of the urinary tract infections. The same technique that is used for detecting the bacteria in urine is also used for finding bacteria in blood, spinal fluids, drinking water and even foods that are consumed. | | biochemistry| John Christian| invented and patented new lubricants used in high flying aircraft and NASA space missions. The lubricants worked well under a wider temperature range than previous products, from minus 50 to 600 degrees. 1970| Engineer| Donald Cotton| invented propellants for nuclear reactors| | physical and chemistry| David Crosthwait| Crosthwait was the director of the research department, investigating heating and ventilation methods. He is well known for creating the heating system for New York’s famous Radio City Music Hall and Rockerfeller Center. He invented about 30 things dealing with heat and ventilation. Like stream trap, vacuum heating system, method of heating, regulating radiator valve, and etc. 1920| Engineering| Mark Dean| Dean co-invented improvements in computer architecture that allowed IBM compatible PCs to use the same peripheral devices. he led the design team responsible for creating the first one-gigahertz computer processor chip. He invented a Method for Dynamically Sequencing Operation of a Self-Timed Processing System along and some more stuff. | 1996| electrical engineering| Ronald Demon| He is the inventor of the Smart Shoe – an athletic shoe whose cushion support automatically adjusts to suit the shape of the wearer’s feet. 1988| Computer Science| Joseph Hunter Dickinson| invented several improvements to different musical instruments like Volume-controlling means for mechanical musical instruments| 1909| | Clatonia Joaquin Dorticus| Invented an improved photographic print wash method. | 1895| | Charles Richard Drew| first person to develop the blood bank| | | Thomas Elkins| | | | Phillip Emeagwali| | | | Sarah E. Goode| | | | Meredith C. Gourdine| | | | George Grant| | | | Lloyd Augustus Hall| | | | Joycelyn Harrison| | | | Augustus Jackson| | | |

Thomas L. Jennings| | | | Jack Johnson| | | | Lonnie Johnson| Invention called pneumatic water gun now known as Super Soaker| 1991| Mechanical Engineering| Willis Johnson| | | | Frederick Jones| | | | Marjorie Stewart Joyner| | | | Percy LaVon Juilan| | | | Everett Just| | | | Roscoe Koontz| | | | Lewis Howard Latimer| | | | Joseph Lee| | | | John Lee Love| | | | Jan Ernst Matzeliger| | | | Elijah McCoy| | | | Alexander Miles| | | | Ruth Miro| | | | Garrett Morgan| | | | Lyda Newman| | | | Alice Parker| | | | Traverse Benjamin Pinn| | | |

William Purvis| | | | Lloyd P. Ray| | | | Cordell Reed| | | | Louis Roberts| | | | Norbert Rillieux| | | | Walter Sammons| | | | Henry Sampson| | | | Jerry Shelby| | | | Richard Spikes| | | | John Standard| | | | Thomas Stewart| | | | Rufus Stokes| | | | Lewis Temple| | | | Valerie Thomas| | | | John Henry Thompson| | | | Madame C. J. Walker| | | | James Edward West| | | | John Thomas White| | | | Daniel Hale Williams| | | | Paul E. Williams| | | | Joseph Winters| | | | Granville Woods| | | | Stanley Woodard| | | | Kevin Woolfolk| | | |

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