African American History 12

During the years of 1873-1923 was the worse for African American history. After 1877, blacks’ political rights were taken away through many occasions such as: fraud, intimidation, and murder. In 1890, legislators in Mississippi called a constitutional convention, implementing poll taxes, literacy requirements, and banned voting for people convicted of theft, perjury, arson, bribery, and burglary. Whites thought if they could put a limit to the educational achievements of Negroes, they could also stop their aspirations for Negro advancement.

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By the 1900, black children received a small portion of the state’s funds for education although they accounted for over 50 percent of the school population. Charles Banks influenced Mississippi and became a leader for blacks all over in 1905 to 1920. Being that Banks was born in the time of promise, he lived through the period in which many blacks dreams were dashed away. Daniel and Sallie Banks gave birth to Charles was born on March 25, 1873, in Clarksdale, Mississippi. Banks lived with his Grandmother and brother and sisters: Joeannia, Mary, G. Joseph, and Marriah Holley.

Father Banks was a farmer and Charles’ mother was in control of the house and cooking the food. No one in the family had a good job. They all were poorly paid. When Charles was born the family just now got good with a wealthy white family in Clarksdale, John and Eliza Clark. Discuss the relationship between Charles Banks and the Clark family of Mississippi. The relationship between Charles Banks and the Clarks was an impressionable one. It molded Charles views pertaining to whites and blacks. It showed him through these times that different races are not all bad and we can co-exist.

It is obvious that Banks understood the concept by the way he would explain his relationships with whites on a day to day basis. Charles moved from Clarksdale, but he still kept in touch with the Clarks. The Clarks and Charles had such a great relationship, that when Banks moved away, Eliza Clark kept in contact, which was uncommon back then. When Banks grandmother, Marriah Holley, was sick; it was Eliza who wrote to the Banks in December of 1911 to check on things. Eliza wrote a story in the Clarksdale Daily Register. The story explained the passionate relationship between the Clarks and the Banks in 1912.

By paying for Charles to go to school at Rust University, shows the magnitude of the relationship between the two. It was a deep love for one another. Define the old Negro elite. The old Negro elite were things like your wealth, color of your skin, education and job. As well as your family background, for example you family tree. Also family members who were free during the antebellum period or who fought against slavery and made names for themselves, it usually was allowed into the old black elite. Economic statuses meant nothing to the old guards.

Define the new Negro Elite. The new Negro elite were men and women who usually were not as educated than the old elite and who firmly belived in Washington’s self-help philosophy. Skin tone was not in much of importance, but business achievement, economic security, and income most definitely were. Discuss the relationship between Charles Banks and the Republican Party. The relationship Charles Banks had with the Republican Party is Banks worked under the Republican Party. Also he was on the state executive committee for the Republican Party. 904 was the year Charles started as a delegate to the Republican National convention in the Third District. Banks reported to Scott, explaining how many obstacles it was to stay a delegate and stay well known throughout the p Republican National Convention and sat the same time stay on good terms with the Negros in Mississippi. Taft was the one who picked Banks for the Republican National Convention to second his nomination for the candidacy. Charles was a census enumerator for his district for the Republican Party. Unfortunately Banks lost his pull on the Republican Party as soon as it became predominately white.

In 1916 at the National Republican Convention, banks realized that it would be hard for Negroes to get the things that as a race that we should have. Describe the relationship between Charles Banks and Emmett Scott The relationship Charles Banks and Emmett Scott had to do with them both being members of the NNBL. They both held important jobs in the NNBL. Banks was vice-president and Scott was secretary of the league. Scott helped Banks from being kicked out of office by not allowing the Executive Committee get a hold of the letter Eugene Booze wrote. . Banks trusted

Scott like Banks trusted Washington. That is why Banks asked Scott to give him references for important and outstanding managers and candidates from the North. They both loved to work on hand on projects. Booker T. Washington died and it had an effect on both Emmett Scott and Charles Banks. Scott was Banks shining star. He was always there for Banks helped he stay on his feet and out of harm’s way Describe the relationships between Charles Banks and Booker T. Washington. The relationship Charles Banks had with Booker T. Washington is that they both worked together in Mound Bayou.

Banks entrepreneurship was the main reason Washington liked him. Washington considered Banks the best banker in Mississippi he really recognized his work as the best. They had a very close relationship. When Banks went into depression, Washington paid for 25,000 dollar new line of credit for his friend Banks. Washington helped Banks during a lot of rough times, especially while he worked at the bank. Washington would try to help Banks with absolutely anything, even if Washington had to use other people to help. Washington always encouraged Banks.

He always told banks never to give up; he was a great mentor and motivator for Banks. At the opening ceremony of the Mound Bayou Cotton Oil Mill, Banks picked Washington to be the main speaker. Washington’s death had a big impact on a lot of people lives; especially Charles Banks and Emmett Scott. Give the reasons for the failure of the Cotton Seed Mill of Mound Bayou. Mound Bayou Cotton Oil Mill helped blacks stop working in fields doing hard work to manufacturing the cotton at the mill. One reasons for the failure of the Cotton Seed Mill of Mound Bayou was not paying the bills on time.

On February of 1914 was the day it the financing problems began to rise. This also threatened the mill for possible closing or going out of business. If Banks was determined to deal honorably with Rosenwald, then Harvey was determined to ruin the operation. Harvey suffered harsh losses at his Memphis oil mill, and since the Mound Bayou mill was bringing in enough of money. Later on an audit report showed that Harvey was stealing money from the mill and is keeping it for himself and his company. Rather Harvey paying the bills, he sold bonds to people, which consequently was the reason he payments where late. Charles’ mill was going out of business, but Charles did everything in his power to keep it open. He even had to pay bills for the mill out of his pocket book just to keep the lights on. Mays, who worked as the mill’s traveling salesman constantly illegally kept money. Banks thought of many ideas to save the mill but he used none of them because they all involved selling the company to another buyer. Two companies in Mississippi, the Buckeye Cotton Oil Company and the Leland Oil Works, tried to get Banks to give up his lease and sell the mill.

Give the reasons for the failure of the Bank of Mound Bayou. The reason for the failure of the Bank of Mound Bayou was that they had problems getting money from the farmers that owed them. And also there were problems when it came down too cashing checks as well. They were short of crops, low prices, and low funding for the bank, there was a lot of problems due to the demise of the Bank of Mound Bayou. The bank could not cash a check in March. The bank continued to go down and still there were no changes within the bank. John W.

Francis was the president of the bank and Richard H. McCarthy both resigned. W. P Kyle replaced Francis, and Isaiah Montgomery replaced McCarthy. Half the debt of the bank continued to the closing of the bank. The white banks did not pay its part which consequently led to the bank to close. The white banks only paid a petty 30 percent to a four thousand dollar agreement. The bank just kept getting deeper and deeper in debt. Banks financed Mound Bayou Oil Mill with using his last 100,000 dollars from the bank. Discuss the relationship between Charles Banks and his wife.

The relationship between Charles Banks and his wife was a very good one due to the support of his wife Treanna. They were married in Ophelia Booze of Natchez, Mississippi in 1893. They built a home in Mound Bayou, Mississippi to begin their family. The Banks’ realized the importance of a nice home for many reasons. She was a big part of her husband’s success by being a strong woman by his side no matter what the situation was. She accepting during the worse which made them sacrifices many things. They followed the way of the black elite in their church membership.

When Washington died things became rough for the two of them. In the early 1917, Treanna was upset that Charles was going to cut her off from the money and sliced Charles ear. Then Charles decided to get a divorce. They got back together but in the second marriage they again had a divorce. Death of Charles Banks: Emmett Scott told Banks that his hard work was “a story worth telling. “1919 to 1922 was a big economic disaster for the Mound Bayou. The Mound Bayou State Bank closed for good on June 28, 1922, due to the loans taken out for the bank did not get repaid.

The Oil Mill of Mound Bayou ended because whites decided to boycott the predominately black mill. November 17, 1922 was the date of the death of Charles’s mother. Banks became ill in September of 1923 and was put in the hospital for little over a month and shortly died after. He died at the age of 50 years old. He died from a heart malfunction. Blood stop pumping to his heart and stopped working. Banks was a very influential throughout his time in politics. He did so without ever having a public position in the government. He owned many businesses.

Banks depending on his peers was his only downfall. Charles Banks in his lifetime always tried to make things better for the Negro race. Booker T. Washington’s philosophy of economic uplift, Banks hard work showed that Negro’s can work hard just like whites. In Conclusion: Banks was hard worker who did not care about getting praise for the things he did. He did things in good faith and for the advancement for Negros. It shows in him never taking a public position in politics. He just wanted to help; he was not worried about the recognition as most people would do so.

Without Scott and Washington he would not have been able to do the things he did without them. Banks was a leading African American individual during his lifetime. He has worked closely with Booker T. Washington and Emmett Scott. They all worked hand in hand with the up keeping and the operating of the Mound Bayou Cotton Oil Mill. He paved the way for black men in a world of racism. Charles Banks has influenced many African Americans which now Blacks are some of the most important people that run our nation. He is one of the most influential African Americans of all time.

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