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World History Final Exam

Inca and Aztec societies were similar politically how Both expanded empires using the military 8. What economic change or explanation justifies the claim that the late sass mark the beginning of a new period in world history? Age of Exploration – America incorporated into Global Trade Network 9. What is an economic similarity among European colonial empires in the Americas in the period 1450-1750? African slaves, forced labor American Indians 10. What European development is most closely associated with the revolution in Haiti? The French Revolution 11.

Define Social Darwinism- fight White Europeans superior – Japanese yellow people also superior – will not give way to the other – fight 12. “We shall not repeat the past. We shall eradicate it by restoring our rights in the Suez Canal. This money is ours. The canal is the property of Egypt. ” This quote represents what political philosophy expressed in the post-colonial world? Nationalism 13. Most early civilizations before 600 B. C. E. Shared what characteristics? Cities, technology, metallurgy, writing systems, growing population 14. Before 500 C. E.

Judaism and Hinduism were similar how Ethical codes of conduct, written scripture 15. Be;en 200 B. C. E. And 200 C. E. , the Silk Roads facilitated commodity trade between which of the 2 empires? Han Chinese & Romans 16. The development and spread of Christianity and Buddhism before 600 C. E. Had what Common characteristics? Derives from another religion, spread through trade routes, both established monasteries for both men & women 17. Reading – tolerance 18. Indian Ocean Trade Networks encouraged the growth of what between 600 CE & 1450 CE? Trade networks increased growth of cities (trade centers) 19.

Before 1450 C. E. What is true of sub-Sahara Africans commercial economy – what was traded with whom? Sub Africa exported gold to – Europeans & Middle East 20. What consequences of the Columbian Exchange most affected Meridians in the sixteenth century’? Diseases caused PANDEMICS 21 . The McHugh Empire and the Ottoman Empire before 1700 C. E. Shared what characteristics? Diverse – religiously & ethnically 22. In the period 1450-1750, what produced on large plantations by slave labor, were significant commodities in the growing world market? Sugar, Tobacco, coffee – cash crops 23. Reading 24.

An important reason for China’s rapid population increase in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries was what New crops 25. What was a widespread social consequence of industrialization in the sass? Create a new social class of workers who are wage-earners -urban areas 26. How did nineteenth-century European industrialization affect European women’s lives? Marriage age women work & home & house work us forewomen 27. After the Second World War, countries around the world did which of the following to restore the global economy? World bank & other new financial institutions – globally 28.

Nationalist leaders in Africa and Asia, such as Ho Chi Mini (1890-?1 969), Com Kenya (1894-1978), and Shame Markham (1909-1972), had what in common? Fought COLONIAL RULE – independence- self-determination 29. By the end of the 20th century – how did the world change as a result of technological changes? Have global economy; The Internet con necked the World 30. Why are myths useful to historians? Knowledge about traditions, values, culture that may be accurate 31 . The development of Indian Ocean trade routes in the period 600 B. C. E. To 600 C. E. ND the development of transatlantic trade routes in the period 1450 C. E. To 1600 C. E. Were similar in that both depended on what Wind patterns (Atlantic Ocean’s wind wheel and Indian Ocean’s monsoon winds), ocean currents 32. Reading 33. Reading 34. Painting 35. Before 600 C. E. , large centralized empires, such as the Han, Persian, and Roman empires, extended their military power by doing what? Built infrastructure – roads, bridges, defensive walls, expanded supply lines on safe roads 36. What factors represent the most significant cause of the growth of cities in Afro-Eurasia in the period 1000-1450 ?

Increased interregional & long distance trade 37. What type of evidence for research about the profits of Portuguese and British slave traders in the period 1600-1800 would be most useful? Slave traders receipts or account books of sales 8. The North and South American independence movements Of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth centuries shared what in common? Revolutions and demands based on enlightenment ideas 39. The founding North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) is best understood in the context of what post-world war 2 events? Cold War 40.

Historians argue that the twentieth century marks a significant break in world history for what reasons? Petroleum, gas, population tripled, communism 41 . What is true of both the McHugh and Ottoman empires in the sixteenth century? Big empires, Gunpowder, bureaucracy 42. Map 3. In contrast to initial industrialization, the second Industrial Revolution in the last half of the nineteenth century was particularly associated With the mass production of what? Steel, electricity, transportation 44. Graph – What led to the increases in the Trans-Atlantic Slave trade by the sass?

Expansion of sugar plantations, also tobacco and end of indentured servitude. 45. Reading – who would benefit most from independence in Latin America from Spain? Creole elite 46. Reading – When Spain controlled their colonies for resources – what economic system did they use? Encomia system 47. The expansion of communication and trade networks in Afro-Eurasia from 600 C. E. To 1450 C. E. Resulted in the spread of what from South Asia? New technology & science and math -? O & decimal number system 48. Major difference between the social structures of China and India between 600 B.

C. E. And 600 C. E.? China – Confucian social hierarchy – Structure benefited covet officials Indian remember upper caste Brahmins – priests – not political people with new power 49. The African proverb, “Until the lions have their historians, tales of hunting will always glorify the hunter,” Means what? History written by winners or victors not losers 50. Map 51 . Map understand Triangular Trade 52. Most world historians would agree that the key to European predominance in the world economy during the nineteenth and early twentieth century’s was based on what?

Industrial Revolution 53. Map East Asian Empires – know. 54. Reading 55. Europeans controlled the largest share of world trade in the seventeenth through the eighteenth centuries. – What evidence from the period would best support or challenge this historical reinterpretation? 1 6005 Indians Chinese & Muslims still trade largest percentage Not Europeans – only control mall percentage of trade Europeans control trade after -? industrial revolution -? merchant records tell how much traded 56.

The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration Of the Rights Of Man and Citizen reflects a shared concern for what? Protection of rights & right to own private property (life, liberty & PROPERTY) 57. A historian researching the effects of Christian missionaries’ activities on local social structures in late-nineteenth-century Africa would what sources most useful? African stories about conversion – primary sources 58. What was the leading cause of the unprecedented increase in global population in the twentieth century?

Medicine, increased concern for better health care & gobo concern for public health 59. Graphs 60. Reading 61 . What is a nationalistic interpretation of the collapse of the Ottoman and Russian empires during and immediately after the First World War? Demands by ethnic groups for rights & independence in these 2 multivalent empires 62. What is a major similarity between the goals of leaders of the Chinese Communist Revolution, such as Mao Sedona, and the goals of leaders of the Mexican Revolution, such as Million Capita, in the early twentieth century? Land redistribution 63.

Reading – define dynastic cycle & mandate of heaven Dynastic Cycle: family that passed imperial title from generation to generation. When dynasty grew weaker & tax revenues declined- social divisions- internal rebellions invasions. As ruling dynasty declined, another emerged, usually from family of a successful general, invader, or peasant rebel & pattern would repeat the cycle. Mandate of Heaven: the divine approval of a ruler- the gods approved of the rulers in power 64. Reading 5. What is a significant environmental effect of the globalization of the world’s economy in the period 1980 to the present?

Pollution water & air, improved western world – diminished developed world, 66. Some historians consider the late nineteenth century and early twentieth century to have been crucial decades in the development of Western thought. What evidence supports that contention? Physics, Theory of relativity, universe does not work like a machine or clock – relative – uncertainty principle 67. Some historians have argued that significant social inequalities emerged only after he adoption of agriculture made it possible for some individuals to accumulate great amounts of surplus wealth.

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