Western History of Fashion
Men’s clothing Shirt, braces, and schusses underclothes consisted of an Inner tunic (French challenges) or shirt with long, tight levees, and drawers or braise, usually of linen. Tailored cloth leggings called schusses or hose, made as separate garments for each leg, were often worn with the tunic; striped hose were popular. [l] During this period, beginning with the middle and upper classes, hose became longer and more fitting, and they reached above the knees. Previously, they were looser and worn with drawers that ranged from knee- to ankle-length.
The new type of hose was worn with drawers that reached the knees or above, and they were wide enough at the top to allow the drawers to be tucked into them. They were held up in place by being attached to the girdle of the drawers.  The better fit and girdle attachment of this new hose eliminated the need for the leg bands often worn with earlier hose. In England, however, leg bands continued to be worn by some people, both rich and poor, right up to the reign of Richard 1.  After 1 200, they were largely abandoned. 4] Outer tunics and doublets Over the undercount and hose. Men wore an outer tunic that reached to the knees or ankles, and that was fastened at the waist with a belt. Fitted blasts, of wool or, increasingly, silk, had sleeves that were cut wide at the wrist and gored skirts. Men wore blasts open to the waist front and back or at the side Newly fashionable were short, fitted garments for the upper body, worn under the tunic: the doublet, made of two layers of linen, and an early form of quilted and padded Jape or giving. L] The sleeveless sugarcoat or cycles was Introduced during this period as protective covering for armor (especially against the sun) during the crusades.  By the next century, it would become widely adopted as civilian dress.  Rectangular and circular cloaks were worn over the tunic. [l] These fastened on the right shoulder or at the center front. Headgear Men of the upper classes often went hatless. The chaperon in the form of hood and attached shoulder-length cape was worn during this period, especially by the rural lower classes, and the fitted linen coif tied under the chin appeared very late In the century.
Small round or slightly conical caps with rolled brims were worn, and straw hats were worn for outdoor work in summer. Women’s clothing Chemise and tunic Women’s clothing consisted of an undercount called a chemise, chains or smock, usually of linen, over which was worn one or more ankle-to-floor length tunics (also called gowns or Working class women wore their tunics ankle-length tote or the form-fitting bailout over a full chemise with tight sleeves. The bailout had flaring skirt and sleeves tight to the elbow and then widening to wrist in a trumpet shape.
A bailout apparently cut in one piece from neckline to hem depicted on a column figure of a woman at the Cathedral of SST. Maurice at Angers has visible side- lacing and is belted at the natural waistline.  A new fashion, the bailout gorgon, arose in mid-century: this dress is cut in two pieces, a fitted upper portion with a finely pleated skirt attached to a low waistband.  The fitted bailout was sometimes worn Ninth a long belt or cincture (in French, cincture) that looped around a slightly raised Insist and was knotted over the abdomen; the cincture could have decorative tassels or metal tags at the ends. 7] In England, the fashionable gown was wide at the wrist but without the trumpet-shaped flare from the elbow seen in France.  Hairstyles and headdresses Married women, in keeping with Christian custom, wore veils over their hair, which Nas often parted in the center and hung down in long braids that might be extended Ninth false hair or purchased hair from the dead, a habit decried by moralists. 7] The Impel was introduced in England late in the century. It consisted of a linen cloth that covered the throat (and often the chin as well), and that was fastened about the head, under the veil. 5] 1200-1300 in European fashion(13th century) Costume during the thirteenth century in Europe was very simple for both men and Omen, and quite uniform across the continent. Male and female clothing were relatively similar, and changed very slowly, if at all. Most clothing, especially outside the wealthier classes, remained little changed from three or four centuries earlier. [l] he century saw great progress in the dyeing and working of wool, which was by far the most important material for outer wear. For the rich, color was very important. Eye was introduced and became very fashionable, being adopted by the Kings of France as their heraldic color.  Men’s clothing Men wore a tunic, cote or cote with a sugarcoat over a linen shirt. One of these sugarcoats was the cycles, which began as a rectangular piece of cloth with a hole in it for the head. Over time the sides were sewn together to make a long, sleeveless tunic. When sleeves and sometimes a hood were added, the cycles became a menace (a cap-sleeved sugarcoat, usually shown with hood of matching color) or a carports (a long, generous-sleeved traveling robe, somewhat resembling a modern academic robe).
A mantle was worn as a formal wrap. Men also wore hose, shoes, and headdress. The clothing of royalty was set apart by its rich fabric and luxurious furs. Hair and beard were moderate in length, and men generally wore their hair in a ‘pageboy” style, curling under at neglect. Shoes were slightly pointed, and embroidered for royalty and higher clergy.  Working men’s clothing Nonworking men wore a short cote, or tunic, with a belt. It was slit up the center of the front so that they could tuck the corners into their belt to create more freedom of movement.
They wore long braise or leggings with legs of varying length, often visible as they worked with their cote tucked into their belt. Hose could be worn over this, attached to the drawstring or belt at the waist. Hats included a round cap with a slight brim, the beret Oust like modern French ones, complete with a little tab at the top), the coif (a little tight white hood with strings that tied under the chin), the straw came round the neck and over the shoulders. Apart from aprons for trades like minting, and crude clothes tied round the neck to hold seed for sowing, special clothes were not worn for working. 4] Women’s clothing Oman in a barrette and coif, sleeveless sugarcoat, gown and mantle. Sketch by Villain De Honeymooner, C. 1230 Overview Dress for women was restrained. A floor length, loosely-fitted gown, with long, tight sleeves and a narrow belt was uniform. Over this was worn the cycles or sleeveless sugarcoat (also worn by men). Richer women wore more embroidery, and the mantle, held in place by a cord across the chest, might be lined with fur. Women also wore hose and leather shoes, like men. 3] Headdresses and hairstyles Individuality in women’s costume was expressed through their hair and headdress.
One distinctive part of 13th-century women’s header was the barrette, a chin band to which a hat or various other headdress might be attached. This hat might be “woman’s coif”, which more nearly resembled a pillbox hat, severely plain or fluted. Ere hair was often confined by a net called a creepiness or creepiest, visible only at the back. Later in the century the barrette and coif were reduced to narrow strips of cloth, and the entire hairdresser might be covered with the creepiness, the hair seasonable bulky over the ears. Coif and barrette were white, while the creepiness might be colored or gold.
The wimple and veil of the 12th century (still seen on nuns today) was still worn, mainly by older women and widows.  1300-1400 in European fashion(14th century) Fashion in fourteenth century Europe was marked by the beginning of a period of experimentation with different forms of clothing. Costume historian James Leaver suggests that the mid-14th century marks the emergence of recognizable “fashion” in in which Fernando Breaded concurs.  The draped garments and straight mass of previous centuries were replaced by curved seams and the beginnings of tailoring, which allowed clothing to more closely fit the human form.
Also, the use of lacing and buttons allowed a snugger fit to clothing.  General trends In the course of the century the length of female hem-lines progressively reduced, and by the end of the century it was fashionable for men to omit the long loose over- garment of previous centuries (whether called tunic, circle, or other names) altogether, putting the emphasis on a tailored top that fell a little below the waist-?a silhouette that is still reflected in men’s costume today. ] Fabrics and furs Knoll was the most important material for clothing, due to its numerous favorable qualities, such as the ability to take dye and its being a good insulator.  This century saw the beginnings of the Little Ice Age, and glazing was rare, even for the rich (most houses Just had wooden shutters for the winter). Trade in textiles continued to grow throughout the century, and formed an important part of the economy for many areas from England to Italy. Clothes were very expensive, and employees, even high-ranking officials, were usually supplied with, typically, one outfit per year, as part of their remuneration.
Woodblock printing of cloth was known throughout the century, and was probably fairly common by the end; this is hard to assess as artists tended to avoid trying to depict patterned cloth due to the difficulty of doing so. Embroidery in wool, and silk or gold thread for the rich, was London, who presumably produced the robes he and his Queen wore in 1351 of red delved “embroidered with clouds of silver and eagles of pearl and gold, under each alternate cloud an eagle of pearl, and under each of the other clouds a golden eagle, every eagle having in its beak a Garter with the motto hon. soot quiz mall y pens embroidered thereon.  Silk was the finest fabric of all. In Northern Europe, silk was an imported and very expensive luxury.  The well-off could afford woven brocades from Italy or even further field. Fashionable Italian silks of this period featured repeating patterns of roundels and animals, deriving from Ottoman silk-weaving centers in Bursa, and ultimately from Yuan Dynasty China via the Silk Road.  A fashion for mi-apart or apart-colored garments made of two contrasting fabrics, one on each side, arose for men in mid-century, and was especially popular at the English court.
Sometimes Just the hose would be different colors on each leg. Checkered and plaid fabrics were occasionally seen; a apart-colored Catharine depicted on the SST. Vincent altarpiece in Catalonia is reddish-brown on one side and plaid on the other, and remains of plaid and checkered wool fabrics dating to the 14th century have also been discovered in London.  Fur was mostly worn as an inner lining for warmth; inventories from Burgundies villages show that even there a fur-lined coat (rabbit, or the more expensive cat) was one of the most common garments.  Fair, the fur of the squirrel, white on the belly and grey on the back,
Nas particularly popular through most of the century and can be seen in many illuminated manuscript illustrations, where it is shown as a white and blue-grey softly striped or checkered pattern lining cloaks and other outer garments; the white belly fur with the merest edging of grey was called minivan.  A fashion in men’s clothing for the dark furs sable and marten arose around 1380, and squirrel fur was thereafter relegated to formal ceremonial wear.  Ermine, with their dense white “inter coats, was worn by royalty, with the black tipped tails left on to contrast with he white for decorative effect, as in the Hilton Diptych above.
Men’s clothing Shirt, doublet and hose Ere innermost layer of clothing were the braces or breeches, a loose undergarment, usually made of linen, which was held up by a belt. [1 5] Next came the shirt, which Nas generally also made of linen, and which was considered an undergarment, like the breeches. [1 5] Hose or schusses made out of wool were used to cover the legs, and were generally brightly colored, and often had leather soles, so that they did not have to be worn with shoes. 1 5] The shorter clothes of the second half of the century squired these to be a single garment like modern tights, whereas otherwise they Nerve two separate pieces covering the full length of each leg. Hose were generally tied to the breech belt, or to the breeches themselves, or to a doublet. [1 5] A doublet Nas a buttoned Jacket that was generally of hip length. Similar garments were called Catharine, printout, Equate or SubГ¶n.  These garments were worn over the shirt and the hose. Tunic and goodhearted An overgrown, tunic, or circle was usually worn over the shirt or doublet. 1 5] As with other outer garments, it was generally made of wool. [1 5] Over this, a man might also Near an over-circle, cloak, or a hood.  Servants and working men wore their circles at various lengths, including as low as the knee or calf. However the trend during the the century, courtiers are often shown, if they have the figure for it, wearing nothing over their closely tailored Catharine. A French chronicle records: “Around that year 11350), men, in particular noblemen and their squires, took to wearing tunics so short and tight that they revealed what modesty bids us hide.
This was a most astonishing thing for the people” This fashion may well have derived from military clothing, here long loose overgrown were naturally not worn in action. At this period, the most dignified fugues, like King Charles in the illustration, continue to wear long overgrown-?although as the Royal Chamberlain, De Veteran was himself a person of ‘ere high rank. This abandonment of the gown to emphasis a tight top over the torso, with breeches or trousers below, was to become the distinctive feature of European men’s fashion for centuries to come. Men had carried purses up to this time because tunics did not provide pockets. **A new garment, the Happened, appeared around 1380 and was to remain fashionable well into the next century.  It was essentially a robe with fullness falling from the shoulders, very full trailing sleeves, and the high collar favored at the English court. The extravagance of the sleeves was criticized by moralists. Headgear and accessories During this century, the chaperon made a transformation from being a utilitarian hood with a small cape to becoming a complicated and fashionable hat worn by the Unhealthy in town settings. This came when they began to be worn with the opening for the face placed instead on the top of the head.
Belts were worn below waist at all times, and very low on the hips with the tightly fitted fashions of the latter half of the century. Belt pouches or purses were used, and long daggers, usually hanging diagonally to the front. In armor, the century saw increases in the amount of plate armor worn, and by the end of the century the full suit had been developed, although mixtures of chain mail and plate remained more common. The visited bassinet helmet was a new development in this century. Ordinary soldiers were lucky to have a mail hauberk, and perhaps some cur-build (“boiled leather”) knee or shin ices.
Women’s clothing Underwear Ere innermost layer of a woman’s clothing was a linen or woolen chemise or smock, some fitting the figure and some loosely garmented, although there is some mention of a “breast girdle” or “breast band” which may have been the precursor of a modern bra.  Women also wore hose or stockings, although women’s hose generally only reached to the knee. [1 5] All classes and both sexes are usually shown sleeping naked -?special nightwear only became common in the 16th century -?yet some married women wore their chemises to bed as a form of modesty and piety.
Many in the lower classes wore their undergarments to bed because of the cold weather at nighttime and since their beds usually consisted of a straw mattress and a few sheets, the undergarment would act as another layer. Gowns and outerwear Over the chemise, women wore a loose or fitted gown called a cote or circle, usually ankle or floor-length, and with trains for formal occasions. Fitted circles had full skirts made by adding triangular gores to widen the hem without adding bulk at the waist. Circles also had long, fitted sleeves that sometimes reached down to over the knuckles.
Various sorts of overgrown were worn over the circle, and are called by Catharine (although this usage of the word has been heavily criticized) and might have hanging sleeves and sometimes worn with a Jeweled or metalworker belt. Over time, the hanging part of the sleeve became longer and narrower until it was the merest streamer, called a tippet, then gaining the floral or lifelike diggings in the end of the century.  Sleeveless overgrown or tabors derive from the cycles, an unfitted rectangle of cloth with an opening for the head that was worn in the 13th century.
By the early 14th century, the sides began to be sewn together, creating a sleeveless overgrown or sugarcoat.  Outdoors, women wore cloaks or mantles, often lined in fur. The Happened was also adopted by women late in the century. Omen invariably wore their Haplessness floor-length, the waistline rising up to right underneath the bust, sleeves very wide and hanging, like angel sleeves. Headdresses Northern and western Europe Married women in Northern and Western Europe wore some type of headlining. He barbet was a band of linen that passed under the chin and was pinned on top of he head; it descended from the earlier wimple (in French, barber), which was now Nor only by older women, widows, and nuns. The barbet was worn with a linen fillet or headband, or with a linen cap called a coif, with or without a cowpuncher (kerchief) or veil overall.  It passed out of fashion by mid-century. Unmarried girls simply lust braided the hair to keep the dirt out. The barbet and fillet or barbet and veil could also be worn over the creepiness, a thick hairnet or snood.
Over time, the creepiness evolved into a mesh of Jeweler’s work that confined the hair on the sides of the head, and even later, at the back. This metal creepiness was also called a call, and remained stylish long after the barbet had fallen out of fashion.  For example it Nas used in Hungary until the beginning of the second half of the 15th century, as it Nas used by the Hungarian queen consort Barbara of Cell around 1440. Italy Uncovered hair was acceptable for women in the Italian states. Many women twisted their long hair with cords or ribbons and wrapped the twists around their heads, often without any cap or veil.
Hair was also worn braided. Older women and widows Noreen a veil and wimple, and a simple knotted kerchief was worn while working. In the mage at right, one woman wears a red hood draped over her twisted and bound hair. 1400-1500 in European fashion(1 5th century) Fashion in 1 5th century Europe was characterized by a series of extremes and extravagances, from the voluminous gowns called haplessness with their sweeping floor-length sleeves to the revealing doublets and hose of Renaissance Italy. Hats, hoods, and other headdresses assumed increasing importance, and were swaged, draped, Jeweled, and feathered.
As Europe continued to grow more prosperous, the urban middle classes, skilled workers, began to wear more complex clothes that allowed, at a distance, the fashions set by the elites. National variations in clothing seem on the whole to have increased over the 1 5th century. [l] General trends Dominance of the Burgundies court: Ninth England and France mired in the Hundred Years War and its aftermath and then the English Wars of the Roses through most of the 15th century, European fashion north of the Alps was dominated by the glittering court of the Duchy of ruled 1419-1469).
Having added Holland and Flanders to their dominion, the Dukes of Burgundy had access to the latest fabrics of Italy and the East and to English wool sports through the great trading cities of Brumes and Antwerp.  Purchases of fabrics through Italian merchants like the two cousins Giovanni Arnold amounted to noticeable proportion of all government expenditure. 3] Especially in Florence, Inhere sanctuary laws prevented the citizens from wearing the most luxurious cloths on which the city’s fortunes were built, the materials of men’s clothing in particular often appear plain in paintings, but contemporaries who understood the difference n grades of cloth very well would have appreciated the beauty and great expense of very fine grade. 4] Fabrics and furs 1400-1500: Knoll was the most popular fabric for all classes by far, followed by linen and hemp. 5] Wool fabrics were available in a wide range of qualities, from rough endued cloth to fine, dense broadcloth with a velvety nap; high-value broadcloth was a backbone of the English economy and was exported throughout Europe.  Wool fabrics were dyed in rich colors, notably reds, greens, gold, and blues, although the actual blue color achievable with dyeing with wood (and less frequently indigo) could not match the characteristic rich lapis lazuli pigment blues depicted in contemporary illuminated manuscripts such as the Trees Riches Heroes du duce De Berry. 5] Silk- Navies was well established around the Mediterranean by the beginning of the 1 5th century, and figured silks, often silk velvets with silver-gilt wefts, are increasingly seen in Italian dress and in the dress of the wealthy throughout Europe. Stately floral designs featuring a pomegranate or artichoke motif had reached Europe from China n the 14th century and became a dominant design in the Ottoman silk-producing cities of Istanbul and Bursa, and spread to silk weavers in Florence, Genoa, Venice, Valences and Seville in this Fur was worn, mostly as a lining layer, by those who could afford it.
The grey and white squirrel furs of the Middle Ages, fair and minivan, went out of style except at court, first for men and then for women; the new fashionable furs were dark brown sable and marten. Toward the end of the 1 5th century, wild animal furs such as lynx became popular.  Ermine remained the prerogative and hallmark of royalty. Slashing: Contemporary chroniclers identify the source of the fashion for slashing garments (to reveal a lining or full undergarment beneath) to the actions of Swiss soldiers in the aftermath of the Battle of Grandson in 1476. 9] Supposedly the Swiss plundered the rich fabrics of the Burgundies nobles and used the scraps to patch their tattered clothes. In reality, images appear of sleeves with a single slashed opening as early as mid-1 5th century, although the German fashion for “many small all-over slits” may have begun here.  Whatever its origin, the fad for multiple slashing spread to German Lankness’s and thence to France, Italy, and England, where it was to remain a potent current in fashionable attire into the mid-17th century.
A second result of the defeat at Grandson was the decline of Burgundy as a fount of culture and fashion. The heiress Mary of Burgundy married Macmillan l, Holy Roman Emperor but died young. In the last decade of the 15th century, Charles VIII of France invaded Italy and was briefly declared King of Naples. As a result, the French nobility Nerve introduced to the fabrics and styles of Italy, which would combine with German 16th century.  Women’s fashion Sown, circle, and chemise: Omen’s fashions of the 1 5th century consisted of a long gown, usually with sleeves,
Nor over a circle or undergone, with a linen chemise or smock worn next to the skin. Ere long-wasted silhouette of the previous period was replaced by a high-wasted style with fullness over the belly, often confined by a belt. The wide, shallow scooped neckline was replaced by a V-neck, often cut low enough to reveal the decorated front of the circle beneath. Various styles of overgrown were worn. The Catharine fitted smoothly from the shoulders to the hips and then flared by means of inserted triangular gores. It featured sleeves tight to the elbow with hanging streamers or tippets.
The tight fit was achieved with lacing or buttons. This style faded rapidly from fashion in favor of the happened, a full robe with a high collar and wide sleeves that had become fashionable around 1380 and remained so to mid-1 5th century.  The later happened had sleeves that were snug at the wrist, making a full “bag” sleeve. The bag sleeve was sometimes slashed in the front to allow the lower arm to reach through. Around 1450, the dress of northern Europe developed a low V-neck that showed a glimpse of the square-necked circle. The neckline could be filled in with a sheer linen parapet.
Wide turn-backs like reverse displayed a contrasting lining, frequently of fur or black velvet, and the sleeves might be cuffed to match. Sleeves were very long, covering half of the hand, and often highly decorated with embroidery. Fine sleeves were often transferred from one dress to another. The term robe dguisee was coined in the mid-sass to describe garments reflecting the very latest fashions, a term which endured into the In Italy, the low scoop-neck of the early decades gave way to a neckline that was high in front with a lower V-neck at the back at mid-1 5th century.
This was followed by a V-neckline that splayed the circle or kumara (sometimes spelled camera). Sleeveless overgrown Nerve popular, and the kumara sleeves displayed were often of rich figured silks. A lighter-weight undergone for summer wear was the cotta. A sidelines overgrown called the Georgian was worn with the kumara or cotta. Toward the end of the period, sleeves were made in sections or panels and slashed, allowing the full chemise sleeves below to be pulled through in puffs along the arm, at the shoulder, and at the elbow.
This was the beginning of the fashion for puffed and slashed sleeves that Mould last for two centuries. 12] Hairstyles and headdresses A variety of hats and headdresses were worn in Europe in the 1 5th century. The creepiness of Northern Europe, originally a thick hairnet or snood, had evolved into a mesh of Jeweler’s work that confined the hair on the sides of the head by the end of the 14th century. Gradually the fullness at the sides of head was pulled up to the temples and became pointed, like horns (Г corn). 12] By mid-1 5th century, the hair Nas pulled back from the forehead, and the creepiness, now usually called a call, sat on the back of the head. Very fashionable women shaved their foreheads and Hebrews. Any of these styles could be topped by a padded roll, sometimes arranged in a heart-shape, or a veil, or both. Veils were supported by wire frames that exaggerated the shape and were variously draped from the back of the headdress or covered the forehead. Women also wore the chaperon, a draped hat turbans.
The most extravagant headdress of Burgundies fashion is the Henning, a zone or truncated-cone shaped cap with a wire frame covered in fabric and topped by a veil. Later Henning feature a turned-back brim, or are worn over a hood with a turned-back brim. 17] Women of the merchant classes in Northern Europe wore modified versions of courtly hairstyles, with coifs or caps, veils, and wimples of crisp linen (often with visible creases from ironing and folding). A brief fashion added rows of gathered frills to the coif or veil; this style is sometimes known by the German name Kruse. 18] Brief Costume History 1700-1799(18th century) Style Ere Rococo period was marked stylistically by the same convoluted detail and elaborate decoration which characterized the Baroque period immediately preceding t. But despite this similarity Rococo style had, at its center a radical difference. Here every aspect of the fine and decorative arts of the Baroque period had at its core an extreme solidity and heaviness, Rococo art, music and furniture had, as its basis, a lightness and fluidity which grew more pronounced as it progressed.
Rococo forms in the decorative arts typically seem to float upwards in complex curvilinear patterns, defying both physical and emotional gravity. Flowers, birds, and bows became dominant motifs in a style that highlighted a kind of idealized femininity. These forms were incorporated into all the visual arts, both fine and decorative, so hat it is not surprising to find that shapes used in furniture are similar to the shapes used in costume. Women’s Dress Ere Cut of Women’s Clothes 1700-1789 Ere style of Women’s garments in the 18th Century reflect the improving status of Omen in society.
While the mantra of the early 18th Century was a rather simple limp garment composed of two lengths of fabric pinch pleated at the waist over the stays with wide soft sleeves sewn in, the mantra was gradually stiffened, decorated and expanded with hoops called panniers until, by mid/century it had been stylized to the Robe De Franchise a doll-cake-like structure that insured that a woman took Jp three times as much space as a man and always presented an imposing and ultra feminine spectacle.
After 1760, women began to expand vertically as well, raising their hair with pads and pomade too height in the sass’s that only a man on stilts could hope to emulate. After 1780, a fashion for Reassesses naturalism took over and women adopted more “natural” looking fashions which still took up a considerable amount of space, but emphasized the natural sexual characteristics of he female figure with padded busts and bottoms and riots of cascading hair under massive hats. Men’s fashion Throughout the period, men continued to wear the coat, waistcoat and breeches.
However, changes were seen in both the fabric used as well as the cut of these garments. More attention was paid to individual pieces of the suit, and each element underwent stylistic changes.  Under new enthusiasms for outdoor sports and country pursuits, the elaborately embroidered silks and velvets characteristic of “full dress” or formal attire earlier in the century gradually gave way to carefully tailored Enola “undress” garments for all occasions except the most formal.
Coats ay the sass, coats exhibited a tighter, narrower cut, than seen in earlier periods, and to be cutaway in a curve from the front waist. Waistcoats gradually shortened until they were waist-length and cut straight across. Waistcoats could be made with or Introit sleeves. As in the previous period, a loose, T-shaped silk, cotton or linen gown called a banyan was worn at home as a sort of dressing gown over the shirt, Anastasia, and breeches. Men of an intellectual or philosophical bent were painted Nearing banyans, with their own hair or a soft cap rather than a wig. 18] A coat with wide collar called a frock coat, derived from a traditional working-class coat, was Nor for hunting and other country pursuits in both Britain and America. Although originally designed as sporting wear, frock coats gradually came into fashion as everyday wear. The frock coat was cut with a turned down collar, reduced side pleats, and small, round cuffs, sometimes cut with a slit to allow for added movement. Sober, natural colors were worn, and coats were made from woolen cloth, or a wool and silk ix.  Shirt and stock Shirt sleeves were full, gathered at the wrist and dropped shoulder.
Full-dress shirts had ruffles of fine fabric or lace, while undress shirts ended in plain wrist bands. A small turnover collar returned to fashion, worn with the stock. In England, clean, Unite linen shirts were considered important in Men’s attire.  The cravat reappeared at the end of the period. Breeches, shoes, and stockings As coats became cutaway, more attention was paid to the cut and fit of the breeches. Reaches fitted snugly and had a fall-front opening. Low-heeled leather shoes estates with shoe buckles were worn with silk or woolen stockings. Boots were worn for riding.
The buckles were either polished metal, usually in silver (sometimes with the metal cut into false stones in the Paris style), or with paste stones, although there Nerve other types. These buckles were often quite large and one of the world’s largest collections can be seen at Kingwood House; with the French Revolution they were abandoned in France as a signifier of aristocracy. Brief Costume History 1800-1849 Dress in The French Revolution, Empire and Romantic Periods This time frame from 1789-1825 is actually several different sub-periods. The first, 1789-1799, the period of The French Revolution, is a sharp transition period.
The second 1800-1815 is the time of the French Consulate and Empire, and is a stable Neo-classical period. 1815-1825 is the late Neo-classical period that shows a gradual shift towards the Romantic style. Dress in The French Revolution Dress during this period goes through a massive shift. Late 18th Century women’s dress collapses from it’s padded and puffed look to a thin, often translucent silhouette. As the French Revolution progressed, different women’s styles were adopted that appeared to have reference to the revolutionary politics, social structure and philosophy of the time.