In the novel 1984 the party also known as the government in the novel demands loyalty to Big Brother. Totalitarianism is a system of the government that is dictatorial. Totalitarianism requires complete loyalty to the government. The party seeks to control everything. The goal of the party is to control the citizens and manipulate information. They manipulate information by erasing, recreating, or modifying the truth in history. The citizens of Oceania are not allowed to keep written records of their lives, anything that pertains documents of their lives must be destroyed in a memory hole.
The party also monitors the behavior of its citizens they are not allowed to love their families because all love should be for Big Brother. The power the party has is to control the present by altering the past. If the people do not cooperate they use the military to perform tactics to get the rebellious people to love Big Brother. In the novel 1984 the party (government) employs totalitarianism and general manipulation to control and have absolute power over its citizens. Annotations Carpentier, Martha C. “The Dark Power of Destinya00 in George Orwell Nineteen Eighty-Four.
Mosaic: A Journal for the Interdisciplinary Study of Literature 47. 1 (2014): 179-94. Web. Martha explains that the dark and twisted ways of a certain era has a lot to do with Orwell’s writing. Orwell wanted to make political writing into art. It explains that totalitarianism is a form of government control. It explains that the effects of world war two is what caused him to write the novel 1984. Big brother is the dictator also could be called the government controls everything and is apart of the citizens daily life. That includes psychological needs, history, and information.
They torture and manipulate people by keeping them underfed,scared, and noting letting them have knowledge of anything. Cernak, Linda. Totalitarianism. Edina, Minn: Abdo, 2011. Exploring World Governments. EBook Collection. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. Cernak explains how totalitarianism is used on the citizens for the dictator to have absolute power. She states that the most popular way for them to do this is to withhold civil and human rights from their citizens. Other ways for them to do this is to use psychological manipulation and that means using tactics to instill fear into the citizens.
This refers to 1984 because they used a type of military force to perform the tactics to scare the people. They would catch them through the police or secret police. In the novel 1984 the government did not let the people have rights because the citizens did not have freedom of speech. If you thought your own way you would be committing thoughtcrime. Gerson, Michael. “”Giver’ Reminds Us of Power of Pain. ” Daily Herald. N. p. , 21 July 2014. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. The Giver is about a world where they are completely controlled. Everyone is forced to be the same and think the same.
The government also know as the elders erase the memories of the people because they believe that the past was filled with hatred, pain, and hunger. The citizens are suppose to take a pill to rid them of all emotion. That includes sexal desire, babies are only to be made to water down more of the history they will raise the babies their way. In the book their is a teenage boy that stops taking his pill and starts to get his memory back and tries to save the world by making the elders realize there’s nothing wrong with feeling emotions.
This refers to 1984 because the party has control over the people and will ot let them have freedom to love or be like normal modern families. Having a baby means that it’s your duty to the party not for your liking. Your loyalty is supposed to belong to the party. Issitt, Micah. “Totalitarian Rule. ” Salem Press Encyclopedia. N. p. : Salem, 2017. N. pag. Ers. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. Jucovy, Kyra. “Little Sister Is Watching You: Archer’s Goon and 1984. ” Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts. The International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts, 22 Mar. 2011. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
Jucovy writes about her experience and thoughts after reading 1984 and Archer Goon. She said that she loved the novels. Although the author of Archer’s Goon did mimick the surveillance tactics and the slogan of Orwell’s 1984. She says that the novels actually did have politics and stuff about the government being bad in them. The abuse of political power was much more heavy in 1984 but more easy to obtain than in Archer’s Goon. The importance to the party’s goal is to destroy family. Kang, Jin Woong. “The Two Faces of North Korean State Power. ” Politics 34. 3 (2014): 213-22. Academic Search Complete.
Web. 11 Apr. 2017. This article is about the dictatorship that North Korea has. The totalitarian approach the country has is total domination. This threatened peoples lives and freedom in 1956. Most outsiders and citizens believe some tactics are very cruel but Kotkin argues that their not only trying to make a political statement but trying to enforce a set of values. Kotkin also states that they are trying to socially identify a way of life. This refers to 1984 because the party uses military forces to perform psychological manipulation on the rebels that were trying to go against Big Brother.
They did this to stay in power and still have fear in the itizens. Nikolajeva, Maria. “Time and Totalitarianism. ” Journal of the Fantastic in the Arts. The International Association for the Fantastic in the Arts, 22 Mar. 2009. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. Nikolajeva purposes that god can not alter the past but historians can. The question asked is can God be replaced and in the article excerpt is says that he can be replaced by an interpretation just like any person of importance. The access to history that they hold gives them the power to modify the past to their liking.
This type of power will allow them to have full control over any society. In 1984 the party denies their people to any access to history or even their past. For example they can not know their ancestors or at some point in their early childhood they are taken from their families. The party has the power to rewrite history. They will rewrite history to their liking. They will erase, recreate, or modify the truth. Ricard, Alain. ““Wole Soyinka, “intellectuel Total vs. Poete Citoyen” an Anti Totalitarian Theory of Power. ” Black Renaissance/Renaissance Noire 14. 1 (2014): 158-63. Literary Reference Center. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.
Ricard explains how race had nothing to do with the mass urdering of people in the Soviet Union. Totalitarianism hasn’t even been linked to the rule of the Soviet Union in that time. It was not welcomed and still is for the part that is left. Although socialists weren’t against it, they weren’t all the way with it. The term genocide was not used by Soyinka because murdering masses of people ,meaning anybody meant they had total control. This refers to 1984 because they party was willing to get rid of anybody that went against the grain. By doing so they were putting fear in the citizens and cleansing leaving Big Brother with total control.
Simon, Julius J. “The Origins of Totalitarianism. ” World Philosophers & Their Works. N. p. : Salem, 2000. 1-4. Literary Reference Center. Web. 11 Apr. 2017. This article approaches the violence and evil behind totalitarianism. A dictatorial wants power for its own sake. Physical torture and fear are what totalitarianism is dependent on and without those this particular system would not exist. The party relies on fear to keep its citizens from rebellion and to obey. Wolin, Sheldon. “Inverted Totalitarianism. ” The Nation. N. p. , 29 June 2015. Web. 11 Apr. 2017.