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Monounsaturated Fat Essay

Food is important to human. Which provides energy and nutrients to human body to make the body functions. In today’s society many people have an unhealthy life. An unhealthy life can cause by many different ways but, the most important cause is the food problem. There are many types of food in the world, can be good and bad. Consuming bad foods can have negative effects in human body. Food contains fat and fat is the long termed energy for human body. carbohydrates also is the energy for human body but, carbohydrates is short termed energy. Food also contain protein which helps to repair and build cell and issues.

Fat is the one cause many people have an unhealthy body. Even fat is long termed energy for human body but, consuming too much fat will be causing problems. Food can contain visible fat and invisible fat. Visible fat is the fat in the food you can see with you naked eyes in other hands, invisible fat is the fat that you can not see with your naked eyes. Many people think those invisible fat food will not contain as much as the visible fat food. Fat has different types of fat can be beneficial, as energy to human body but, fat can be destroy human body by creating cholesterol that increase chance of heart disease and damaging your body.

There are three types of fat, saturated fat, unsaturated fat and trans fat. Saturated fat is the most harmful to human body. Saturated fat is solid at room temperature so that saturated fat mostly is the fat from animal (Cora J Dillard and J Bruce German. (september 2004). Saturated fats: what dietary intake? 1–3)Saturated fat can form a compound called low density cholesterol which is the bad cholesterol. This kind of cholesterol which deposit in the arteries. As more and more low density cholesterol store in the arteries, it restricted the blood flow through the arteries.

That can cause debilitating or fatal heart malfunction (Fat, body fat measurements. (2007). In World of Anatomy and Physiology. Gale. ). Saturated fat can also raises total blood cholesterol as result, which can increase the chance of cardiovascular disease and the risk of type 2 diabetes(Mili? evi? , D. , Vrani? , D. , Ma? i? , Z. , Parunovi? , N. , Trbovi? , D. , Nedeljkovi? -Trailovi? , J. , & Petrovi? , Z. (2014). The role of total fats, saturated/unsaturated fatty acids and cholesterol content in chicken meat as cardiovascular risk factors. Lipids in Health and Disease, 13, 42. ).

In the other hand, there is a “good cholesterol” called the high density cholesterol. Which helps to get rid off the cholesterol in the tissues. The people who consume excess amount of saturated fat and, the saturated will tie to an overall 51 percent higher risk of have highly aggressive cancer. For people who not taking statin or eating food that has low saturated fat, the risk of highly aggressive cancer will increase not just 51 percent. It will increase much higher than 51 percent. Only 16 percent risk increase for the people who eat low saturated fat and take statins(“Dietary saturated fat linked to aggressive prostate cancer. Reuters Health Medical News, 7 Oct. 2016. ). A healthy body has to achieve a better balance of fatty acids in the diet. To balance the fatty acids in diet, by taking less Achieving a better balance of fatty acids in the diet, by taking less of saturated fats and cholesterol. Therefore, it reduce the chance of getting diseases.

The American Heart Association recommends about “5 percent saturated fat” of 2000 calories for people, which about “11-13 grams of saturated fat”per day(Know Your Fats. Retrieved December 17, 2016, from http://www. heart. rg/HEARTORG/Conditions/Cholesterol/PreventionTreatmentofHighCholesterol/Know-Your-Fats_UCM_305628_Article. jsp#. WFdR7BsrKUl). Saturated fat is the fat has negative effect on human body but, there is a fat that has positive effect. Which is the unsaturated fat, the opposite of the saturated fat. Unsaturated fat has the positive effect to human body, also known as good fat. Unlike saturated fat, unsaturated fat is liquid at room temperature. Unsaturated fat is found in the foods such as soy, many nuts, olive oil, and canola product (Fat intake. ” World of Sports Science, edited by K.

Lee Lerner and Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, Gale, 2007. ) . But unsaturated fat also can found in fish. Unsaturated fat contain the fatty acids to absorb the Vitamins A, E, and D into the body. Unsaturated fat helps to reduced chance of getting various cancers. Unsaturated fat increase the HDL, known as the “good” cholesterol. Which helps to reduce the bad cholesterol so that increase the protection to the cardiovascular system. The American Heart Association recommends about 25 to 35 percents of 2000 calories, which is about 40 to 62 grams of unsaturated fat per day.

People who eat right amount of unsaturated fat is less likely to get kidney disease than unhealthy eater. Unsaturated fat has two subdivision, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat. Polyunsaturated fat provide essential fatty acids protective to human heart. Polyunsaturated fat provides nutrients to maintain and develop body’s cell, also polyunsaturated fat provide vitamin E. Vitamin E is an antioxidant vitamin most people need more of (. Hyder, Joseph P. “Food Bans. ” Food: In Context, edited by Brenda Wilmoth Lerner and K. Lee Lerner, vol. 1, Gale, 2011, pp. 312-315. ).

Polyunsaturated fat contributes essential fat, that your body needs buy can not produce by itself. Such as omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids, they are important and beneficial to many functions in the body. Especially, the function of central nervous system and the reduction of low density cholesterol. Monounsaturated fat is similar to polyunsaturated fat both, are healthy fats. Monounsaturated fat can found in all foods but abundant monounsaturated can be found in canola oil, olive oil, nuts,and avocados. People who consumes food in high monounsaturated fat will decrease HDL values(Fat, body fat measurements. 2007).

In World of Anatomy and Physiology. Gale. ). On the other hands it may raise high-density lipoprotein. Women who consumes Monounsaturated fat will has a reduction of getting breast cancer than those who does not consume(Psaltopoulou, T. , Kosti, R. I. , Haidopoulos, D. , Dimopoulos, M. , & Panagiotakos, D. B. (2011). Olive oil intake is inversely related to cancer prevalence: a systematic review and a meta-analysis of 13800 patients and 23340 controls in 19 observational studies. Lipids in Health and Disease, 10, 127. ) . Trans fat, also known as trans fatty acid and the most undesirable fat.

Trans fat is extremely rare in nature food, usually similar to saturated fat. Tran fat do not provide much nutritional value to system of the body unlike the healthy fats. Similar to the saturated fat, trans fat contributes the low density cholesterol in the bloodstream. Trans fat increase the risk of coronary heart disease more than any other types of fat. Trans fat can be nature and industrially, the foods that produce by industry must have more Trans fat than the natural foods. Consuming high trans fat has no benefit to human body instead, it will increase LDL cholesterol and decrease the HDL cholesterol like the saturated fat.

Also, increase in blood lipoprotein and triglycerides. High trans fat in diet also can increase the risk of type 2 diabetes. New England Journal of Medicine in 2006 shows that 2 percent increase in calorie intake from trans fats can increase risk of heart disease by more than 23 percent (Aldridge, Susan. “Hydrogenated Fats and Trans Fats. ” Food: In Context, edited by Brenda Wilmoth Lerner and K. Lee Lerner, vol. 1, Gale, 2011, pp. 475-477. ). Industrial trans fat shown increase healthy risks more than naturally occurring trans fats.

So, many places limit or completely ban trans fat from all commercial food products, including fats foods. Trans fat is plays a useless role in human diet and removing trans fat will benefit health. Consuming 5 grams of trans fat daily can cause “25% increase in the risk of ischemic heart disease”, and American consumes an average of 5. 8 grams daily (Jenkins, Sharron K. , et al. “Are fast food ‘trans-fat’ claims true? An infraspec VFA-IR spectrometer analysis of trans-fat content in fast food French fried potatoes. ” Proceedings of the Indiana Academy of Science, vol. 121, no. , 2013, p. 8+. ).

That is over exceeded amount of trans fat intake. To reduce the risk of disease,the American Heart Association recommends to eat less than 2 grams of trans fat a day. Because the trans fat has no benefits to human body and increase the health risks, many health organizations and governments wanted to reduce tran fat and industrial trans fat. In addition, to teaching the people about reducing the amount of fast food, fried foods, packaged snack foods and baked goods to eat. In conclusion, food is important to human, which provide energy to make human body functions.

Food is the essential thing for any living creature to survive not just only human. Food contain two types of energy, long-term and short-termed. Fat is the long long-term energy and carbohydrate is the short-term energy which is sugar. All kinds of food contain fat and fat can be beneficial and harmful to human. There are three type of fat that food contains, saturated fat, unsaturated fat and trans fat. Saturated fat and trans fat are solid form in the room temperature. In the opposite, unsaturated fat is the liquid form in the room temperature. The foods that contain either trans fat or saturated fat have no beneficial to human.

Instead, it will increase the LDL cholesterol (bad cholesterol) and decrease the HDL cholesterol (good cholesterol). Also, consuming excess amount of trans fat and saturated fat will increase of getting the heart diseases and other type of cancers. Saturated fat mainly is the animal fat and trans fat can be found in many foods buy usually in fried and baked foods. In the other hands, unsaturated fat is the good fat. Consuming right amount of unsaturated fat which decrease the LDL cholesterol and increase the HDL cholesterol.

Also, unsaturated fat can be found in soy, many nuts, live oil, and canola product and unsaturated fat can reduce chance of getting various cancers. Unsaturated fat has two subdivision, polyunsaturated and monounsaturated fat. Both of these two fats are benefit to our health. According the American Heart Association, people should eat about 25 to 35 percents of 2000 calories, which is about 40 to 62 grams of unsaturated fat daily. The saturated fat and trans fats are harmful and no beneficial to human body so, people should take as least as possible in order to get a healthy body. The foods contain unsaturated fat and less saturated fat is the healthy food.

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