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History of Michigan

Gold dust and silver nuggets B) human scalps taken from rival tribes and then used to trade for other goods C) furs (especially beaver, otter, fox and sable) D) feathers from birds like eagles, hawks and herons . According to Henry Rowe Schoolmate (a lifetime observer of Michigan Indians), what was MOST responsible for causing the gradual decline of the Native American population in the Great Lakes region? A) their addiction to tobacco B) their growing addiction to alcohol C) armed conflicts with white men D) the devastating effects of diseases like smallpox and measles 6. N the final twenty-five years of the twentieth century, the economic outlook for Michigan Indian tribes began to improve significantly. On July 4, 1984, a number of Michigan tribes began to benefit financially from what? A) free allege scholarships offered by the federal government to all Native American children who had graduated from high school B) unrestricted fishing on the Great Lakes C) casino gambling D) reparations (cash payments) from the federal government as compensation for broken treaties and other offenses committed by the U.

S. In the past 7 France, Rupee’s wealthiest and most populous nation, did not enter the race to establish colonies in the New World until 1522. Spurred by accounts of Magellan success in circling the globe, the French sought to become the first European nation to discover what? A) the fabled “Seven Cities of Gold” B) the Northwest Passage-?a water route across America that would provide a shortcut to the spice-rich Orient C) the source of the Mississippi River D) the Fountain of Youth 8. M 1523, what Italian navigator sailed under the French flag and explored the North American coast from Virginia to Newfoundland? A) America Vesuvius B) Christopher Columbus C) Giovanni De Overgraze D) Marco Polo 9. Capon arriving in Canada in 1541, French explorer Jacques Carrier’s men discovered what appeared to be gold and diamonds. Eager to get news of this great discovery back to the King, Carrier filled two ships with the treasure and sent them to France. What had Carrier’s men actually found?

A) the gold was actually copper and the diamonds were quartz B) the gold was actually iron pyrite (“fool’s gold”) and the diamonds Were mica C) TRICK QUESTION: the gold was real and so were the diamonds D) the gold was actually silver and the diamonds were amethyst 10. Although King Francis of France decided in 1 540 to establish a permanent French colony in Canada, this first attempt failed for three reasons: bad weather, constant harassment from hostile Indians, and a government back home in France that was distracted by what? A) internal religious struggles B) the French Revolution

C) a slave uprising in the Caribbean D) a war with England 1 1 -In 1 609, Samuel De Champlain and two companions assisted the Huron Indians in a fight with the Mohawk Indians that became known as the Battle of Ticonderoga. The actions of the French in this battle caused a powerful ally of the Mohawk to forever after view the French as an enemy. What tribe was the Mohawk’ powerful ally? A) Iroquois B) Sioux C) Ottawa D) Delaware 12. An 1661, King Louis CSV’s chief minister, Jean Baptists Collect, sought to import furs from France’s colony in the New World, as well as use it as a source for “naval stores. What are “naval stores? A) mercantile (retail) establishments where colonists could purchase a boat or ship B) mercantile establishments set up especially for naval officers and sailors C) raw materials (trees, tar, turpentine, iron, etc. ) that could be used to build ships D) large warehouses and docks where naval ships could be tied up when not in use 13. Between 1665-1670, Jean Talon was the first and perhaps greatest INTENDING (an administrator, similar to a governor)ever to serve in New France.

Talon planned to increase the colony’s population and make it economically self-sufficient by providing colonists with free transportation ND free land. In addition, Talon also brought nearly 1,000 what to the colony? A) horses, to be used for farming B) “King’s Daughters”–orphan girls and daughters of poor families in search of husbands and a new life C) Musketeers–professional soldiers trained in the use of muskets D) “King’s boys and sons of poor families in search of wives and a new life 14. Why did Jean Baptists Collect want to restrict the fur trade in New France in 1 661?

A) he feared it would draw all the healthy young men away from their farming activities B) he realized that the market in Europe and Asia was becoming glutted with furs and the entire industry would soon collapse C) he realized that most of the fur-bearing animals in Canada had been nearly hunted and trapped to extinction D) he wanted to drive up prices by reducing the number of furs that were available for export 15. Rene Robert Cavalier, Easier De La Sale, built a shipyard above Niagara Falls where he constructed the first European-style ship to sail on the Great Lakes.

In 1679 he set sail across Lake Erie and reached the Detroit River. What was the name of La Sale’s ship? A) Golden Hind B) Discovery C) L ‘Ocean D) Griffin 16. While England and France had been at war three times be;en 648-1748, the Michigan area had never been seriously affected; but this all changed with the outbreak of what war? A) Hundred Years’ War B) Queen Ann.’s War C) French and Indian War (known in Europe as the Seven Years’ War) D) War of the Roses 17. Please match each term below with the correct definitions. A.

General Edward Bradford – A British commander who was sent from England with 1500 men to fight the French during the French & Indian War. (He disregarded advice from colonial military men and was killed with 977 of his men on July 9, 1755. ) B. Ribbon farms – Land grants given by Antoine Cadillac. Each individual plot was usually 400-600 feet wide x 1 1/2 to 3 miles in length and fronted the Detroit River. C. Major Robert Rogers – British officer who accepted the surrender of Fort Panchromatic from French Captain François De Belletrist on November 29, 1 760, thus ending French rule in Michigan. D.

Quebec – First permanent French settlement in the New World (founded in 1608). E. Seigneurs – Areas of land operated under the rules of feudalism in New France. (A F-ranch noble divided small parcels of land along the SST. Lawrence river among farmers to settle. ) F. Montreal – Modern city located on he site Of an Indian village called Hoagland. 18. NNE Of the most SUCCessfUl French missionaries ever to come to the region that is now Michigan became famous for paddling a canoe along the western and northern shores of Lake Michigan to Green Bay (Wisconsin) and back–and making the trip, not once, but twice.

In 1673, this missionary also became one of the first Europeans to see and explore the Mississippi River. What was his name? A) Father Jean De Buffer B) Father Joseph Electron C) Father Jacques Marquette D) Father Rene Meaner 19. Both England and France had different economic strategies for their colonies in North America. France sent mostly trappers and by 1750, New France had a population of about 50,000 people. England sought to tame the wilderness and create settlements that would be secure for women and children. How many people lived in the British colonies by 1750? A) 1 00,000 B) 1. 5 million C) 150,000 D) 500,000 20.

To help secure its hold on North America, France built a line of forts from the end of Lake Erie to the Ohio River. What young officer did Governor Identified of Virginia send into the Ohio Country with 1 00 men in what turned out to be an unsuccessful attempt to force the French to withdraw? A) “Mad” Anthony Wayne B) Alexander Hamilton C) George Washington D) Daniel Boone 21 . During the first year of the French and Indian War, the British found themselves losing ground to the French. In 1 756, the tide of the war changed when the new Prime Minister, William Pit, adopted a new strategy towards the French.

What did Pit do? A) order British troops to invade Paris in hopes Of toppling the King and ending the war B) attached French interests all over the globe so that France would be forced to concentrate less attention on North America C) convinced Spain to join forces with Britain and drive the French out of North America D) convince France’s Indian allies to switch sides ND fight with the British instead 22. An 1759, French rule in North America ended when a British force under General James Wolfe defeated the French army commanded by General Louis Montanan. The battle took place on the Plains of Abraham outside what city?

A) Quebec B) Montreal C) Buffalo D) Ottawa 23. By 1980, 49% of Michigan Indian households were near or below the national poverty line. According to our textbook, “much of this poverty was a direct result Of A) High levels Of unemployment. B) Lack of transportation. C) Lack of interest. D) No access to available child care. 24. What was the most noteworthy aspect of Potawatomie social culture? A) polygamy B) human sacrifice C) ritualistic scarification D) polyandry 25. What term describes the network of waterways linked by portages that French voyageurs established across the wilderness and mountainous areas of Canada?

A) Northwest Passage B) El Camino Real (“Road of the King” C) fur artery D) Land of Lakes 26. An the sass-1 sass, French adventurers went deep in the backwoods of North America to trade with various Indian tribes for furs. These men lived with native peoples, adopted their lifestyles and dress, and often married Indian women. These adventurers were called: A) conquistadors B) Cooers De Bois C) cavaliers D) Cadillac’s AAAS illustrated in the Powering on Native Americans, what Indian invention allowed the Iroquois to fight during the winter months when the snow was deep?

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