The beliefs of this time resulted in extremely high infant mortality rates as children were forced into 2 hour work days by the mere age of 7 (Icy-net. Org, 2015). This connotation between children and economic worth also triggered the practice of child theft only to be used workers (Stuart, 2013, p. 25). During the sass’s, people started moving into the larger towns and cities resulting in the industrialization era. The growing cities needed more workers and children were a readily available resource for these harsh conditions (Icy-net. Rig, 2015). However, in 1 793, an English legislation was introduced which provided punishment to masters who mistreated their young apprentices. Sadly, many did not know about this introduction or were too scared to speak out (Icy- net. Org, 2015). Fortunately, the 1 ass’s also gave rise to the first orphanages which hired lay staff to work directly with the children (Ashland, 2006, p. 3). By 1 739, the renowned Founding Hospital had been established by Thomas Coral after he realized the shocking numbers of abandoned children.
The hospital acted as a type of foster care. The asses gave rise to many pioneers who changed the thinking on childcare (Stuart, 2013, p. 23). One particular inner whose work is still continued today is that of Charles Lording Brace, the founder of the Children’s Aid Society. In 1853, the only form of ‘social service’ for children came from asylums and almshouses. Brace had a radical theory to help poor children; his ideas were to do as much as possible to help poor and abandoned, homeless children (Kaleidoscopically. Rig, 2015). Brace believed that “the answers to transforming New Work’s orphans and street children into self-reliant members of society were gainful work, education, and a wholesome family atmosphere” (Kaleidoscopically. Rig, 2015). His work has benefited millions of children throughout the years. In 1853 he orchestrated the “orphan train movement” which took children Off the streets and placed them with farm families. This movement is seen as what prompted foster care in the United States.
Between the years 1853 and 1929 an estimated over 1 50 DO abandoned children were taken off the streets and moved by train to families and farms throughout the United States (Kaleidoscopically. Org, 2015). Between 1 854 and 1862 the Children’s Aid had opened the doors of both sys and girls lodging houses for those who had no home. By 1864 an Industrial school for boys had been opened which included morning school and an afternoon carpentry class. In 1874 the Aid has seen the success of 21 day schools as well as 13 night schools equipped with nurses as well as physicians (Kaleidoscopically. Rig, 2015). Throughout the years, the Children’s Aid has spread and is today knows worldwide for its efforts to help abandoned children find a home and get an education. Despite the 20th Century being dubbed the ‘century of the child’, the aftermath of WI saw a deed for the increase in child safety (Stuart, 201 3, p. 35). Economically times were tough and jobs that children previously occupied were now being taken over by adults resulting in an increase in the age of compulsory education.
It Was now starting to be seen that childhood and adolescence Were well defined stages of life (Stuart, 2013, p. 53). In the latter half of the sass’s, the care of children was starting to be recognized as a profession. In 1 984 the Child and Youth Care Association of Alberta made available the certification of Child Care Counselor Training and Certification Program and made it available to non-profit organizations (Stuart, 2013, p. 41). In 1974 the Child Care Workers Association of Ontario petitioned for legislation to require suitable qualifications in order to practice Child and Youth Care work.
And finally by 1 976 in Ontario, a set curriculum was enforced for Child Care Work. Within the United States, a Child and Youth Care Learning Centre was established in 1979 (Stuart, 2013, p. 41). Up until the 21st Century, North America continued to push Child and Youth Care into a professional light. The effort to gain professionalisms according to Stuart (2013) consists of “3 distinct aspects, the development of education and training programs, certification of practitioners and the demand for evidence based practice” (p. 3). There is a massive contrast to the protection of children in today’s society compared to 200 years ago. Hundreds of acts protecting children and their rights have been implemented to ensure safety, housing and education. Today a great deal of attention is paid into maintaining a link between the available helping services and the child’s family to ensure the success of integration into normal environments (Icy-net. Org, 2015). As the 31st US president, Herbert Hoover said, “children are our most valuable resource”.