The Parliament of Australia apologizes for the indignity and request accepts of the apology, so a step into a new future can be taken; a future that embraces all Australians and were the injustices of the past must never happen again. Rude talks about a future where the gap between the Indigenous and non-lounges should be closed and ends the speech by saying he would like a future based on mutual respect and responsibility and where all Australians, whatever their origins, are truly equal.
Composition This speech is well set out with a clear composition and also a clear line between the opening, body and the closing. The first 30 seconds of a speech are most important, it’s here where the speaker needs to grab the audience’s attentions, and create an engagement and interest to what one is going to speak about. Kevin Rude is giving an intro in 6 lines which lasts exact 30 seconds. He starts out mentioning positive words about the indigenous people of Australia: ‘Today we honor the Indigenous peoples of this land, the oldest continuing cultures in human history. It brings a kind of proud feeling in both Australians and the indigenous people. In the 30 minutes of speech he managed to mention all the main point in his speech. 1. The Australians need to think about what happened in the past 2. That the parliaments of Australia feel very sorry about the past 3. The parliament needs to make it good again, and focus on a better future for all Australians The body contains a long apology to Australia’s indigenous people; it’s the longest part in the speech and by that the apology is given a huge importance.
It’s in the body all Rudder’s arguments appear as well. He sets up the body of the speech by formulating a number of points, however he also manages to keep it simple, it’s not overwhelming with countless points, but it got a perfect length tit perfectly considered points. The opening is very similar to the closing of his speech. The closing is what sets in the audience’s minds the most, because this is generally the only content which an ordinary person would remember later on.
So the closing must contain some of the speaker’s strongest material. Rude is using the closing of his speech as an opportunity to: Summarize the main points of his speech He leaves his audience with positive memories of (the/his) speech “A future where all Australians, whatever their origins, are truly equal partners, with equal opportunities and with an equal stake in shaping the next chapter in the history of this great country, Australia. ” He ends with a final thought, and creating a positive emotion, with well wishes to Australia’s future. A future where all Australians, whatever their origins, are truly equal partners, with equal opportunities and with an equal stake in shaping the next chapter in the history of this great country, Australia. ” Rhetorical techniques Rude is in the speech using a very simple language; it’s not filled with difficult words or terms. It’s a language which is understandable to every English speaking person. This message is relating to every single person in Australia, and that’s why he might have chosen to use an easy language every Australian can understand, and specifically so everyone understands the message clearly.
Rude is in contrast to the easy language still using several rhetorical techniques. The following samples are from the whole speech of 30 minutes. Metaphor: “the time has come for the nation to turn a new page in Australia’s history” “write this new chapter in our nation’s story together. ” “to open a new chapter in the history of this great land” “shaping the next chapter in the history of this great country, Australia. This blemished chapter in our nation’s history. ” If we take a look on the metaphoric use, they are all about pages and chapters, as if it was some kind of a book.
They are used to picture the scenarios he describes, in that way the audience would get more interested in the speech as well as they will get more interacted as they get those images and feelings of turning a new blanch page. “to close the gap that lies between us” “it is offered as part of the healing of the nation. ” If we look at the metaphors in the beginning of the speech, we again see some coherence between them. These metaphors are about healing the nation and closing gaps. “Gaps” are regularly huge holes; therefore it’s kind of obvious that the distance between the Australians and the aboriginal is huge as well. Healing” is used to describe critical medical situations so also the use of the word “healing” indicates the level of damage in the Australian society because of the past. Repetition: “we say sorry” “l am sorry’ “mutual”‘ “Decency, human decency, universal human decency,” moreover, for our nation, the course of action is clear, and therefore, for our people, the course of action is clear” These repetitions make the content stronger, it’s supposed to be noticed more than the other things, and it gives an impression of that he really means it, for instant when he feel sorry.
But all these repetition are primarily used when describing how sorry Rude and the parliament are, in the same way as he uses repetition when he describes the potentially perfect future. It is noticeable that he isn’t using them when he talks about the past, and that’s interesting, because it shows that he doesn’t want to focus on the past, but rather lays all the focus on the apology and the future. Emotive language: “the pain, suffering and hurt” “The pain is searing; it screams from the pages. He uses emotive language when describing the aboriginals’ suffering, this is what is creating tears in the audience eyes. Also it is giving a bad conscience in the Australian. As mentioned he is not only apologizing to the aboriginals but also the Australians who still can’t accept the aboriginals as humans beings but as some creatures or animals. He uses emotive language at this point, and holds off from it when speaking about the future and in the apology as well. Rude is a qualified speaker as he knows which techniques to use were.
Because Personification: ‘These stories cry out to be heard; they cry out for an apology. ‘ Alliteration: “the time for denial, the time for delay’ Use of words: past contra future He doesn’t use adjectives, which make the whole situation milder than it actually should be. The apologizing got a huge space in the speech; however it doesn’t feel like that. Even his body language in the video reveals that he might be cool about the full issue from the past. When one apologizes from the heart and really means it, they wouldn’t look down in the papers for keyword, it’s like aging the feelings away from the speech.
If he used his body language and face expression a little more, and detached more from his notes it would give a more fulfilled speech with more feelings from the audience as well. His face expressions don’t change at all throughout the speech. This would be a good quality if it was a political speech with logos and ethos arguments. This is an apology full of pathos arguments, when the speech is this emotional it is contrasting to his appearance, his speech is touchy but he doesn’t seem like that. When Kevin Rude brings up the future in the speech his voice increases and intensifies.
According to the speech visualizes Rude a future Australia that embraces all Australians: Indigenous and non-lounges. He visualizes a new plank chapter where the coming history of a great continent can be written. A chapter full of stories of equal opportunities in such as educational achievement, life expectancy and economical, where the gab between the Indigenous and the non-lounges has disappeared. A chapter full of mutual respect for towards each other and a mutual responsibility towards Australia.
As mentioned does Kevin Rude intensify his speech when he talks about the future. These intensifying words he uses in the end of the speech, give the impression that he would rather talk about the future that the past. The intensifying words he mostly uses in the end of the speech is mutual, equal and all Australians. The three words is a good summing up of what Rude visualize for the future. He wants mutual respect, equal opportunities and an Australia were the inhabitants are not referred to as the Indigenous and the non-lounges. Reconciliation” “… To remove a great stain from the nations soul and, in a true spirit of reconciliation, to open a new chapter in the history of this great land, Australia. The word could be understood as the correct meaning. He wants to unite the two cultures in one country, Australia. The future “A future where we harness the determination of all Australians, indigenous and non-indigenous, to close the gap that lies between us in life expectancy, educational achievement and economic opportunity.
A future where we embrace the possibility of new solutions to enduring problems where old approaches have failed. ” The whole idea of the speech is to apologize to Australia’s Indigenous for the way they were treated. Kevin Rude apologizes for the way the successive Australian overspent forced the Indigenous’ children to be removed from their homes and families to go live a life they had not chosen for themselves, but other had chosen for them. The children were forced to live a life full of discipline, which could only, according to the non-lounges, be learned by hard work and beating.
According to the Australian government back in the beginning of the 19th century, was this not a punishment but a privilege: they did do the children a favor. Rude says in the speech that is was wrong of the Australian government to remove the children and control their lives. As mentioned did the at the time Australian government just want to help the children, and Rude and the existing Australian government just want to help them too. But the way Rude says the Australian government can help them, could be seen and understood as a degradation.
According to Rude is a good and privileged life, a life with educational achievement, life expectancy and a good economic. Rude says it like the Indigenous has not yet been apply to achieve and education, life expectancy or a good economic, by them selves, but if the Australian government helped, this could become a reality for them. Rude also wants the Indigenous to be more integrated in the society and this could also become a reality if they got some help and wanted to co-operate with the non-lounges. The last line of the quotation of the speech Rude is talking about “… Embrace the possibility of new solutions to enduring problems where old approaches have failed”. All people in the world, including Rude and the existing government have seen how wrong it can go, if you want to decide and control what is best for other humans and their lives. But even though the government does not want to endure problem as they id back then, they are kind of doing the exactly same thing one more time, by having the feeling that they know what is best for the Indigenous and wanting to decide and control what the Indigenous should do with your life.
Reasons: 1. In the speech Kevin Rude apologizes for the following: For the mistreatment of those who were in the Stolen Generations. For the laws and policies of successive Parliaments and governments that have inflicted profound grief, suffering and loss on their fellow Australians. For the removal of Aboriginal and Tortes Strait Islander children from their families, heir communities and their country. For the pain, suffering and hurt of the children in the Stolen Generations, their descendants and for their families left behind.
To the mothers and the fathers, the brothers and the sisters, for the breaking up of families and communities. It seems like Rude apologizes for a lot in his speech, he apologizes no more than five times, but it is utterly the same thing he apologizes for: He apologizes for the mistreatment of the children and their families who lived in and during the Stolen Generations. He just does it in different ways. Words that stand out in the apologies and could be analyzed are mistreatment, our fellow Australians, left behind and communities.
The reason why we think these word stands out, is because even though Rude talks about the mistreatment of the aboriginals in the 19th century, it could also seem like an apology to the aboriginals who live in Australia today. Many non-lounges still see the aboriginals as inferior and underprivileged and a disadvantage to the community. They do not treat the aboriginals with mutual respect. He does not one time in the speech say that Australia already have mutual respect or equal opportunities, but only that he hopes for it in the future.
This could indicate that the mistreatment not only took place fifty years ago but still takes place today. He talks about the Indigenous like they are the part of the Australian inhabitants that have been left behind and now they have to be taking care about so they can be a part of the Australian society. He especially emphasizes that the Indigenous are ‘their fellow Australians” in the apology speech, like he wants to make sure that the government wants them to be a part of ‘their” world.