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Westward Movement, American Civil War

First, Westward Movement could of led to American Civil War because of the Louisiana Purchase, Wilmont Proviso, Kansas-Nebraska Act, Popular Sovereignity, Compromise of 1850, Missouri Compromise, “Bleeding Kansas”, California Gold Rush, Manifest Destiny, and the Mistreatment of Native Americans. The Louisiana Purchase was done by President Jefferson because he wanted to doubled the size of the United States and to get control of New Orleans. Wilmont Proviso was to ban slaves from territories that might gbe aquired from Mexico.

Kansas- Nebraska Act was the result of Douglas wanting to build ailroads from Chicago to San Franciso. Douglas was a big believer in popular sovereignity, where the people have the right to decide if they want to be free of slave state, and he completely ignore the Missoure Compromise. The Compromise of 1850 stated that should be equal number of free and slave states. The Missouri Compromise said that any state above the latitude of 36 30′ can not be a slave state. “Bleeding Kansas” was where people were fighting over the issue of slavery and cost many American Lives.

The California Gold Rust occurred when gold was discovered in California and people rushed out to California. When California apply for statehood, it cause huge problems because North and the South wanted control of the gold in the state. Manifest Destiny was where Americans believe that they had the right to expand westward. The Treatment of Native Americans was hoorible because Americans believe they were superior to the Native Americans. All these issues seperated the North form the South because each side a different view on each issue.

Westward Movement could of led to the Civil War, but did not because of Henry Clay. When the Westward Movemet occurred new states started to enter the union. This is where the promblems begins. Missouri was the first state, other than Louisiana, to enter the union from the Louisiana Purchase and will give impications on the status of slavery west of the Mississippi. If Missouri enter the union as a free state, then the North will get control of the House of Representatives because they would have more representatives. If Missouri enter the union as slave, the South will get control over the House.

Henry Clay saw this issue cause a huge tension between the North and South, so he came up with the Missouri Compromise. The Missouri Compromise stated that any states above he latitude of 36 30′ must be free states. Missoure enter as slave state and to even the number of slave and free, Maine also entered the union as a free state. Both North and South agreed to this and by doing so Henry Clay helped the United States from a civil war. Second, Social Change could led to the Civil War because of Educational Changes, Women’s Rights Movement, Prohibiton, and the Abolitionist Movement.

The Educational Movement was led by Horace Mann of Massachusetts. Mann worked for the establishment of a state board of education and for taxes to local schools. Women’s Rights Movement stood for equality among the two sexes. Seneca Falls Convention was held by women for men to see that women should have equal rights. Women in the South felt the same way, but they knew the men in the South did not feel the same way as they did. Sojourner Truth, who was a Women’s Rights activist and ex-slave, became famous when sh delievered a speech entitled “Ain’t I a Women”.

The powerful speech rally women to fight for their rights. Dorthea Dix a woman her time to publicizing the inhumane treatment prevailing in prisons, almshouses, and unsane houses. As a result, 15 states opened new hospitals for the insane and others improved their supervision of penitentiaries, asylums, and poorhouses. Prohibiton deals with the banning of alcohol . Religious groups consider drinking alcohol is a sin and women being abuse rosed. Poverity and crime rose, so the Anti-Saloon League was formed. It was organize in Ohio by women, who marched to saloons to make them give up their businesses.

Abolitionist Movement stated with the Quarkers, who thought it was a sin to own slaves. Frederick Douglass, who a runaway slave, became one of the most ffective voices aganist slavery. He started the Nortstar, which brought the cruelities of slavery to the attention of the North. William Lloyd Garrison published the Liberator, which started the antislavery moverment, in Boston. The Dred Scot Case was where a slave from Missouri went to Wisconsin and got married. The court had to decide if was Scott was a slave or free man. “Uncle Tom’s Cabin” written by Harriet Breecher tells about the mistreatment of slaves in the South.

Social Change could of led to the Civil War by the Women’s Rights Movement, Prohibition, and Abolitionists’ Movemnt, but did not because the ideas were consider too radical at the time. The Women’s Rights Movemet did nothing to separate the Norh from the South. Men in the North and the South belived it was too extreme for women to have equal rights because they thought women as nothing more than child barriers and housekeepers. Prohibition was an idea that alcohol should be illegal because it ruin many home lives of Americans. Women were abuse by their drunk husbands and as result battered women spoke out.

Prohibiton did o separate the North and South because the majority of the men from both sides loved alcohol too much to listen. Abolitionists’ Movement not gain any support from big cities up North. So how can the issue of slavery suppose to separate the North from the South when they can not even gain support from the North? Garrison, who wrote the Liberator, was mobbed in the streets of Boston and almost lynched. In New York City, the Tappan brothers often recieved threats because they supported a massive effort to print and distribute antislavery pamphets through the U. S. mails. Citizens of New York Ciy consider them as dangerous radicals.

These ideas did not separate the North from the South, but as least the ideas were out for the people to know about. Third, Foreign Policy dealt with U. S. policies over foreign countries. After the American Revolution, the Americans were still allies with France. In 1793, France declared on Great Britain and wanted aid from the United States, considering the French helped the Americans defeat the British. Americans stayed neutral, but the British closed French ports to neutral ships.

As a result, the Americans signed a treaty with Britain called Jay’s Treaty to remain neutral. The Americans disgusted the French, so in 1797 French privateers seized more than 300 American vessels. Pinckney, Marshall, and Gerry were sent to get compensation for the seized ships and to get out of being allies with France. Talleyrand, the foreign minister, wanted 250,000 if they wanted to negotiate. Americans did not want pay and the Americans left France. American’s commercial relationship with France was suspended and Americans strengthens military and aval forces.

In 1799, French agreed to end being allies and removed the commercial suspension. The Embargo of 1807 was the result of Britain and France not respecting the United States being neutral. United States declared war on the Barbary Pirates from Northern Africa from 1801 to 1805 because of the robbing of American trade ships. The War of 1812 was between the United States and Britain. New Englanders did not cooperate with the war effort. The Tariff of 1828 put haeavy taxsion on manufactured goods. The tariff hurted the South more than the North.

Foreign Policy could led to the Civil War but did not becaused at the time United States was still a young and wanted to stay as one nation. The incident between the United States and France in 1797-1799 greatly divided the leaders of the United States. Jefferson, who was in favor of the French, and Hamilton, who was not , disagreed on to support during war between Britain and France, but both did not want to see the nation they fought for so hard to be destroy in twenty years. The bad relationship between the United States and France only separated the politicals leaders and the entire country.

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