Titanic Research History Paper
Both ships ere built to be unsinkable. Both ships sank after striking an iceberg. Both ships were on their maiden voyage. The most well to do famous people were on the Titan and Titanic. Only one third of the passengers on each ship survived. Both ships had an inadequate number of lifeboats. Both ships were encouraged to break speed records during their voyage(Red Ice Creation). The Titanic was traveling at about 23 miles per hour when she struck the iceberg.
In less than 10 seconds her hull was ripped opened below the waterline on the starboard (right hand) side for a length of 300 feet. Within 10 minutes the ship’s five forward compartments were flooded 14 feet above the keel(The Discovery of The Titanic, 23). Over a century has sailed by since the luxurious ship, ARMS Titanic sank at the end of the North Atlantic ocean. More than 1500 people lost their lives and few hundred luckily survived(Encyclopedia Titanic). This story has fascinated millions and millions of people around the world up to today because it made a huge Fiftieth 2 impact.
For decades, people have wondered, if the Titanic was said to be the “unsinkable’ ship, why did it sink? What went wrong? Whose alt was it? Over the course of many decades, they have gotten their answer using new technology that wasn’t available during 1912. So in order to fix this problem to insure it won’t happen again, changes had to be made. 3 ways that changed after the sinking was the maritime laws of having enough lifeboats for every passenger, 24 hour radio, and international ice patrol. First thing that changed was the lifeboats.
The British committee s plan for revising lifeboat regulations were much more detailed. Lifeboat accommodation on passenger ships would be based on the projected number of assigners to be carried, rather than tonnage, and such accommodations would be considered independently of the subdivision of the ship into watertight components(Encyclopedia Titanic). In special cases where the Board of Trade believed the provision of lifeboats for all on board to be impractical, requirements would be altered accordingly(Encyclopedia Titanic).
This involved changing the sizes and types of lifeboats on board, changing the manners of stowing them, or setting aside an entire deck to the storage of lifeboats and the drilling of the Illustrated History, 63). All lifeboats would be fitted with a protective fender or bumper, to prevent damage when being lowered. In addition, the committee proposed that the Board of Trade be empowered to require that one or more lifeboats be fitted with some form of mechanical propulsion I. E. An engine(Titanic:An Illustrated History, 64).
All lifeboats would be on board before any ship commenced a voyage, and be equipped with lamps and pyrotechnics for signaling, as well as compasses and provisions; they would also be marked to easily indicate the maximum capacity of adult individuals when being lowered(Encyclopedia Titanic). Finally, the committee recommended that Board of Trade Fiftieth 3 inspection of lifeboats should be more strict and searching in the future. The British inquiry committee also made a number of recommendations for the conduct of lifeboat drills.
They proposed that if a ship did not carry enough deckhands to sufficiently man all the lifeboats, other members of the crew should be trained and tested in boat work to take up the slack. In this light, the committee recommended that steps be taken to encourage boys to train in the merchant service(Encyclopedia Titanic). More frequent lifeboat drills should be conducted; in all ships a lifeboat drill, a fire drill, and a watertight door drill should conducted as soon as possible upon leaving port, and then again during the voyage at convenient intervals lasting no longer than a week.
All this should be recorded in the ships log. Before allowing a ship to leave port, the Board of Trade should be satisfied that all requirements had been met and that each officer of the ship knew the plan for efficiently working the lifeboats(Encyclopedia Titanic). The second thing that was changed was the 24 hour radio and distress sockets. Mass confusion in communications concerning the loss of the Titanic prompted American officials to call for more regulation of wireless operations both shipboard and landmasses(Modesto Radio Museum).
Citing the glaring need for the regulation of wireless, the American inquiry committee into the Titanic disaster made several recommendations in their final report that would become part of the Radio Act of 1912. It was recommended that an operator be on duty at all times so that any and all messages could be received. Direct communication should be established between he wireless room and the bridge by means of a telephone, voice tube, or messenger(Modesto Radio Museum). Auxiliary power sources should be installed to keep the wireless working at all times.
Legislation should be introduced to prevent amateur operators from interfering in official channels of communication, and steps taken to secure the privacy of Fiftieth 4 wireless messages. A bill was quickly proposed in Congress that would make the committee’s proposals law, and was passed as the Radio Act of 1912(Modesto Radio Museum). In addition n to the inquiry committee recommendations, the Radio Act stated that all wireless operators now had to be licensed and adhere to certain bandwidths, while a large portion of the radio spectrum would be given over to the United States Navy for official use(Encyclopedia Titanic).
Amateurs would be allowed to listen to any transmissions, but not broadcast any of their own messages on any wavelength save for the shortest ones, which were considered useless(Encyclopedia Titanic). Last area of maritime law that the Titanic disaster helped to change was that concerning navigation in ice fields(Encyclopedia Titanic). Prior o the sinking of the Titanic, it had been forty years since any ship in the North Atlantic had suffered severe damage at the hands of an iceberg. Even then, there had been no loss of life.
In 1880, the Guenon Line s Arizona had struck an iceberg headed in dense fog, but the ship s collision bulkheads held, and the crew was able to guide the ship to a safe port at SST. John s, Newfoundland(Titanic: An Illustrated History, 87). In the aftermath of the Titanic, there was demand in both the United States and Britain for an ice patrol that would ensure the safety of the North Atlantic shipping lanes. An international the inference on the safety of life at sea met in London on November 12 , 1913(Titanic: An Illustrated History, 91).
This conference produced an agreement to establish a permanent ice the patrol in areas deemed the most dangerous to shipping, signed on January 20, 1914. On the February 7 , the United States Coast Guard assumed responsibility of running the International Ice Patrol (PIP). The patrol s functions are specifically outlined by both united States law and international treaties(Titanic: An Illustrated History, 91). Fiftieth 5 Lifeboats, 24 hour radio and distress rockets, and ice patrol were 3 of any things that were changed in the maritime law after the Titanic disaster.