How far did Henrys legal and financial reforms strengthen the power of the English monarchy? * Focus on key features of reform * Ensure balance given to both legal and Judicial * Consider how important were these reforms in maintaining and expanding royal power, esp.. After devolution of royal authority under Stephen Intro:- there was a necessity for reform (anarchy) -Briefly- Legal & financial reform -Themes: King as central authority strengthen his authority Why there was a need for reform?
Magna Cart – taxation only with Great Council’s consent * Understand how John began to act outside the law, I. E. Taxing whatever sum he anted, auctioning offices * Also may consider John’s failure to regain empire at Battle of Bovines June 2009 1. *How far did Henry II exercise effective control over his many territories? * Balance answer: England, firm control, Angelina territories, not so much * Appointment of court officials, Judges, traveling court * Did he do a fair Job? Take into account rebellions he faced, where were they? Were the rebels traditionally rebellious in nature? 2. How far did Richard Xi’s frequent absences from England damage the government of his country?
Understand difference between Richard damaging the gob, and Richards absences damaging gob * Consider how stable England remained despite Richard being absent, even with John and Philip scheming to put John in position of power January 2010 1. *Why was the crisis in Church-State relations so bitter in the years 1162-72? * Context: Henrys constant need to establish dominance over England * Becket as his yes-man, but turned on Henry, Personality clash between the two * Extent of jurisdiction of both Church and Crown conflicting, Gregorian Reforms to establish independence of Church 2. How far were Richard I and King John responsible for the collapse of English power in France? Richard stayed in France for rest of his reign after release from captivity, trying to fight off advances of Philip * Did John allow Philip to gain to large a foothold in France while Richard was locked up? * Most importantly, John alienating his allies in France, I. E. Louisiana, des Roaches, etc. Powerful barons who had previously supported him May 2010 1. To what extent did Henry restore the crown’s power over church and state during his reign? Consider Henrys key reforms, what did they do, why did he carry them out, what did they actually achieve * Balance their effectiveness, I. E. Success at legal and financial stuff, compared with impasse between Church and State, why was this so? 2.
How far do you agree that the weakness of royal finances was the main reason for the growth of opposition to King John? * What financial difficulties did John face, I. E. Richards ransom, loss of wealthy territory in France * At same time understand ability of England to generate large degrees of wealth, at expense of people; how did this, in turn, aggravate society? * Note that financial difficulties was not sole reason for the growth of opposition, took place alongside his personality problems, other flaws January 2011 1. To what extent did Henry strengthen the powers of the Crown in England?