Galicia, a historical and geographic region between Central and Eastern Europe
Galicia is located in the green northwestern part of Spain. If it was not for Santiago de Compestela, Galicia may not have been known as well as it is. As it is some os Galicia’s provinces are not even known to tourists, and probably will never be. Unlike the rest of Spain, Galicia looks much like Ireland. Which attracted the Celts during their exploration. The landscape is lush and filled with pine and eucalyptus. Galicia also has some of the best beaches in all of Spain. Gallegos (Galicia’s people) are very different from other Spanish people and seem to almost be a different race.
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They have a whiter pailer complextion, nd have blond hair. They are also different in the things that they do for entertainment. They don’t have any of the high-tech theatures, or the night life of Madrid. They are more interested in music, poetry, land, family, witchcraft, death, and superstition. They spend a lot of time thinking about things and why they are the way that they are. They usually are not prejudice to any outsiders, and willing listen to their ideas. People believe that many of these traits came from the Celts who came in 1000 B. C. and ruled until A. D. 137.
They seem to have many things in common with the Irish and the Scots because of this. Including a bagpipe-like instrument called a Gaita. The language of Galicia is different from the rest of Spain also, they speak a variation of Castillian which has some French tones as well as Portuguese. They have their own favorite foods also, which consist mainly of seafood. Some of their specialty dishes are: merluza (hake), cigalas (prawns), camarones (small shrimp). chipirones (little squid), langostines (crayfish), vieiras (scallops), percebes (goose baracles), and trout and other local fish.
Most of their dishes are served either in casseroles or broiled, or steamed, or rolled into crepes called empanadas. In the winter months, the dishes are served with meat instead of seafood. Usually the meat is rabbit, or game. Although ham, pork, and sausages are also served. Cheese is also another specialty of Galicia, a entire meal can be made up of just cheese, and not be boring! Many Gallegos have cheese and peasant bread for their lunchtime meal every day. For desserts, the Gallegos make excellant pastrys and sponge cakes, which are not found in any other part of Spain.
Wine is probably the greatest thing that Galicia has to offer to the world, often said to be one of the best wine makers of the world. Albarino is robably the best wine from Galicia, it is said to be Spains long awaited white- wine. It is one of the most interesting wines in Spain, and rapidly becoming one of the most expensive. The growing area for Albarino is around the town of cambados, on the Atlantic coast in the Pontevedra province. To be called Albarino, the wine must be made from 100% Albarino grapes. Albarino is a dry, elegant, acidy wine, and has a very flowery smell.
It is usually produced in small lot by Gallego artisans, which causes it to be so expensive. Not long ago it was limited to Galicia, but now a few businesses have begun to distribute it o other parts of Spain. Galicia is also known for its religious festivals and every parish has a festival for its patron saint once evey year. Since their are almost 4,000 parishes in Galicia you are very likely to be able to visit one when visiting. During these festivals, you can purchase crafts, talk to neighbors, and listen to live bands. Some of the more popular festivals are: Los Maios, celebrated in May, and Magosto, celebrated in November.
The cathedral of Santiago is one of the major sites in Galicia, which is located in the plaza de Obradoiro. It is a huge 17th century baroque cathedral ith two huge towers that seem to reach to heaven inself. In the afternoon sun, the cathedral seems to glow a bright gold color whcih is caused by a buildup of a lichen over the years. The churches centerpiece is a statue of Saint Janes on top of the main altar at the front of the central nave. At the back of the statue, there is a staircase that leads up to the statue. Many pilgrims walk up the staircase to touch the statue.
Beneath the retable is a narrow passageway that leads to the crypt which is built into the foundation of the 9th century church that used to be there. The remains of the saint and his disciples are in ilver caskets there, and people go down to pay respect to him often. Back in the main part of the the church, the high vaulted inside creates a sensational feeling that is undescribable is felt. A gigantic censer hangs in front of the altar, and on holidays it scents the entire church with incense. The censer was built on such a large scale to try to cover up the horrible smell of all the pilgrims after traveling to the cathedral.
It is so heavy that eight full grown men are required to swing it. The chapels lining the walls of the church are filled with rich altars, tombs, and various works of art. The reliquary chapel, ocated off the right name just inside the cathedral contains valuable urns, and statues. The treasury contains silver, gold, and brinze crucufixes from various centeries, statues of Saint James, and jewelery. Upstairs, ther are Flemish tapestries from the 17th century and a dozen from the 19th century based on the cartoons of Goya. Finally after exiting the cathedral, you’ll find many beautiful doors, and archways.
Be sure to see the Puerta de las Platerias, a romanesque doorway, with carvings of king David and the creation of Adam and Eve. The Hostal de los Reyes Catolicos is a finely hotel furnished that would ake excellant accomidations if funds allow. It is located right on the Paza de Obradoiro, double rooms are currently around 32,000 pesetas a night during high season, and 25,000 pesetas off season, which isn’t too bad considering how expensive rooms in Paris and London are. The lobby is filled with antiques as well as some of the bedrooms.
Paintings decerate the hallways and rooms, which have all been recently refurbished. Many of the rooms have casement windows that open onto a courtyard. The courtyards of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John are a beautiful place to take a early morning walk. There are two restaurants in the hotel, one casual, one more expensive and more formal. The formal one has a mideivel look to it and has high vaulted ceilings. The living room provides a wonderful place to wait for a seat in one of the tow restaurants or a nice place to have an after dinner drink.
While there be sure to have the breakfast buffet. It includes dishes from all over as well as local favorites. A good place to end the day is on the stone bench that is in front of the Hotel, it provides a lovely view. Shopping in the old town is also a good idea for spending a day. There s no need to worry about getting lost and many international and local crafts can be found all over the area. There is a large bookstore that carries English-language books and newspapers which is a good place to start off the shopping day.
If you would like to spend a day at the beach, the Isla De Arousa is an excellant island to spend it at. It is serviced by frequent ferry service from Vilanova, and has many beautiful beaches and also excellant sportfishing. It is the largest Island in Galicia and is also the closest. Getting around Spain is fairly easy, the most expensive, but easiest way s to rent a autoemobile, there is a good network of roads going to every part of Spain starting at the Plaza Del Sol in the center of Madrid, which is also the geographic center of Spain.
If you wish to save money the bus is also another good alternative, Spain has a very good network of public bus systems that go almost anywhere you would want to go. The train is also a very good way to travel. Europe is famous for its train system and A person can get anywhere he or she wants to go by train. Spains trains are fairly comfortable and travel at reasonably fast speeds so you can get where you want to get quickly.