Effects of Metallurgy On Human History
This moon mental discovery led to all the technology h unmans have ever add and ultimately shaped all aspects of our lives, including science, economy my, architecture, and war. The use Of Bronze made many civilizations rich by supplying trade w says, and even when Bronze became obsolete, it was because of the knowledge of how to w Ark Bronze that led our species to learning how to manipulate the arguably most important mate Arial known as Iron.
Iron led to all the navigational tools we used to discover the New World, and a Iso led to major industrial and agricultural tools such as plows and the infamous steel mills in the Industrial Revolution, shaping our modern world. The shift from stone carved tools of the primitive humans to copper and born zee tools was monumental. When this shift occurred, the era that dawned around 3500 BC would later be known as the Bronze Age and it was the first marker for the rise of large, com peel civilizations.
The Ancients originally did not discriminate between copper and bronze, but as they continued to make these early metal tools, they came to realize that the bronze ones, we re for some reason far stronger and more efficient than copper tools ” Pure copper and bronze, an alloy of copper and tin, were used indiscriminately at first; this early period is sometimes called the Copper Age” (Bronze Age) . This knowledge was spread throughout Eurasia and Africa thanks to rising civilizations in Asia and the Mediterranean.
Groups of people such as the Greg eke, Chinese, and Egyptians became very wealthy thanks to the production of these tools, and t he creation of trade routes they could make a profit from it. In the Columbia Electronic Encyclopedic IA, the reference “Bronze Age” mentions how this era allowed civilizations to take better advent age of the surrounding and clear out large wooded areas for civilizations to flourish ” humans were able to exploit efficiently the temperate forests” (Iron Age) The Bronze Age led to the very earliest of navigation tools.
In Ancient Greece, the production of bronze tools with more than 50 dials were very early astrolabes created by the ancient astronomers. These navigational tools were remarkably advanced, and could do the four basic math functions to help Nava iGATE and locate stars (Scholastic News Edition 5/6). Another major effect of bronze and metal I n general was the creation of the technique of casting metal. Casting metal differed from forging g because casting involved making a clay cast around a wax object and then pouring the molten metal into the cast ” Molten bronze was poured into the mold, melting and replacing the wax” (Cur ray, 35) .
This process was so important because a very similar technique was later copied b y the Europeans during the Industrial revolution and is still used today to create large precise metal Structures such as steel bars and supports. While bronze was inferior in many ways to the e metals that would soon be its successor, bronze did manage to completely jump start human civic location and led us to the discovery of altering the much more useful metal known as iron. As the Bronze Age neared its end at around 800 BC, humans were looking to I prove tools even further.
This resulted in the discovery of Iron metallurgy. This time marked the beginning of the Iron Age which extends until the present day. The Iron Age w as the beginning of modern technology and uses of metal. With the introduction of iron in the ancient world, Effects Of Metallurgy On Human technology made a huge jump. Iron could be used to make a more durable an d flexible weapon, and also was more abundant in Europe. This led to the major leap forward in agricultural technology. Plows could be made out iron and attached to cows and other lard GE animals to sow fields ”
Goddard plows and wheeled vehicles acquired a new importance and change d the agricultural patterns”. (Iron Age). This led to an increase in population support, which in turn led to more citizens with time to discover and invent new sciences and technology y. Iron also allowed things like the compass to be built. In China, the very first compasses were m add using lodestones, or iron ore, and they had dials made of bronze (Anderson, 25). If t here was no knowledge about iron or bronze, then we would be lacking both compasses a ND astrolabes, and we would have never been able to navigate on the seas.
Forging iron proved t o be the most useful technology we had developed in the Ancient world. Iron could be used for everything from eating utensils, to cheap wheels, which would revolutionize both travel a ND war, by allowing people to make chariots and carriages. Another feat iron allowed WA s massive deforestation for a growing empire. Iron axes were far cheaper and more dour able, so a group of men could cut down dozens of trees a day,allowing a lot faster collecting of m trials.
While bronze certainly served its purpose as a jump starter for human civilizations, t was not nearly as useful as iron was when it came to advancing the tech oenology of humans. While iron and bronze certainly were the driving forces behind technology, the eye also were being utilized by many other aspects of society. One of these aspects is an economy and trade. After the Bronze Age had been around for a couple hundred years, ma NY large and centralized civilizations were forming, such as Rome and China. Like modern day countries, these empires needed a currency for trading and for their citizens to support themselves.
In Rome, for example, the Romans used a currency entirely based off of metal c ions. These metal coins are key fragments of history, because of a handful of reasons. The coins from Rome have either dates or important relevant events from that time period imprinted on them, also depending on the material the coin was made out of, and how it was made he Piped show the available technology and available metals at the time when they are found on a given archaeological site, they can help to date buildings and other ruins” (Kaplan, 5 4) .
The time these coins came from are crucial because they can continue to alter history by tithe ere depicting crucial events we never knew of, and they can help us date ruins they were found in or near so we can get a better grasp of our own histories. All of this information helps us further understand the story of the economic system that evolved into the one we have today. With a common metal currency in the ancient world, commerce was booming .
Silk and spices were getting shipped from Asia and India to Rome, while Africa was tar ding ivory and gold for salt (Bentley Ziegler, 488). With all of the trading going on in this time period, competition arose. This is relevant because competition normally led to battle s and war, which was monumentally impacted by both bronze and iron weaponry used through hoot them. With the introduction of bronze, the first swords were made by Middle Easterners and Cells. These long knives were made for personal battles and were adopted by nearly every Inca .NET civilization. His caused the need for armor. Armor was built to counteract swords and for CE the creators of the swords to come up with new innovative weapons to pierce or get around the armor. This conflict is clearly shown with the creation of the Lubberly, which was a Viking s word designed to pierce through the southern Europeans chainman armor. With the introduction n of swords and armor, large battles between enemy nations could take place. While these lard GE battles went on, new things were invented when the Iron Age came along, such as chariots.
The sees chariots gave the warrior all the speed and mobility of a cavalry unit and the stability of a gar mounded archer. These large battles eventually were seen throughout Europe and Sais’s history sees, such as the Crusades in the Middle East and the conquests of Genesis Khan. However, m teals didn’t only affect land wars, but they also greatly affected naval battles as well. In 2011 , a group of archaeologists excavated the wreckage Of a Roman warship from the battle WI the Cartage over trading. Within the wreckage, they salvaged a huge bronze ram positioned on the bow of the boat.