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Aulos In Ancient Greece Essay

The Aulos was found during the Neolithic Period in ancient Greece. The Neolithic Period was from 6800 to 3200 BC. During this period pottery and animals were introduced to the people in Ancient Greece. The main things that happened in the Neolithic Period were climate stabilization and settlements. The economy was getting settled because people started farming and stock rearing. They domesticated the goat and sheep, new plants and crops were grown. The people in the Neolithic period were simple rather than complex. Houses were made out of stone foundation and clay roofs. The Aulos was played in a city called Thebes.

This was a city in central Greece. This city was found in the Classical period, this city participated in the Persian war soon after this was the most powerful city in ancient Greece. This city was founded by kadmos in mythology. The Theban army ended Sparta’s power. Thebes was also important in the Mycenaean Bronze Age. The Classical Period had a lot of wars and conflicts. The Classical period lasted 200 years; this period had a powerful influence on the Roman Empire. The Classical period also influenced politics, scientific theories, theatre, and philosophy. The Peloponnesian war also happened during the Classical period.

This war was between Athens and Sparta. The Classical Period was a democracy. Pericles was the leader of Ancient Greece; he was re-elected 29 times and built walls around Athens. Pericles had The Parthenon built to replace the Acropolis the Persians destroyed. Pericles wanted all citizens of Athens to be qualified for government jobs so he made that happen. There were these lonian city-states called The Delian League. The Persians would attack them at any moment, at that time the Persians were very powerful. In 480 the Persians raided Athens and robbed the temple at the top of the Acropolis.

A lot of people played the Aulos during the Mycenaean Bronze Age this period was dedicated to King Agamemnon; he led the Greeks in the Trojan War. This period had a lot of engineering. During the Mycenaean gold, ivory, copper, and glass. Ever since the Mycenaeans came into power trade increased between states. After the Mycenaeans were successful they entered this period called the dark ages. The Cycladic age was split into three phases. The first period the houses were built on low hills to prevent flooding and invading enemies. During the second period invasions from enemies forced the residents inside.

Houses were built near each other for extra protection. In the third period influence Crete was strong so settlements were seaside again which allowed trade to happen. The early Bronze Age Cyclades were made up of small islands. Most of the islands had obsidian used for cutting. In the late Bronze Age Cyclades the settlements started getting more complex and bigger. Population increased significantly. Most of the periods traded wine, perfumes, pottery, cheese, meat, sheep, and olives. The Cycladic had gold, copper, iron, silver, obsidian, emery, and marble.

The earliest people in the Cyclades cultivated barley and wheat. During the Neolithic period the pigs were domesticated. Then irrigation began in Mesopotamia. The plow was also invented during this period. Then wood was used for textiles. During the Classical period Athens had its Golden Era. The plague epidemic happened in Athens killing the leader Pericles. In 413 BCE Syracuse defeats Athens in battle. But in 403 BCE Democracy saves Athens. The death of Athens leader ends the Classical period and starts the Hellenistic period. Ancient Greece traded with Britain for Tin.

Greece traded with Asia for Copper and Gold that can be used for currency or to build their statues. Greece also traded many resources with Africa. Ancient Greece traded for Iron, Silver, and Tin because they used it for currency and built with it. In return Ancient Greece traded oil, wine, and grapes. All of these items were used to make wine and prepare good dishes. The aulos was an instrument played by the Greeks. Some people call it the kalamos. They called it the kalamos because it was a material in the instrument. Aulos were played in festivals and in Greek played during the birth of a human.

This instrument was also played at drinking parties. This instrument was made out of cane and ivory, some were made out of bronze and copper. There is three mouthpieces that give the instrument a different pitch. The earliest aulos was found in 5000 bce in the Neolithic age. The domestication of animals happened during this age, permanent settlements and agriculture. The aulos was also played in the Cycladic period. During this period Barley and wheat were cultivated and houses were built on low surfaces. The Aulos was also played in the Classical period. This was the period where there was lots of war and conflict.

There are different types of Aulos. The first one is monaulos; the monaulos is a single pipe held horizontally with no reed in it. The second Aulos is the plagiaulos; this aulos has a reed and that it was usually double reeded. The aulos was played during wrestling matches, broad jumps, disco throws, sacrifices, and dramas. Some people used when they were reading poems to crowds. To play this instrument you need to blow it really hard so they wore it with a leather strap for extra support. In ancient Greece kids learned how to play the Aulos at school so they can perform in plays.

The Aulos was paled a lot in Classical Greece then people found Aristotle’s politics and read it. It said the Athena found an Aulos but threw it out because it disfigured her face. After people read that Classical Greece said that the Aulos should be excluded from education. Plato’s republic also said the same thing but in different context. Many people mistaken the Aulos as a flute but it is not. Flutes and Recorders do not have reeds only the Aulos has a read. The Aulos is not a modern instrument. The Aulos is kind of like an oboe. The Aulos was a design on vases and lot of sculptures so there are ires of the Aulos.

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