Art History Questions
On the other hand 3. What were the ideas of Cubism, Futurism and Dada? Cubism An early-20th-century avian-garden art movement pioneered by Georges Braque’s and Pablo Picasso. Cubism began as an idea and then it became a style. Based on Paul C©cane’s three main ingredients: geometrically, simultaneity (multiple views) and passage – Cubism tried to describe, in visual terms, the concept of the Fourth Dimension. Futurism An artistic and social movement that originated in Italy in the early 20th century.
It emphasized and glorified themes associated with contemporary concepts of the future, including speed, technology, youth and violence, and objects such as the car, the airplane and the industrial city Dada The groundwork to abstract art and sound poetry, a starting point for performance art, a prelude to postmodernism, an influence on pop art, a celebration of anti art to be later embraced for anarchy-political uses in the sass and the movement that lay the foundation for Surrealism. 4. How is Dada related to the First World War? The beginnings of Dada correspond to the outbreak of World War l.
For many participants of Dada, the movement was a protest against the bourgeois nationalist and colonialist interests, which many Dadaists believed were the root cause of the war, and against the cultural and intellectual conforms¶y’?in art and more broadly in society?that corresponded to the war. So.. Dada was a reaction to the horror of the war and the members was anti-everything that had to do with the war. 5. What is the connection between Dada and Surrealism, what are similarities or differences – are there art pieces or ideas that can be attributed to either one?
The connection is Andre Breton, he broke with DADA in 1 924 to create Surrealism: Surrealism is more constructive, with a meaningful strategy in order to sabotage modern life: logic is sterile Similarities: Both a movement Both proceed with symbolic meaning of FREUD (psychiatrist) and pugnacious: fusion of dream and reality. Both mock bourgeois values; protest against capitalist society Differences: Surrealism more constructive and with a strategy; puts women on a…. Artifices: 6.
What is the difference of Post-modern & Modern art. Modernism was based on using rational, logical means to gain knowledge while postmodernism denied the application of logical thinking. Rather, the thinking during the postmodern era was based on unscientific, irrational thought process, as a reaction to modernism. Post modernism also gives more reaction to other movements in art , rather than modernism that cusses more on creating something completely new. 7. After the Second World War a lot changed in the arts and the view of art.
Explain how it changed and explain what the ideas were behind the new big movement and what was the difference with the movements before the war. Because of the war a lot of artists moved to America , shifting the two big artistic movements to America. The formal cystic rational purist abstract trend represented by De still and b gauss. And the anti rational emotional expressive trend by surrealists such as Ernst, Dali and Andre Breton. Both these movements were embraced by the American artists taking elements among other of course ) from both movements creating abstract expressionism 8.
Illustrate how the African art influenced cubism. During the early 19005, the aesthetics of traditional African sculpture became a powerful influence among European artists who formed an avian-garden in the development of modern art. In France, Henry Matisse, Pablo Picasso, and their School of Paris friends blended the highly stylized treatment of the human figure in African sculptures with painting styles derived from the post- Impressionist works of C©Zane and Gauguin.
The resulting pictorial flatness, vivid color palette, and fragmented Cubist shapes helped to define early modernism. While these artists knew nothing of the original meaning and function of the West and Central African sculptures they encountered, they instantly recognized the spiritual aspect of the composition and adapted these qualities to their own efforts to move beyond the naturalism that had defined Western art since the Renaissance. 9. Bruce Unman was a prominent figure in Post-modernist art.
What was the positive consequence of “true art” in his opinion? By using the mediums of mass culture (neon-signs) and of display (he originally hung the sign in his storefront studio), Unman sought to bring questions normally considered only by the high culture elite, such as the role and function of art and the artist in society, to a wider audience. While early European modernists, such as Picasso, had borrowed widely from popular culture, they rarely displayed their work in the sites of popular culture.
C]The official answer to this question is:њ- A counterculture (underground) of young people developed in the sixties/seventies, who went looking for oriental philosophies and mystics, psychedelic experience, physical liberation and detachment of the industrial society. C]- This is being called by the music of Glass, who combines influences of Indian/Asian music with electronic/psychoacoustic effects. Also, the performances of Glass lead to a collective experience of the artist and the public, just as during a ‘happening ( a new phenomenon Of art at that time).
It was about the minimal music of Philip Glass (linked to minimal art) and then they asked: Apparently Philip Glass’ music connects to the typical time spirit of late sixties, early seventies. Link his music to the sixties/seventies time spirit. C]The official answer to this question is:0- A counterculture (underground) of young people plopped in the sixties/seventies, who went looking for oriental philosophies and mystics, psychedelic experience, physical liberation and detachment of the industrial society. D- This is being called by the music of Glass, who combines influences of Indian/Asian music with electronic/psychoacoustic effects.
Also, the performances of Glass lead to a collective experience of the artist and the public, just as during a ‘happening ( a new phenomenon of art at that time). A counterculture (underground) of young people developed in the sixties/seventies, who went looking for oriental philosophies and mystics, psychedelic experience, physical liberation and detachment of the industrial society. Minimal art fits in this view. 12. What does the statement mean that it is “increasingly difficult to rely upon such terms as modernism’ and ‘post-modernism’ to provide universally comprehensible meanings when trying to interpret the art of the present”?
Give examples of how a narrative of universalism is constructed in the book. 13. How did Fraud’s theories (I. E. The basic instinct of man) and the rising feeling of anarchism among the people (independence of mind, freedom of action and experience for it’s own sake) become visible in the beginning of he 20th century? 14. What are the early examples of the “denationalization” of the art object? 15. Connect Marcel Decamp with conceptual art? The French artist Marcel Decamp paved the way for the conceptualizes, providing them with examples of prototypically conceptual works the readmes, for instance.
The most famous of Duchess’s readmes was Fountain (1917) Duchess’s relevance and theoretical importance for future “conceptualizes” was later acknowledged by US artist Joseph South in his 1969 essay, “Art after Philosophy,” when he wrote: “All art (after Decamp) is conceptual (in nature) because art only exists conceptually”. 6. To what extent did African and Oceanic sculpture have an effect on the art of the early 20th century in Europe? As inspiration: they supposed to be primitive, expressive, naive and symbolic. The paintings contain narrative structures 17.
What influence did chromatography have on painting? It allowed artists to study the motion Of the photographed Object (person, horse etc) / We can see that In Marcel Duchess’s Nude Descending a staircase, and futurists paintings 18. We know that the African culture played a lot in the construction of cubism,and all the influence that it had at the time. However, the orientations lugubrious new aesthetics in occident between 1890 and 1920 and after. Howdy we see these influences in art, from Matisse to Yves Klein, Frank Lithograph, Coco Channel, modern and post-modern architecture, etc…? 19.
What are the differences and similarities in the relation between arrowroot’s- viewer in Abstract expressionism, Conceptual Art and Pop Art? 20. Which different aspects of life and culture could be taken into consideration when analyzing the reactions and effects of Marcel Duchess’s Fountain, at the time and today? Marcher’ Decamps idea of art was quite controversial at the time. Taking something as ordinary as a public urinal and calling it art has seemed provoking at the time, and not as art, as it is not an artwork that has been worked on. Today it is seen differently cause it has an historical value for the meaning Of readmes. 1 . In 1909 the Futurist Manifesto, written by the Italian poet Fillips Martinets, was published in several newspapers. What were the main ideas of this manifesto? The Futurist Manifesto initiated an artistic philosophy (Futurism) that was a rejection of the past, and a celebration of speed, machinery, violence, youth ND industry; it was also an avocation of the modernization and cultural rejuvenation of Italy. The Manifesto was written in 1909 by the Italian poet Fillips Martinets. 22. Was Cubism predominantly an intellectual or aesthetic movement? Predominantly an aesthetic movement; focus on form but still representation 23.
What was the reason for the meddled use of colors in impressionism? 24. In which art genre could the work The pool of London’ (1906) by Andre Drain in your opinion be aligned, and explain why? ‘The Pool of London’ is an fauvism work It’s a work that belongs to fauvism. In the picture, color is used to create a harmonious consonance of the colorful surfaces, rather than using color to represent objects. Light and space are given equal value through the use of color. The fauves wanted to thereby distance themselves from the expressionists by giving their landscape paintings more ‘dour©e’ (FRR. Remembrance). Gerri Retrieved Academy Basically Linguist Exam Questions 201 3 25. Who was influenced by “primitive art” and in which way? Paul Gauguin, Pablo Picasso, Emil Molded (Masks) quote “it is absolute primitivism it’s intense, often grotesque expressions of strength and life in he very simple forms. 26. Name the three types of cubism and describe them. *Analytical cubism: from representation to abstraction, examine the pictorial structure of the painting: Analyzing: separating something in new elements *Synthetic cubism: from abstraction representation, composition of objects together in one.
Sightseeing:combining elements into something. *Orphic cubism: pure painting and aesthetic pleasure,colorful dynamic compositions. Orphism: mystic religion of ancient Greece, ritual and moral purification 27. Where did Picasso get his inspiration for ‘Mademoiselles Davidson? Spanish art, Iberian sculpture, he work is believed by critics to be influenced by African tribal masks and the art of Oceania although Picasso denied the connection; many art historians remain skeptical about his denials. 28. Who are the key figures of the Fauves?
Matisse and Sandusky 29. Explain Sandusky relation with color. *expressive value of color as a combination of subjective inner truth and objective formal quality *color and form have an inner necessity 30. What was the goal of DADA? *protest against capitalist society *Radicalism arts role in society *A parody of established values: criticism of modernity Anti-art, irrational, disruptive ideology *A protest against causes WWW : the war was a result of the barbarisms in bourgeois society, these social forces must be undermine 31 .
Why did DADA break up their movement? In 1 921 and 1922, controversy and disagreement broke out among its members, and the movement split into factions. 32. Cubism and Futurism can be distinguished in many ways, explain three ways in which these two artistic movements can be separated? 1. Futurists more ideological Dan cubism 2. Futurists more theoretical than cubism 3. Futurists more beyond the lays of painting, beyond the formal quest 4. Futurists : the dynamic shapes and movement of modern life 33. What is the difference between analytical and synthetic cubism?
Analytic Cubism: from representation to abstraction, synthetic cubism from abstraction to representation 34. How did the Dadaist movement start and where? IT started in 191 6 in Zurich Switzerland. Founder Kurt Schweitzer; cabaret Voltaire, poetry and theatre 35. Explain reasons and preconditions, which affected occurrence of new looking in Art at the beginning of the twentieth century; make an example of the influence of the First World War on Art movement? 36. Explain the meaning of the term Constructivism in order to describe changes in architecture of the first part of twentieth century.
With the Russian Revolution (1917) and communism a new art form the new communist society was unnecessary. They wanted to revolutionize society through: *art of the future: based upon a model of labor and production *utopian ambition *dissolution of art and life: articulated for all people 37. Explain the meaning of the term Dada and how it related to Surrealism, use an example of the each movement in your answer. Dada was anarchistic, nihilistic and disruptive. The name Dada is a nonsense / bobtail word, means nothing so was well suited to Dad’s wholly negative nature: the true Dadaist is against DADA. 8. Explain the connection between Mimes van deer Rose’s family house (1931) and Lee Couriers’ Villa Savoy (1928-30). Both exploited to the full the possibilities offered by skeleton contraction for a spatially free and open architecturally 825 2nd column 39. Explain John Hartsfield’ use of photometer. Heartfelt combined real photographs and these were stronger then hand drawn caricatures against the Nazis 40. Who was the first artist to take a cameras photograph? William Henry