Abortion is the termination of pregnancy by the removal or expulsion from the uterus of a fetus or embryo prior to viability. An abortion can occur spontaneously, in which case it is usually called a miscarriage, or it can be purposely induced. The term abortion most commonly refers to the induced abortion of a human pregnancy. Abortion, when induced in the developed world In accordance with local law, Is among the safest procedures In medicine.
However, unsafe abortions result In approximately 70,000 maternal deaths and 5 million hospital admissions per year globally. An estimated 44 million abortions are performed globally each year, with lightly under half of those performed unsafely. The Incidence of abortion has stabilized In recent years, having previously spent decades declining as access to family planning education and contraceptive services Increased. Forty percent of the world’s women have access to legal Induced abortions.
Induced abortion has a long history and has been performed by various methods, including herbal abortionists, the use of sharpened tools, physical trauma, and other traditional methods. Contemporary medicine utilizes medications and surgical procedures. The legality, prevalence, cultural and religious status of abortion vary bestially around the world. Its legality can depend on specific conditions, such as incest, rape, fetal defects, a high risk of disability, socioeconomic factors or the mother’s health being at risk.
In many parts of the world there is prominent and divisive public controversy over the moral, ethical, and legal issues of abortion. Those who are against abortion generally posit that an embryo or fetus is a human with the right to life and may equate abortion with homicide, while proponents of abortion rights emphasize a woman’s right to decide about matters concerning her own body.