Ayer Freedom And Necessity Summary

Ayer, A.J. “Freedom and Necessity” is a philosophical work that explores the concepts of free will and determinism. Ayer argues that although we may feel that we have free will, our actions are actually determined by causal factors beyond our control. He uses the example of a person who intends to shoot a target but … Read more

The Butterfly Effect In Pay It Forward Essay

In perspective, every action has an equally strong reaction. An individual assists another individual, who then aids and influences another person, thus creating a chain reaction. Without doubt, everyone would like to see the butterfly effect play out in society; however, not many individuals are up for the challenge. Not a lot of people think … Read more