Whether to permit euthanasia is among the most argumentative legal and public policy questions in America today. The argument comes down to whether a patient has the legal right to ask their doctor to help them die when the end of life is near and the suffering is severe. I believe that if a person is terminally ill, and is in immense amounts of pain, that it is their legal right, to end their life prematurely, with their doctors assistance. The word euthanasia originated from the Greek language: eu means good and thanatos means death (Article, Euthanasia).
The meaning of the word is the intentional termination of life by another at the explicit request of the person who dies. (Article, Euthanasia). When people hear the word euthanasia they usually think its meaning is either the termination of life at the patients request, or as the Nazi extermination program of murder. Passive euthanasia is the acceleration of death for a person by removing some form of support and letting nature take its course. An example of passive euthanasia is the removal of life support, (a respirator) and therefore allowing a person to die.
This procedure is performed on people with massive brain damage who are in a coma and cannot possibly regain consciousness. Active Euthanasia is where a person asks a doctor to directly assist them in dying. These patients are usually terminally ill, and suffering tremendously, and they want a quick, painless exit from life. A famous promoter of this is Dr. Jack Kevorkian, a Michigan physician. He claims to have assisted in more than 130 suicides. His method is to inject a controlled substance into a patient, therefore causing death.
Physician Assisted Suicide, or voluntary passive euthanasia, is where a physician supplies the resources for committing suicide to a person, so that they can terminate their own life. The physician will usually give a prescription for a lethal dose of sleeping pills, or a supply of carbon monoxide gas. Dr. Kevorkian has also used this method, he provides a f In 1992, the Journal of the American Medical Association printed an anonymous article entitled Its Over Debbie.
The article describes how the author administered a lethal injection to a terminally ill cancer patient, whom he had never met. Since it was anonymous, we dont know if it was a true story, or if it was fabricated to open the peoples eyes to what euthanasia is. e the first state in the United States to legalize euthanasia. Many states, including Arizona, California, Michigan, and Rhode Island, have introduced bills to legalize euthanasia, but so far none have passed. The Netherlands has the most liberal euthanasia guidelines of anywhere that it is legal.
The following are the guidelines that must be followed: the patient must make the request voluntarily and not under the pressure from others. Requests will not be excepted if made on impulse or if based on depression. Also the patient must be experiencing a pain that is considered unbearable. There must also be a second opinion by another physician. And lastly a report must be written describing the patients history, and why the decision was made. A number of religious organizations have issued statements on euthanasia declaring where they stand on the issue.
Official church policies usually oppose euthanasia. Conservative religious groups tend to be vocal in their opposition to euthanasia. The Roman Catholic Church is strongly against the legalization euthanasia. Liberal religious groups like, Methodists, Presbyterians, and Quakers, tend to lean in favor of the individuals right to choose. Conservative religious groups say that euthanasia violates a persons natural desire to live, and also that life is a gift from God, and only God should be allowed to end that life.
They also say that God will not give a person anything that they cannot handle, and that suffering is a punishment for ones sins. Recently Keith G. Wilson, PhD, from The Rehabilitation Centre, Ottawa, Canada surveyed 70 terminally ill cancer patients. 73% of the patients said that euthanasia should be legalized because of the pain and their right to chose. 58% said that in the near future they would, most likely, want to make a request for an accelerated death. They felt more hopelessness and they had more desire to die.
Cancer Weekly) Euthanasia is only to be used with people that have no hope, and no desire to live anymore, it is both physical and mental. Euthanasia would be used for a person who just simply wants to die with dignity before they become very sick. The people that would fall into this group are people who have the diseases Multiple Sclerosis, AIDS, Alzheimers, etc. They dont want to prolong the inevitable, and be in pain for an unknown time period. I think that a person has the freedom to choose what they do with there life.
And if that person is terminally ill, and is in so much pain that they cannot function as they did before the illness, they have the right to end their life in a dignified manor. I am not a supporter of suicide, but I do not think that euthanasia is a form of suicide. It is a way to die without suffering. Not just anyone is able to die by euthanasia, there are strict guidelines that must be followed, and only those that fit the description are allowed to follow through with it. Again it is by the patients free will to choose this way to end their life, and no one elses!