Home » Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” Analysis

Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” Analysis

Jonathan Swifts “Gullivers Travels” tells the story of Lemuel Gulliver, a ships surgeon who has a number of rather incredible adventures, comprising four sections. ” In Book I, his ship is blown off course and Gulliver is shipwrecked. In spite of his dilemma, Gulliver is at first impressed by the intelligence and modern abilities of the Lilliputians. In Chapter II, the Emperor of Lilliput arrives to take a look at the “giant,” and Gulliver is equally impressed by the Emperor and his countries.

They are elegant and richly dressed, and the Emperor attempts to speak to Gulliver civilly although they are unable to understand one another. His Imperial Majesty spoke often to me, and I returned answer, but neither of us could understand a syllable. It is in this chapter that Gulliver first asks to be freed and is refused by the Lilliuts. As Chapter III opens, Gulliver and his captors have become great friends. Anyone desiring a high position at court is required to jump up and down on a tightrope stretched six inches above the floor (and remember Lilliputians are only six inches high).

Only those who are able to do it win the office, and anyone wishing to remain in office may be asked to do it again. If he fails, hes out the door, and a successful rope-dancer takes his place. Gulliver remarks that it would seem that noble birth or a fine educational background would seem to be better predictors of ones ability to govern than dancing on a rope, but the Lilliputians find no sense in that. A similar “trial” requires office-seekers to jump over or crawl under a stick, sort of a combination vault and limbo exercise.

The Emperor, who holds the stick, raises or lowers the stick suddenly and without warning, so the performer is obliged to change tactics midstream. Winners receive a snippet of colored thread, which they wear on their clothing with great pride. Gulliver delights the Emperor by inventing some new forms of entertainment, also; one involves making the calvary perform military maneuvers on the drum-taut surface of his handkerchief, stretched above the ground, but when a rider is thrown, Gulliver stops the game. At the end of this chapter, Gulliver is freed after agreeing to nine silly conditions.

The first thing Gulliver does in Chapter IV is visit the capital city, Mildendo. Again, he is tremendously impressed by the Lilliputians technological and organizational skill, as evidenced by the beauty of their city. Now that he is an “insider”, Gulliver is told of the political problems besetting the country, both from the inside and from the outside. The domestic problem is an intense feud between people who wear low heels (such as the Emperor) and people who wear high heels, whom the Emperor would like to see out of power.

Unfortunately, however, the Emperors son has a fancy for high heels himself, but his fear of his father causes him to wear a low-heeled shoe on one foot and a high-heeled shoe on the other; this is why he limps. Lilliput is also under threat of invasion from a neighboring country, Blefuscu; the nature of their aggression seems to be religious. Apparently the current Emperors grandfather initiated a new religion which demanded that believers break their eggs on the smaller end. Many Lilliputians refused to do so, as since time immemorial their creed had been to break their eggs on the larger end, and they insisted on their right to do so.

This caused them to emigrate to Blefuscu, and now that country, bolstered by its new angry citizens, is planning an invasion against Lilliput. Gulliver in Brobdingnag Part Two Gullivers next voyage was to Brobdingnag. It was very unexpected there was a great storm a Gulliver was left on the seashore. Scared and confounded as I was, I could not forbear going on with these reflections, when one of the reapers approaching within ten yards of the ridge where I lay, made me apprehend that with the next step I should be squashed to death under his foot, or cut in two with his reaping-hook.

Pg 99 He was found by a Brobdingnag native, the creature brought Gulliver to a near by farmers house. There the creatures were the Brobdingnags were about sixty feet tale. The farmers family was very good in nature; the women made bed far from the floor in fear of the rats. The daughter named Gulliver Grildrig, which means manikin. Gulliver is sent to court to be bought from the farmer his so-called master. The Queen actually buys Captain Gulliver to present him to the king. Gulliver trys to tell her that he is a gifted man with a very high education.

I fell on my knees, and begged the honour of kissing her imperial foot; but this gracious princess held me out of her little finger towards me (after I was set on a table) which embarced in both my arms, and put the tip of it with utmost respect to my lip. Pg 114 She asks him a couple of general questions about were was he from and his travels. Then his master sold him to the Queen. Guliver is treated with the utmost respect, but during that time he is slave. This very adventurous part of the book because hummungs people pick Gulliver then sold then and then he fights with the Queen magestys daurf.

He is always at their mercy just like he was at Lilliputs mercy at the beging. Gulliver sees why he dislikes this country it is because he loves his own country so much. Even though he is loved by everyone here at Brobdingnag, he wants home because he belongs there. The King and Queen dont see that they to get a women that his own size, but Gulliver rather die than stay here for the rest of life. He tries to plied with the king but he is turned down he was in that horrible country for no the third year running.

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Home » Jonathan Swift’s “Gulliver’s Travels” Analysis

Jonathan Swift’s Gullivers Travels Analysis

In Jonathan Swift’s Gulliver’s Travels, Swift uses satire to tell a tale of Gulliver going on voyages in strange lands and meeting a variety of different characters. Jonathan Swift’s was one of the greatest satirists ever. In this book he uses satire to demonstrate English politics by using the citizens of Lilliput. Gulliver’s first adventure takes place in Lilliput. Gulliver gets shipwrecked and finds himself tied down by a considerable number of little people called Lilliputians. The Lilliputians stood only six inches high.

During this time Swift recognized that England was also small in stature but was dominant force and had a great influence in Europe. England, despite its small size, had the potential to defeat any nation that might try to conquer them. Swift relates this situation with the Lilliputians. They only stood six inches tall but had the power to take on the, “Man-Mountain”, Gulliver. The ability of the Lilliputians to capture someone ten times their size can be seen as increasing their strength as a small nation, such as England. Which in time will allow it to remain a great and powerful country.

Swift’s personal life was shown when Queen Anne represented the Lilliputian Empress. She was responsible for blocking Swift’s advancement in the Church of England because she was offended by his writing. Swift in Gulliver Travels had Gulliver urinate on the Empress’ room when it caught on fire. Gulliver’s urination on the palace offended the Lilliputians and thought that they where insignificant. Even though Gulliver’s urination intends to prevent a disaster, it also gives Gulliver the ability to control the Lilliputians in any way he likes.

Swift uses this sequence of problems to show a personal issue in his life. Swift further illustrates satire by comparing English government to Lilliput. In the early eighteenth century, the English government was under the Whig’s political party. Swift represented himself as Gulliver as being a Tory, and the Lilliputians as being power-hungry Whigs. In Lilliput the High-Heels represented the Tories and the Low-Heels represented the Whigs. George I favored the Whigs, so the Lilliputian emperor favored the Low-Heals.

But the Prince of Whales favored both parties, and thus the Lilliputian heir to the throne wore one High-Heel and one Low. When Gulliver started learning about the Lilliputians government he noticed that their government officials were chosen by rope dancing. To Gulliver and the reader these practices seem ridiculous and idiotic, but to the Lilliputians they see these practices as normal. Swift uses this scene to satire the British government at this time. The British government also elected their ministers in a same foolish manner.

Throughout the book Gulliver’s Travels, Swift used satire to demonstrate British politics by using the Lilliputians as a tool to mock and at the same time educate England and its politics. Through Gulliver’s eyes, Swift demonstrates the way British people lived in the eighteenth century. From each experience we grasp a stronger understanding of the faults of their government and people who ran them. But most importantly, Swift teaches us through satire to take a good look at ourselves, not only our government and to recognize its faults and try to improve on them.

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