Galileo was a mathematician transformed into an astronomer. He created the modern telescope based on a primitive model that originated in Amsterdam. Galileo disproved Aristotle’s fundamental principles of the universe, which had been excepted throughout the centuries as common knowledge. According to this theory, no change could ever take place in the heavens, because everything in them was made of a perfect and unalterable substance called the “quintessence.
However, in October 1604, Galileo spotted a supernova and a new star was discovered and proved to be among the fixed stars, disproving Aristotle’s theories. Galileo’s telescopes were approved by the Venetian senators to be copied and openly sold. However, Galileo was threatened when Venice disapproved of telescopes being cheaply hawked on every street corner. He fled to Florence seeking protection under Cosimo de Medici. In Florence Galileo gained many allies on his sun-centered theory of the solar system of the universe.
Between 1616 and 1624, Galileo remained content to study without publishing his findings. Galileo grew bolder due to his failing eyesight and by 1632 Galileo’s ideas had become common knowledge in Italian streets. Many authorities considered Galileo’s findings as dangerously heretical and seditious notions. Under pressure from the church, Cosimo de Medici withdrew his protection, as did Pope Urban VIII, the former Cardinal Barberini, who allowed his Cardinal Inquisitor to threaten Galileo with torture in order to exact a confession of heresy and recantation.
To the dismay of his close followers, Galileo recanted on June 22, 1633. The news was announced to his family and friends by the church bells of the Saint Marcus, followed by the town crier’s reading of the text of the recantation. Feeling betrayed, his disciples turned away from him. Thereafter until his death in 1642, Galileo remained a prisoner of the Inquisition, under house arrest, and under the watchful eye of his daughter, Virginia. Secretly, he worked at night on his scientific opus, the Discorsi.
He hid his papers inside a globe and was able to get his work to the outside world after Andrea visited him, asking of his health. After admitting that he had recanted from a fear of torture, Galileo gave the manuscript to Andrea, who in 1637 conveyed it across the Italian frontier on his way to Amsterdam, where it could be published and circulated without reprisal from the church. Galileo’s ideals came as a shock to the citizens of Italy and other nations. It is in human nature to fear the unknown. Society was dislodged out of a rut that had been traveled by for decades.
Some admired the change, while must yearned for the daily routine which had become a part of their life. A theory completely contradicting the one Italians had excepted, came as an unexpected surprise. This upset many people and ideas and notions were put in motion to dispose of this so-called seditious idea and the person behind it. I think that the community wanted a sense of security and the idea of the world being different from what they believed it was, frightened them. Knowing that the universe was not as it had been foretold meant that maybe-other aspects of their society were also untrue.
Galileo Galilei and his findings inspired the quest to America because it brought a new light to the idea that maybe the world was not as it was believed to be. All the theories and predictions could be wrong. There was still more to be discovered when it seemed as if everything had already been documented. There was still room for adventure and exploration. So the move west was ultimately going to occur, even though it was said to be disastrous, because the world was flatLast year was a very surprising year. I’m just mad that the surprising part had to be so unhappy.
My best friend that I’ve known since kindergarten moved all the way across the United States. The other side of America just so happens to be Maine. We used to always do everything together. We used to laugh together, and we even used to cry together. There was never nothing that we didn’t do. But now all that fun just seemed to drift away after she left. Her name was Elizabeth. She was one of those people that you could trust with all your life. Her mom’s family lived in Maine so that’s why they decided to move out there. The day that I found out she was moving I didn’t want to believe her.
I thought nothing like this could of ever happened. The day that they began to pack the only thing that I could see were blurs from my dripping eyes. I could smell the cardboard boxes waiting to be packed. I quenched my hands and actually felt the sweat from my nervousness. I could taste the salt drip into my mouth. That was the day that was most memorable (the unhappiest day of my life) This year I’m going to try to get back together, in my inside. I have experienced a loss last year and now I know how it feels to have someone move away.