A Short History and Summary of the Current Conditions
A Short History and Summary of the Current Conditions in Chile and Its Geographical Situation Stephanie Nectarine HUMAN 305. COW Professor Carol Corner June 13, 2013 Geography and Background Chile is a country situated on the west coast of South America, It is also known as The Republic tot Chile. The size tot Chile is 289,112 square miles with a width of less than 100 miles. It is basically a little larger than Texas, Chile is divided into three main parts, mainland and two territorial islands named Islam Salad y Gomez and Easter. Chile has an interesting history and it has seen many ups and owns in its economic development (Hudson, 1994).
A description of the history of the 20th century of Chile and its current economic and political situation is presented below. The history of the 20th century of Chile is mainly focused on its entrance to the parliamentary system and thus it saw the changes in its political situation. In the beginning of the 20th century, Chile was stable despite Of having lesser power in the hands Of presidents. During this time, congress selected the president for the country. The presidents of this century mainly includes: Germ” Irises Rearguard, Pedro Mount, Ram;n Barras Luck, and Juan Luis Sentences.
During the sass’s, there was an increasing gap between the middle class and lower class of society (Bizarre, 1987). Due to this gap, the masses were dissatisfied and they called a new leader, Arturo Alasdair Palm, who brought the system of election for the selection of president. He brought other changes as well such as compulsory primary education and separation between the church and state. After a few months’ service of Alasdair, Carols Beanie came into power and promoted public works and industry; however, he is known as a military dictator. Electoral Democracy was there during the years
Of 1931 to 1971 in Chile, After a period of uncertainty in Chile, Alasdair came into power again. Alasdair ruled Chile almost like a dictator and restored the power of Constitution of 1925. Considering the presidency elections of 1958, it is found that there were three candidates and all were from different types of people. They were conservative, Christian Democrat, and Socialist (Aquanaut, & Kennedy, 1969). Jorge Alasdair Rodriguez won the election of 1858 and maintained a stable situation in Chile Alasdair was sensible and with his ability to maintain the economic and political situation, he put a halt to the inflation in
Chile; thus, contributed in the economic development of the nation. In 1964, Free defeated Allendale again. Greg was a Christian Democrat and took control over the copper industry of Chile. In the next elections, Allendale came into power with his socialist view. Allendale was the first elected Marxist in Chile. Allendale brought new policies and changed the existing policies: such as, he finished the nationalization Of the copper firms Of the United States, nationalized banks, and sped up land distribution in the country. Leaders in Chile were against the socialists programs Of Allendale. In 1973, With the help Of the LIST. Military coup ousted Allendale (after which he committed suicide). After Allendale, Pinochle ruled until 1990. He was mainly focused on vaporization and returned the banks, factories and lands to the private owners, and put strict economic and social condition on the people of Chile (Well, 1969). Overall, it can be said that Chile saw many different leaders in the history of the 20th century and developed in many directions. Current economic and political situation of Chile is described below in the paper, The Economic Situation During the ass’s Chile saw the economic growth, but in the next decade it experienced recession.
Pinochle was the president of Chile and he put some strict economic conditions on Chilean. Looking at the current economic condition of Chile, it can be said that it is a growing and prosperous economy. The government of Chile has a played an important role in the economic development of Chile. Peso is the official currency of the country. The government has intervened many times in the financial market of Chile to control the economic situation of the nation and promoted the social spending (Loveland, 1988). According to the current economic condition, the total GAP of Chile is US. 68. Billion and its GAP growth is Inflation in the country is 4 to 5% and its main industries include copper, iron, lithium, fish processing, foodstuffs, wood and woods products, cement, textile, etc. (Thomas White International, 2013). It is already discussed above that culture and history of Chile has affected the economic development Of the country many times and its reflection can be seen in the economic system of Chile. Chile has seen both growth and recession (with the different economic treatments of its presidents) It is currently able to manage a decrease in the foreign debt and open for the reign investment.
The Current Political Situation The current political system of Chile is also stable. It is nation with multiparty. The country has three branches of executive, legislative, and judiciary. The executive branch selects the president for the country and the legislative branch has two houses named Chamber tot Deputies and Senate. The Supreme Court and other lower courts come under the judiciary system. There are many political parties involved in the Chilean Government and they are trying to maintain the social and economic condition of the country (Keller ; Klein, 2011).
Analysis and Conclusions Concluding the paper it can be said that Chile has now become an important part of the global economy with its growing industries. Due to many changes in its political atmosphere in the 20th century, Chile faced many challenges in its economic development as it saw growth as well as recession. In 1990, the democratic government was again brought into Chile A Christian democrat Eduardo Free won the election in 1993. Currently, the condition of Chile is stable. Chile is facing some challenges in its development of having some problems between the military and the government.