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The “Yellow Wallpaper”

Often times what is meant to help can hinder. Positive intentions do not always bring about desirable effects. The “Yellow Wallpaper” is an example of such an occurrence. In this short story the narrator is detained in a lonesome, drab room in an attempt to free herself of a nervous disorder. During the era in which this narrative was written such practices were considered beneficial. The narrators husband, a physician adheres to this belief and forces his wife into a treatment of solitude. Rather than heal the narrator of her psychological disorder, the treatment only contributes to its effects, driving her into a evere depression.

Under the orders of her husband, the narrator was moved to a house far from society in the country, wherein she is locked into an upstairs room. This environment serves not as an inspiration for mental health but as an element of repression. The locked door and barred windows serves to physically restrain her. “The windows are barred for little children, and there are rings and things in the walls. “(p218). Being exposed to the room’s yellow wallpaper is dreadful and fosters only negative creativity.

“The color is hideous enough, and unreliable enough, and infuriating enough, but the pattern s torturing. p224). All through the story the yellow paper acts as an antagonist causing her to become very annoyed and disturbed. There is nothing to do in the secluded room but stare at the wallpaper. The narrator tells of the haphazard pattern having no organization or symmetrical plot. Her constant examination and reflection of the wallpaper causes her much travail. “I determine for the thousandth time that I will follow that pointless Johnston 2 pattern to some sort of a conclusion. ” (p221). The treatments call for isolation was a repressive factor .

The narrator did not believe isolation would cure her disorder. Social contact and outside stimulation was her desire. “I sometimes fancy that in my condition if I had less opposition and more society and stimulus, but John says the worst thing I can do is think about my condition. (p217). She was cut off from society and forbidden from seeing her baby. It is not natural to be confined to little social contact for large amounts of time. Society provides a sundry of different sights, sounds, feelings and stimuli to its inhabitants. To go without outside contact would be living gainst natures way for man.

To fulfill her social need she invents a person she thinks she sees inside the wallpaper. “I didn’t realize for a long time what the thing was that dim sub pattern, but now I am quite sure it is a woman. “(p224). The vision of a woman is clearly an indication of the ill effects caused by prolonged isolation. Her hallucination becomes so vivid that she becomes involved with her imagined character. In a frantic action the now malfunctioning narrator began to try to free the women from behind the wallpaper’s pattern. She destroys yards of the wallpaper.

I pulled and she shook, I shook and she pulled, and before morning we had peeled off yards of that paper. “(p227) The treatment contributes to her impending mental demise She is first diagnosed with a minor nervous disorder. On her last day of treatment she is participating with hallucinations as if they are real. This obviously shows that the appointed cure only serves to fortify the minor illness. The negative qualities of the rehabilitation regimen causes her to go insane. “I am getting angry enough to do something desperate jump out of the window would be an admirable Johnston 3 exercise. ‘ (228).

Towards the end of the story, the narrator is delirious and constantly creeping around the room. Her husband goes into the room and upon seeing his wife in a deranged state creeping through the torn wallpaper falls on the floor and faints. “Now why should that man have fainted? But he did, and right across my path by the wall, so that I had to creep over him every time! “(p229). Clearly this treatment is issued with good intentions, but failes to bring about positive results. The lack of social exposure, physical repression , and ugly wallpaper causes the reatment to be very ineffective and detrimental.

The disorder which is being treated is actually strengthened to the point of a serious mental illness. Similarly in today’s society medical and psychological advice may have the same effect. Unfortunately,yellow the downfall of today’s treatment will not be seen until tomorrow. Medical technology and practice have progressed considerably since the time of the “Yellow Wallpaper”, This is not to say that today’s physicians are infallible. Perhaps some of today’s treatments are the “Yellow Wallpaper” of the future.

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Home » The “Yellow Wallpaper”

The Yellow Wallpaper

Chapters 12-14 Identifying Facts

1.Huck and Jim avoided being seen while floating down the river by camouflaging the raft with thickets and things of that sort. They would just cover themselves up with things of nature which served as a shelter and a hiding place. 2. Huck discovers three men on the wrecked steamboat Jake Packard, Jim Turner, and Bill. 3. Huck and Jim cannot escape the steamboat because there were drunk men in their way. 4.The steamboat sinks 5.Huck gets his information about dukes and kings from books.

Chapters 15-16 Identifying Facts

1. Huck and Jim’s plan to reach safe territory was to sell the raft and get on a steamboat and go to the free states. 2. When Huck rejoins Jim after they are lost in the fog Jim has been drinking and talking “wild.” 3. Jims response to Huck’s trick is frustration. He says ” how could you make a fool of ole Jim with a lie?” 4. Huck convinces the men not to search the raft by saying that his pap is on it and he has smallpox. 5.Huck and Jim know they have passed Cairo because there was no “high ground” about Cairo.

Chapters 17-18 Identifying Facts

1,After Huck forgets his name he tricks Buck into revealing it by having him spell it. 2. Emmeline Grangerford was most interested in the theme of death. 3.Huck rediscovers Jim by following a slave into the woods where Jim has been hiding. 4.Jim and Huck’s raft had been “smashed all to flinders.” 5.Huck feels responsible for Sophia’s elopement because he had fetched the book with all of the information for her secretly.

Chapters 19-20 Identifying Facts

1. Jims theory of the origin of the stars was that they were allowed to be made and the moon laid them. 2. Huck meets the duke and king because they come running at him and beg him to help them and save their livesso he does. 3.The duke and king had been doing dentistry and holding revivals before they met Huck. 4.The king dupes the people at the camp meeting by saying that he is a pirate who has been converted and needs money to catch all of the other pirates. 5.The duke arranges for them to float down the river in the daylight if they just tie up Jim and act like they had just captured him.

Chapters 21-23 Identifying Facts

1.The king and duke first plan a “first class show” including an encore. 2.Sherlourn shoots and kills Boggs. 3.The first performance of the king and duke is received horribly. Everyone except for someone sleeping leaves early. 4.The peoples response to the “Royal Nonesuch” was they tried to bring rotten eggs to throw at them. 5. Jim tells Huck that he used to beat his daughter Elizabeth until he found out she was deaf and blind.

Chapters 24-26 Identifying Facts

1.The duke dresses Jim up as a “Sick Arab” so that he doesn’t have to be tied up all day. 2. The king learns about the Wilks family from a man he comes in contact with. 3.The king worries because the gold is $415 short and then he makes a “deffesit” 4.Dr. Robison thinks the king is a fraud because he does a bad imitation of an English accent. 5.Huck is determined to steal the gold back from the duke because Mary Jane is such a sweet girl and he fells guilty.

Chapters 27-29 Identifying Facts

1.Huck hides the money in the coffin and Mary Jane comes in right after he has finished. 2.The disturbance at the funeral is caused by the dog. 3.Huck blames the niggers for stealing the duke and kings money. 4.Hines claims that the duke and king are frauds because he had told them all the information they were using. 5.Levi Bells plan for deciding who is the real Harvey and William Wilks is to have them sign their names.

Chapters 30-32 Identifying Facts

1.The duke thinks the niggers hid the money in the coffin. 2.The duke and king prospered after there escape by starting a dance school. 3.Huck sells Jim out in a letter 4.The Phelps farm is a little one-horse cotton plantation two acres with a fence surrounding them mostly bare and smooth with a log house. 5. Mrs. Phelps thinks that Huck is Tom.

Chapters 33-35 Identifying Facts

1.Tom thinks at first that Huck is his ghost coming back to haunt him. 2.Tom shocks aunt Sally by reaching over her and kissing her on the mouth. 3.Tom pretend to be Sid Sawyer 4.Tom figures out Jim is in the hut by the ash hopper because he sees a nigger man go it there with some vittles and watermelon. 5.Huck and Tom decide to dig Jim out.

Chapters 36-39 Identifying Facts

1.Huck and Tom use a pile of fox fire for a light. 2.Tom steals a pewter spoon and a brass candlestick and sits and listens for Jim snoring. 3.Aunt Sally blames Tom and Huck for stealing uncle Silas’ shirt. 4.Tom wants Jim to water the plant with his tears. 5.The warnings make the family paranoid and afraid to go to bed.

Chapters 40-43 Identifying Facts

1.The last letter makes the Phelps’s question Tom about what he’s been doing. 2.Tom gets hurt when he catches his britches on the rail and then they hear him and he gets shot in the calf of his leg. 3.Huck doesn’t sneak out to see Tom because Aunt Sally makes him feel guilty and he would be breaking her trust. 4.Aunt Polly clarifies the identities of Tom and Huck. 5.Hucks father ends up being the dead man on the houseboat.

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