Home » The Human Mosaic (12th Edition): Chapter 2 Vocab

The Human Mosaic (12th Edition): Chapter 2 Vocab

material culture
tangible, physical items produced and used by members of a specific culture group and reflective of their traditions, lifestyles, and technologies
nonmaterial culture
the wide range of tales, songs, lore, beliefs, values, and customs that pass from generation to generation as part of an oral or written tradition
Folk Culture
a small cohesive, stable, isolated, nearly self-sufficient group that is homogeneous in custom and race; characterized by a strong family or clan structure, order maintained through sanctions based in the religion or family, little division of labor other than that between the sexes, frequent and strong interpersonal relationships, and a material culture consisting mainly of a handmade goods.
popular culture
Dynamic culture based in large, heterogeneous societies permitting considerable individualism, innovation, and change; having a money-based economy, division of labor into professions, secular institutions of control, and weak interpersonal ties; and producing and consuming machine-made goods.
indigenous culture
a culture group that constitutes the original inhabitants of a territory, distinct from the dominant national culture, which is often derived from colonial occupation.
a spatial standardization that diminishes regional variety; may result from the spread of popular culture, which can diminish or destroy the uniqueness of place through cultural standardization on a national or even worldwide scale
indigenous technical knowledge (ITK)
highly localized knowledge about environmental conditions and sustainable land-use practices
folk architecture
Structures built by members of a folk society or culture in a traditional manner and style, without the assistance of professional architects or blueprints, using locally available raw materials.
convergence hypothesis
a hypothesis holding that cultural differences among places are being reduced by improved transportation and communications systems, leading to a homogenization of popular culture.
a group within society that is differentiated by its distinctive values, norms, and lifestyle
traditional, rural; the opposite of “popular”
folk geography
the study of the spatial patterns and ecology of traditional groups; a branch of cultural geography
vernacular culture region
A culture region perceived to exist by its inhabitants; based in the collective spatial perception of the population at large; bearing a generally accepted name or nickname, such as Dixie.
local consumption cultures
distinct consumption practices and preferences in food, clothing, music, and so forth formed in specific places and historical moments
consumer nationalism
a situation in which local consumers favor nationally produced goods over imported goods as part of a nationalist political agenda
the forceful appropriation of a territory by a distant state, often involving the displacement of indigenous populations to make way for colonial settlers
subsistence economies
economies in which people seek to consume only what they produce and to produce only for local consumption rather than for exchange or export
a cultivation system that features the interplanting of trees with field crops
leisure landscapes
landscapes that are planned and designed primarily for entertainment purposes, such as ski and beach resorts
amenity landscapes
landscapes that are prized for their natural and cultural aesthetic qualities by the tourism and real estate industries and their customers
characteristics of folk culture
Resistant to change
handmade goods (pre-industrial)
characteristics of pop culture
machine made
changes quickly/accepts change
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