History of the Answering Machine
Awns erring the loophole has always been optional, but right from the start of the invention of the telephone, people wanted a way to answer it when they couldn’t or didn’t wan t to. The famous inventor Thomas Edison developed the first answering machine techno logy with his invention the phonograph. Although this machine was not flawless, it gave way to new and improved answering machine technology. Validate Paulsen introduce cede his invention, the Telegraphing, around 1 900, and thus the modernly answering g machine was born.
Throughout the coming years, countless innovations and setbacks happened in the answering machine business. Recall a time when you called someone’s house and when they weren’t there you received a recorded message from the family saying, “Hello, this is the SMS residence. Sorry we aren’t here to take your call. Please leave your name and number and we’ll get back to you as soon as possible. ” That is now a thing of the past. With the invention of biochemical, people seem to have forgotten that you couldn’t send voiceless without the help Of the answering machine sitting next to the p hone.
Over a period of unneeded years the answering machine transformed into what we know it as today. We cannot jump straight into the invention of the answering machine without taking note of the technology that made it possible, sound recording. We can credit the first sound recording tech oenology to Thomas Edison who patented his invention n the phonograph on February 19, 1878 (“The History of the”, 1999). Edison, while working to improve the efficiency of the telegraph transmitter, noted that the recording g tape gave off a noise resembling spoken words when it was played back at a high speed .
This intrigued Edison as to if he could record a message. So, Edison began experiment ending tit the diaphragm of the telephone receiver by attaching a needle to it. (“The Inventions of Thomas”, 2014). The diaphragm of the telephone receiver is the thin disc that vibrates in response to sound waves to produce electric signals. Edison attached a needle to the diaphragm of the telephone receiver and reasoned that the needle could prick paper tape and record a message. These experiments led him to attach a stylus onto a tin foil cylinder, which to his sure press, played back the short message he recorded.
That message was, “Mary had a lie title 4 lamb. ” He then began improving on what he had just done. His new machine had two needles: one for recording and the other one for playback. When he spoke into o the mouthpiece of the machine, the sound vibrations of his voice would be indent De onto the cylinder by the recording needle. Thus, Edition’s cylinder phonograph was the first machine that could record and reproduce sound (“The Inventions of Thomas”, 2014). Thomas Edison offered the following use for his phonograph in the North American Review in June of 1878.
His tenth use for the phonograph was the following, “10. Connection with the telephone, so as to make that instrument an auxiliary y in the remission of permanent and invaluable records, instead of being the recipe .NET of momentary and fleeting communication” (The History of the Edison”, 1999). A. K. A. The phonograph could be used as a telephone answering machine. The major problem with the phonograph for the use of telephone recording c name from the fact that it was purely a mechanical machine and could not be cone cited directly to the telephone itself (“The History of the Telephone, 2006).
We can accredit the “modernly telephone answering machine” to the Dane Validate Paulsen who invented the Telegraphing (“1 98th First”, 2004). Vale Omar Paulsen was born on November 23, 1869 in Copenhagen, Denmark. As a child he was more interested in drawing and physics than anything else, but despite these interest, his father wanted him to become a doctor. Paulsen was enrolled at the Uneven rusty of Copenhagen to study medicine, but dropped out before finishing his degree. ( Vested, 2007).
However, after he dropped out of college, he got a job at the Copenhagen Telephone Company. While working there he had time to gratify his interest I 5 mechanics. Paulsen began experimenting with the idea of magnetized a steel were In order to make sound recordings. Though there was some research at the Tim e over the subject, nobody really knows what the origins of his ideas were (“Inventor of t he Week, 2003). “Pollen’s device, the Telegraphing, used a brass cylinder embedded with grooves, which would move along a wire attached to the grooves, like a trolley .
Two poles of an electromagnet rested against the cylinder and the magnet was en resized by a battery adjusted by a microphone recorded the varying magnetic fields pro educed by a sound onto a wire. The wrapping wire was magnetized in amounts correspond inning to the strength of the sound currents. When a recording was complete, the battery was disconnected and a telephone receiver was connected instead. The electro .NET would return to its starting point and when freed to move along the wire gaga n, the recording would be replayed” (“Inventor of the Week, 2003).
In other words, t he device recorded the varying magnetic fields produced by a sound onto a wire. The Telegraphing was patented in 1898 in Denmark and was the first practice contraption for magnetic sound recording and reproduction (“1 98th First”, 2004). At the World’s Fair in 1 900, Paulsen exhibited his Telegraphing and Austrian Me error Francis Joseph spoke into it. Josephs recording is believed to be the earliest s reviving magnetic recording (“Inventor of the Week, 2003). Paulsen later designed a new model of the Telegraphing that would answer t he telephone automatically and record a message. (“Magnetic Recording”, 2006).
Thus the modern day answering machine was born. 6 With the invention of Pollen’s Telegraphing, many others began creating the own recording devices and making improvements to his original technology. F instance, in 1927, J. A. O’Neill replaced the wire Paulsen used with a magnetic dated ribbon. Using a ribbon instead of wire would later dominate the record ding industry (“Inventor of the Week, 2003). Magnetic recording would prove to be the technology of choice for the answer ring machines, but it would take many years before the proponents of the phonon ARPA would give up the idea off phonograph based telephone recorder.
In 1 914, Thomas Edison introduced the Telemetries, a simple device to record telephone conversations using a cylinder. It was based on a similar design to t current generation of Edison Phonographs of the time, but sold in small mum beers. Soon afterwards, Edison released a much improved version called the Telephone (“A second Try”, 2006). By the 1 ass’s, there were two different attitudes among what we would today call telephone service providers, Europe versus the united States.
Over in Europe, many inventors and companies seemed enthusiastic about using telephone recorded RSI and automatic answering machines, despite there being technical problems. How ever, in the united States, AT had started excluding all forms of foreign equipment on I TTS lines. If the equipment (answering machine) wasn’t made by an approved partner of AT&T, it as considered foreign. This led to trouble for inventors like Truman Stevens who invented and panted improved automatic answering machines in the U. S. , be cause AT&T did little, if anything at all, to encourage them CA Second Try’, 2006). So some organizations began to run their own private telephone or telegraph systems. For example, in 1 926, the Columbia Company, which manufactured dedication office equipment, announced its Telecoms, an electric telephone r accorder. (“Telephone Recording Finds, 2006). AT&T started to evaluate these devices and received request from customers to use them. However, they decided not to allow ordinary consumers to install t machines on its public network. However, demand for telephone answering machine use grew and in 1 930, AT&T modified its rules.
They allowed the use of the Tell cord in conjunction with a Private Branch Exchange a small switchboard installed in office buildings. Yet the answering machine use was restricted, expensive, and unpin popular with users (“Telephone Recording Finds, 2006). Despite problems in the US. , in 1 935, Wily Mueller invented the first complete automatic answering machine. It stood three foot tall and therefore didn’t pro did much practicality. However, it did prove very popular amongst Orthodox Jews would couldn’t take calls on the Sabbath (Verna, 2012).
Europe however was moving much more rapidly in the industry. In 1 936, a SW company introduced a commercially successful answering machine called the Siphon. The Siphon recorded sound magnetically on steel tape. However, it was not a machine for the individual or home it was much too expensive. When users of the Sop hon. wanted to retrieve their messages, they dialed the machine to the central off CE and retrieved their calls using a crude form of voice recognition. Owing to its high price, the Siphon managed to only survive for a short while, but led to more refined IM provisions 8 (Verna, 2012).
Back in the United States, the first commercial answering machine was launch De in the year 1949. It was known as the Talented and recorded incoming mess ages and played them back on a magnetic wire. It was priced at about $200 and WA s unable to capture the market due to its high price (Verna, 2012). Due to inventions like the Talented, AT started looking for alternatives. They developed a technology in 1 936 that allowed customers to forward calls to a whiteboard where live operators could take calls and write down messages.
I interesting enough, AT had been developing sound recording technology since the 192 Co’s. They just didn’t like the technology because if the public could record calls easily, the e sense of privacy in communication would be lost, and business would decline (“AT& It’s Response”, 2006). In 1 958, ITT introduced its Codename business answering machine, and in 1961 offered a lowing price for small business and individuals. It sold very we II in the U. S. To independent telephone companies, which covered a lot of customers ( “Non AT&T”, 2006).
The year 1960 was a significant turn of events with the invention of the first commercially successful answering machine known as the Seafood. Invented by DRP. Kazoo Hashish’s, it was very compact and sophisticated (Verna, 2012). In 1 962, Robotics Inc. Of New York introduced the Robinsons Secretary, another inexpensive databases answering machine. In 1 963, they introduced the Recording which featured remote message retrieval (“Non AT&T”, 2006). 9 Back in Europe at this time (the mid sass’s), developments were moving more slowly and the size of the U. S. Answering machine market was bigger than Euro pep’s (“Non AT&T”, 2006).
By the 1 ass’s, inexpensive and imported telephones became popular and ma were installed in American homes. At about the same time telephones were b common cheap, so were answering machines and they were becoming more convenience NT to use due to the appearance of inexpensive microelectronics. Answering machines cost only from about $1 25600. The low costing answering machines became more CEO inimical to buy than to rent and sales of them began to grow and reached 400,000 in 1 978 (“Answering Machines in”, 2006) An example of such an inexpensive answering machine was the Phonated which was introduced in 1 971.
It was specifically designed to meet the needs home and weighed only ten pounds and held up to 20 messages on tape (Ever mar 2012). The sass’s brought the emergence of the cell phone and their built Voice feature, which in turn, brought the decline of the answering machine. On top of that, many telephone providers offered inexpensive and centralized biochemical as a standard feature in home telephone lines (Verna, 2012). Since the sass’s, the number of households with answering machines has declined about 50% in the U. S. (“The Triumph of the”, 2006).