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Essay on The Great Gatsby Metaphors

Why does Fitzgerald contrast “hard rock” with “wet marshes”? What does he mean? Fitzgerald contrast “hard rock” with “wet marshes” Fitzgerald contrasts “hard rock” and “wet marshes” by saying how everyone has their own set of beliefs. Someone’s conduct can be engrained within their head, but he doesn’t care. In the third sentence, note the metaphor and explain Fitzgerald’s choice of this particular metaphor.

Fitzgerald mentions a metaphor when he says, ‘When I came back from the East last autumn I felt that I wanted the world to be in uniform and at a sort of moral attention forever. His choice of this particular metaphor suggests how he relates the situation to a military base. Explain the two conflicting attitudes the narrator has toward Gatsby. What is the effect of this paradox? One of the conflicting attitudes the narrator has toward Gatsby is he’s rich and has capabilities to own basically anything he wishes. Another conflicting attitudes the narrator has towards Gatsby is because he is perfect and symbolizes the rich society expectations. The effect of the paradox is he hates Gatsby, but he also loves the way his character is portrayed.

Look at the last sentence. Identify the three dependent clauses. What is the effect of these three clauses, one following the other? The first dependent clause is, “Gatsby turned out all right at the end; it is what preyed on Gatsby. ” The second dependent clause is, “what foul dust floated in the wake of his dreams that temporarily closed out my interest in the abortive sorrows and short-“. The third dependent clause is, “winded elations of men. ” The effect that the three clauses show are Gatsby’s character traits.

It shows us the difference of how Gatsby turned out to be as a man. Basically this paragraph contains two pairs of contrasting ideas. Identify them. What do they have in common? One of the pair of contrasting idea is of Gatsby. The narrator hates Gatsby because of his rich life and all the luxuries he has. He doesn’t like the mansion he has all to himself. Another pair of contrasting idea is of the well-ingrained and poorly founded conduct. Both of the ideas relate to what the people believe and how Gatsby gives Nick an inspiration to become like him someday.

The Two Women on the Couch – Diction Colors Commentary – Bright Rose-Colored Space – Gleaming White – White – It represents peace when you’re passing by the hallway. There are fragilely bound windows on either sides. – The windows were seen crystal clear beside the waving grass. – The two young women were in the white colored dresses which makes it seem as if they were in a peaceful mood. Figurative Language Figure of Speech Commentary Imagery “We walked through a high hallway into a bright rose-colored space, fragilely bound into the house by French windows at either end.

The narrator sees a peaceful hallway in the house surrounded by French windows. Personification “rippled over the wine-colored rug, making a shadow on it as wind does on the sea. ” The curtains make a shadow upon the rug just as the wind makes a shadow cast onto the sea. Hyperbole “The only completely stationary object in the room was an enormous couch,” The narrator exaggerates how the couch was huge. Simile “A breeze blew through the room, blew curtains in at one end and out the other like pale flags,” The curtains flew in the room as if they were a hoisted flag.

Metaphor “They were both in white and their dresses were rippling and fluttering as if they had just been blown back in after a short flight around the house. ” Their dresses were fluttering as a a butterfly would flutter. Alliteration “twisting them up toward the frosted wedding cake of the ceiling,” The allusion is when the the t’s repeat. “Twisting them up toward,” is an example of an allusion. Onomatopoeia “Then there was a boom as Tom Buchanan shut the rear windows,” The boom was the sound of the window that Tom Buchanan closed that way the women’s dresses wouldn’t flutter. Imagery

Image Commentary “We walked through a high hallway into a bright rose-colored space, fragilely bound into the house by French windows at either end. ” The narrator describes how the hallway was a space bounded by the French windows on both sides. The hallway is portrayed as being peaceful on a summer day. “The windows were ajar and gleaming white against the fresh grass outside that seemed to grow a little way into the house. ” The narrator uses this quote to determine the setting of the place. He paints a picture for the reader to understand that the windows were “open” while using the word “ajar”.

The author makes the story seems as if he were explaining a breezy summer day. Sound Devices Sound Device Commentary Whip, snap, and boom “I must have stood for a few moments listening to the whip and snap of the curtains and the groan of a picture on the wall. Then there was a boom as Tom Buchanan shut the rear windows and the caught wind died out about the room and the curtains and rugs and the two young women ballooned slowly to the floor. ” The narrator uses onomatopoeia to express a vivid image of what happened when the curtains blew and when Tom Buchanan shut the window.

He shut it with a lot of force because he indicated it with “boom”. Syntax What is the effect of Fitzgerald’s use of these loose/cumulative sentences? Write several sentences as explanation. Fitzgerald’s use of these loose/cumulative sentences show us the figurative language he uses to indicate the setting of the place and how the two women are introduced into the story. He starts of by using detailed imagery to share with the audience that it is a peaceful environment by including the hallway how it shines as a “rose-colored space”.

His loose sentences allows him to express two thoughts into one sentence. For example, when he’s talking about the curtains that were flying because of the wind. They flew as if they were “pale flags” and then he says the curtains shadow upon the rug that was on the floor just as the wind makes a shadow onto the sea. Fitzgerald allowed himself to use loose sentences to help structure the story and organize the main plot of what was going to happen. Shift Determine where a shift in tone occurs in this passage. What/ who causes the shift?

How do diction, syntax, and sound devices change after the shift? Explain in several sentences. The shift in the tone occurs when the narrator starts to mention the two women who were on the couch as anchored balloons. In the first paragraph, the narrator was just talking about the setting of the interior and outer areas of the house using figurative language. The curtains cause the shift because since the window was open, the curtains made the room more breezy which lead the fluttering of the two women’s dresses.

Since it was breezy, Tom Buchanan comes in and shuts the window which causes the story to change from being peaceful. The diction, syntax, and sound devices change after the shift since the curtains seem to bother the peaceful setting. After Tom Buchanan showed up, the peace was gone because it no longer seemed as a breezy summer day since the wind “died out about the room”. Chapter 1 – Tom Buchanan How does Fitzgerald characterize Tom Buchanan? Since Tom Buchanan has returned from New Haven, he has become more superior than he actually is.

He believes that he has been granted the rights to disperse his aggression amongst other people. Many people have considered him obnoxious. He’s a jerk to most people and many have disliked him for his deeds. Look at how Fitzgerald uses syntax. Note the type of sentences he tends to write (simple, compound, complex, compound-complex). He uses simple constructed sentences to write. Note the length of the sentences. His style of writing sentences is lengthy. Note his use of the appositive.

There’s an apposition in all the sentences. Example:” It was a body capable of enormous leverage—a cruel body. Look at how Fitzgerald uses diction. Look up the words “supercilious” and “fractiousness. ” Supercilious: a way of behaving or looking to someone as if one thinks one if superior to the others Fractiousness: having a peevish or cranky nature; refractory or unruly Find a pattern in the diction. His choice of words characterizes Tom Buchanan as a sturdy and sort of a rich man. Tom Buchanan thinks of himself way too much though. The narrator uses phrases such as, “sturdy, straw haired man”, “Two shining, arrogant eyes”, “great pack of muscle”, and “gruff husky tenor”.

Look at how Fitzgerald selects details. What does he choose to describe? He chooses to describe Tom Buchanan’s actions and how he presents himself towards people. No wonder why people tend to dislike him because of his behavior and arrogance. Is there a certain order to his description? Yes, there is a certain order to his description because the narrator puts it in order. He explains how people think of him through his physical actions, how he presents himself to the physically, and how he behaves amongst other people.

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