Rhetorical discourse is the messages crafted to the principles of rhetoric Rhetoric is the individual practicing preparing, presenting rhetorical discourse. 2. What are the marks or characteristics of rhetorical discourse discussed in this chapter? There are six distinguishing characteristics: Planned – This takes some forethought of how to address an audience. Issues that arise during planning maybe the arguments one will present, evidence that supports ones argument, the order one will present the arguments and evidence and the resources of language that are available given the topic and type audience.
Adapted to an audience- is the rhetoric planned with some audience in mind. A rhetoric usually must make an educated guess about the audience one is addressing. Rhetorical discourse builds bond between the rhetoric views and those of the audience. Speakers, writers and designers must address the audience’s values, experiences, beliefs, and aspirations. Shaped by human motives is closely related to concern for the audience and the rhetoric addressing the audience with a goal in mind. Planning and adaptation are governed by the desire to achieve these goals.
The goals might be seeking operation, building consensus, finding compromise, forging an agreement, wishing to be understood, or simply to have the last word. Rhetoric accomplishes this by aligning their motives with that of the audience. Responsive to a situation is a response either to a situation or to a previous rhetorical statement or simply that rhetoric is crafted in response to set of circumstances, including a particular, time, location, problem, and audience. Persuasion seeking is to influence an audience to accept an idea and then act.
Persuasion is assisted by four resources: arguments, appeals, arrangements, and aesthetics. A concerned contingent issue is to address unresolved issues that do not dictate a process of weighing options when the issues facing are contingent. 5. Which three types of power are enhanced by an understanding of the art of rhetoric? Personal power provides an avenue to success and advancement by sharpening our expressive skills. Psychological power is to shape thought. Political power is the distribution of political influence is often a matter of who gets to speak. 6.
Given the definition and description of rhetoric advanced in this chapter, what might historian of rhetoric George Kennedy mean by saying that allow pages of the phone book are rhetorical than the whites pages? (Classical Rhetoric and its Christian and secular Tradition, p. 4. ) He meant that the yellow pages persuade the user in choosing a particular service using aesthetics to persuade the user to pick a particular service. The media or aesthetics that are used can be pictures, bold letters, and over the top claims that one particular service can be better than the others.
The white pages on the other hand is unattractive and is natural in tone and has no over the top aesthetics, it has no advertisement genre. It persuades the user in no particular fashion. Chapter Two Question 1. What beliefs, practices, and personal qualities characterized the Sophists? The Sophist provided services in speechwriters, teachers and professional speakers an in having excellent display of language, brilliant styles, colorful appearances and flamboyant personalities. Sophist was social iconoclasts that questioned Greek society by using paradoxes to shock their audiences in order to provoke debate and inquiry.
They were teachers of AR©et or the natural qualities off leader. The idea that qualities of a leader could be taught was a threat to the established Athenian order. They taught that by the method of dialectic or the inventing arguments for and against a proposition. They believe that there was a strong argument against anything or disco logo. Using Kaisers was a way making sure that their truths depended on careful consideration of factor surrounding an even, including time, opportunity, and circumstances.
To achieve this quality in speech was a demonstration of one’s quickness and skill in words. The Sophists were not without controversy one was that they taught for pay practices that was not accepted during and Athenians believed that the practice was unethical and subversive. Most were foreigners itinerants who traveled from city to city looking for work as teachers, entertainers and speechwriters. Athenians considered them as exotic imports, this fact that they were from outside of Hellenic world and their habit of travel created also concern.
Hellenic world was the norm of Greek cultural and Sophists believed that truth or reality is a linguistic construction rather than objective fact, in others words the world can be recreated linguistically or by whoever could speak more persuasively. Sophists view of Justice on the notion of social agreement and that public law and morality are matters of social agreements and local practice not of God or a king. Their views undermined the moral foundations of Greek Society.
Sophist were superb public figures, statesmen, politicians, diplomats, poets educators, but there negative image is I up for debate because their enemies shaped a persuasive arguments for these claims. 5. What was the right of Gregorian? Assembly. A larger number of males entered politics the access to personal success and being a public figure was no longer because of class an or influence a more about speaking skills. 10. What goal did Socrates seek through his emphasis on an-Hellenize? He actively promoted the unity of Greece and the expansion of Greek influence. 11. Who was Aspire?
Aspire was a female rhetorician of the fifth century she is known by only hand full of references. She hailed from Milieus a Greek Colony along the coast of modern day Turkey. Her knowledge of politics, speech writing can conversationalist and teacher of rhetoric are with equal. She is said to have taught many and came up with the so called Socrates method. Due to the fact that Greek society barred women from certain forums that men were entitled to, the story of Aspire being a female heterocyclic is fascinating and legendary because of the boundaries placed against women during this time.