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Computer programming

The rapid spread of computers and computer-based technologies over the past two decades has generated a need for skilled, highly trained workers to design and develop hardware and software and to make computer systems newer and more advanced ones. Computer scientist generally design computers and conduct research to improve their design or use, and develop and adapt principles for applying computers to new uses.

Computer scientist perform many of the same duties as other computer professionals throughout a normal workday, but their jobs are distinguished by the higher level of expertise and innovation they apply to complex problems and the creation or application of new technology. Computer science includes many other occupations such as computer programmers, computer engineers, data base administrators, computer support analyst and a variety of other specialized workers.

Computer programming is one of the main computer professions in the world today. Computer programmer write, test, and maintain computer programs or software. Programmers are often categorized as technicians because of the work they do. Many programmers are involved in updating, repairing, modifying and expanding existing programs. They are often grouped into two types. These two types are Applications programmers and Systems programmers. Applications programmers usually are oriented towards business, engineering, or science.

They write software to handle specific jobs within an organization such as a program used in a place of business were a lot of inventory is being taken. They may also work alone to revise existing packaged software. Systems programmers, on the other hand, maintain and control the use of computer systems software. These workers make changes in the program that determine how the network, workstations, and central processing unit of the system handles the various jobs they have to do and how they communicate with other equipment such as terminals, printers, and disk drives.

Because of their knowledge of the entire computer system, systems programmers often help applications programmers determine the source of problems that may occur with program designs. In many organizations, mainly smaller ones computer programmers are referred to as programmer analyst and are responsible for both the systems analysis and the actual programming work. Programmers in software development companies may work differently than the ones in the much smaller ones, because experts from various fields are there to aid them in their work.

Much of this type of programming is in the preparation of packaged software, which is one of the most rapidly growing things in the computer industry. Programmers generally work in offices in comfortable surroundings. Although the usually work about forty hours a week, they may work longer hours or weekends in order to meet deadlines or to fix program problems that may occur during their off hours. In Current Trends in Computer Programming: Essays and Tutorials, it is stated that “Computer programmer held about 568,000 jobs in 1996.

They are employed in almost every industry, but the largest concentration is in the computer and data processing services industry, which include the writing and selling of software. “(24; ch2 sec1) Large numbers of programmers can also be found working for firms that provide engineering, management services, and manufacturers of computer and office equipment, financial institution, insurance companies, educational institutions, and government agencies.

A growing number of computer programmers are employed on a temporary basis, by contract, or as independent consultants as companies need an experts touch with their newer programming languages or more specialized areas. Rather than hiring programmers as permanent employees and then laying them off after a job is done, employers can contract with temporary agencies and use programmer just as long as they need them. The number of self employed computer programmers has grown to more than 20,000, because of this reason many companies are able to complete a particular job without having to train anyone.

Such jobs may last anywhere from a few weeks up to a year or longer. Training and education for programmers vary a great deal, simply because of the different things they will be needed to do when they receive a job and the changes in technology. Brookshear. J. Glenn. Computer Science: An Overview states that “Bachelor’s degrees are now the most commonly required, although some companies accept programmers with only a 2-year degree or certificate. The majority of computer programmers, almost 60 percent had a bachelor’s degree or higher” (42; ch 3 para 6).

As the level of education and training required by employers continue to rise, the percentage of B. A. and B. S. degrees should increase. Most systems programmers hold a 4-year degree in computer science. Knowledge of a variety of software systems is essential. This includes being able to configure a software system to work with different types of hardware, and adapting the system to best meet the needs of a particular company. When hiring programmers, employers look for people with the necessary programming skills who can think logically and pay very close attention to detail.

This job calls of patience, persistence, and the ability to work on any system under pressure. They also are looking for programmers who are able to work in teams and interact with co-workers who are not computer literate. Beginning programmers may work alone on simple assignments after some initial instruction, or on a team with more experienced programmers. Either way, they must generally work under close supervision when doing their first few assignments. Computer programmers who worked full time in 1996 were averaging a salary of about $40,100 a year.

Beirmann, Alan W. Great Ideas in Computer Science: A Gentle Introduction (55;ch 4 para 3). He says “The top ten percent of computer programmers in 1996 will earned more than $65, 000 a year and the middle fifty- percent averaged anywhere from $30,000 and 50,000. With most privately owned companies, starting salaries for graduates with a bachelor’s degree averaged about $35,167 a year according to the National Association of Colleges and Employers. ” A survey of workplaces in 160 areas reported that beginning programmers had annual earnings of about $27,000 in 1996.

Experienced programmers with some supervisory responsibilities had annual earnings of about $40,000. Programmers holding supervisor or team leader positions in a company may earn up to $55,000, so a few years of experience can make a big difference in a programmer’s salary. In the federal government, the starting salary for programmers with a college degrees or some training experience was about $19,500 a year. When making a job choice and salary has a great deal to do with it, a federal government-programming job would not be a good choice. In Hal’s legacy: Computer programming for Years to Come.

The author states “Computer programmer employment is expected to grow faster than the average job through the year 2008. Jobs for programmers should be plentiful in almost every business that computers or computer software is needed in. ” (69; ch 5; para 2) As companies attempt to control costs and keep up with changing technology, they will always have a need for programmers to assist in their system upgrades and many other things. With the expansion of technology employers will continue to look for programmers with strong technical skills and higher education who will understand their business and its programming needs.

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Computer Programming essay

I push the button, I hear a noise, and the screen comes alive. My computer loads up and starts to process. I see the start screen for Windows 95, and I type in my password. Even though this takes time, I know that I will be able to do whatever I want to do without any trouble, without any glitches, without any questions. My computer is now easier to use and more user friendly because computer systems analysts have worked out the problems that many computer systems still have.

It appears to me that a career choice needs to contain a number of different features: One, Will this area of interest mentally stimulate me as well as challenge me; Two, Is there a way of making a living in these areas of interest; Three, Do I enjoy the different activities within this area of interest? From the first day that I started my first computer, I have grasped the concepts quickly and with ease, but the computer as well as I, will never stop growing. I have introduced myself to all topics of word processing to surfing the web.

After reviewing a number of resources, I have noticed a relatively high demand for technologically integrated hardware and software positions available with companies that wish to compete with the demand for networking. (Computer Scientists 95) This leads me to believe that future employment prospects will be high and of high quality pay within the next eight to ten years. The past, present, and future have and will see the computer. Since I have seen the computer, I have enjoyed the challenges and countless opportunities to gain in life from this machine.

From school projects to games; from the Internet to programming languages; I have and always will feel like that little kid in the candy store. A Computer Systems Analyst decides how data are collected, prepared for computers, processed, stored, and made available for users. (Computer Systems COIN 1) The main achievement as a systems analyst is to improve the efficiency or create a whole new computer system that proves to be more efficient for a contracting company. When on an assignment, the analyst must meet a deadline.

While striving for a deadline, he must create and comprehend any sources of information for the presentation. He must review the systems capabilities, workflow, and scheduling limitations (Systems Analyst 44), to determine if certain parts of the system must be modified for a new program. First, a computer programmer writes a program that he thinks will be beneficial for a certain system. He incorporates all of what he thinks is necessary. But the hard part is when the programmer runs the program. 99% of the time the program will not work, thus not creating a profit for the company. Then the analyst looks at the program.

It is now his job to get rid of all of the glitches that are present. He must go over every strand of the program until the program is perfect. When the analyst is finished chopping up the program, he must then follow a technical procedure of data collecting, much like that of a science lab. The Dictionary of Occupational Titles says he must plan and prepare technical reports, memoranda, and instructional manuals as documentation of program development. (44) When the presentation day is near, the analyst submits the proof. He must organize and relate the data to a workflow chart and many diagrams.

More often than not, an idea is always to good to be true unless the proof is there. For this new program that will go into the system, detailed operations must be laid out for the presentation. Yet, when the system hits the market, the program must be as simple as possible. A computer systems analyst must always look for the most minute points whenever a program is be reviewed. Education and Training Many people think that this is the type of a job where you must really like the concept. This is true. Many people think that you need a great prior experience to ever make it somewhere.

This is true. Many people think that you need a Bachelors degree to at least star out somewhere. This is not true. Through research it a known fact that you dont really have to go to college to ever make it. In this particular field, a college education would be helpful to impress the employer, but for a basic analyst job, the only proof really needed to go somewhere is the Quality Assurance Institute. This awards the designation Certified Quality Analyst (CQA) to those who meet education and experience requirements, pass an exam, and endorse a code of ethics. Computer Scientists 95) Linda Williams found a technical analyst at the Toledo Hospital, who went to the Total Technical Institute near Cleveland and earned his CQA. (11 -13) However, college is the best bet, and a Bachelor is the best reward to have after achieving the CQA. Employers almost always seek college graduates for analyst positions. Many however, have some prior experience. Many rookies are found in the small temporary agencies that need small help. The one who has really made it is in the business for at least 15 years.

When in a secure professional position, an analyst will always need an upgrading just a quickly as the systems themselves do. Continuous study is necessary to keep the skills up to date. Employers in the form of paid time in night classes usually offer continuing education. Hardware and software vendors might also sponsor a seminar where analysts will go to gather ideas and new products. Even colleges and universities will sponsor some of these types of events. (Computer Systems Americas 36) Systems analysts work in offices in comfortable surroundings.

They usually work about 40 hours a week – the same as other professionals and office workers. Occasionally, however, evening or weekend work may be necessary to meet deadlines according to Americas 50 fastest Growing Jobs. (36) Most of the time, an analyst will live a quite lifestyle, unlike that of a lawyer or doctor. Even he has the freedoms that those occupations dont offer. The pay might decrease, but the family time increases. Although this may sound pretty basic, it is coming to the point where the common analyst will work from the everyday setting.

In bed, at home, in the car and at the diner might all be places where an analyst might perform his work thanks to the technology available today. Even technical support can be done from a remote location largely in part to modems, laptops, electronic mail and even the Internet. (Computer Scientists 94) So as the hours per week is starting to vary because of where the work can be done, so are the earnings. The industry is growing and according to the Occupational Outlook Quarterly Chart, the industry will be the fastest growing from now until 2005.

This occupation will grow so rapidly in fact, that in 2005, the number of systems analysts will have increased by 92%. Programmers write the detailed instructions for a computer to follow. A computer programmer carefully studies the program that best suits the employer needs. They may also work for a large computer corporation developing new software and/or improving older versions of these programs. Programmers write specific programs by breaking down each step into a logical series of hours of writing programs, the programmer must follow.

After long hours of writing programs, the programmer must thoroughly testing and revising it. In 1994, the median earning for a full time computer systems analyst was about $44,000. The middle 50% earned between $34,100 and $55,000. The highest tenth of all analysts earned $69,400 where those with degrees generally earn more. (Computer Scientists 95) It is also stated in Americas 50 Fastest Growing Jobs that systems analysts working in the Northeast had the highest earnings and those working in the Midwest had the lowest earnings. 37) To imagine that this is the only job that will practically double by the year 2005 is to think that the earnings would go up too. According to the same chart, the average weekly earning is $845. This is third only to the two obvious occupations of Lawyers, and Physicians. (48) The employment outlook of the computer programming field is very good and growing fast through the year 2000. Most of the job openings for programmers will probably result from replacement needs.

The need for computer programmers will increase as business, government, schools, and scientific organizations seek new applications for computer software and improvements already in use. The computer programming field is not an easy line of work to be successful in or is it an easy one to In conclusion this job requires a lot of demands as a person such as: working late hours, writing complex programs that sometimes dont always work properly, the patience, and the time needing to be a successful computer programmer. You need to work at it never give up and you will succeed.

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