How your child learns, speaks, plays, moves and acts offers you important information about how your baby is developing. Development milestones are the P. J. E. S, physical, intellectual,emotional, social things that most baby can do by a certain age. 0-2 months Physically at 0-2 months babies can hold their head up with little help from their parents as well as being able to swiftly push themselves up when lying on their tummy. They are able to make smoother movements with their arms and legs. Intellectually they are able pay attention to the faces that are shown to them.
Your baby will begin to follow things with their eyes and they will be able to recognise people at a distance. At 2 months your baby will start to act bored (cries a lot and is very fussy) if their daily activity is the same for a number of days. As for language they are only capable of making gurgling sounds as well as coo, they will often turn their head towards any sounds they hear. Socially your baby at 2 months will begin to smile at other people and the baby will try to look for their parents as well as try to look at them.
Emotionally your baby can briefly calm themselves by bringing their hands to their mouth and start to such on their hand. 3- 4 months Socially at the stages of 3- 4 months your baby will like to play with people and they might cry and cause a fuss when the playing stops. at this age they tend to copy some movements and facial expressions for example like frowning or smiling. Emotionally your baby will start to smile spontaneously, especially at other people. If there play time stops they become upset and they will start to fuss as well as cry.
Intellectually at the stages of 3-4 months your baby should be able let you know whether they are sad or happy, your baby should respond to any ection shown to them at this age. Your baby will use their hands and eyes together; for example seeing a toy and reaching for it. Your baby should be able to follow moving objects with their eyes from side to side besides being able to recognise familiar faces and things at a distance. As for language at this age your baby should start to babble with expression and try to imitate sounds that they hear, they will cry in different ways to show their feelings such as hunger, sleepy or pain.
Physically your baby can hold their head up steadily with no support, they can push down on their legs when their feet are on a hard surface. They may be able to roll over from their tummy to their back by themselves, bring their hands to their mouth. Lastly they are able to prop their their elbows up when they are lying down on their stomach. 5-6 months Physically at the ages 5-6 months your baby will being to sit up straight with no support, while standing all their support will be on their legs and they might start to bounce because of this.
They will rock back and forth and sometimes crawl backwards before they start to move forward. At this age they will be able to roll over in both directions, front to back and back to front. intellectually at this age they will show curiosity about things ad try reach for objects that are out of their reach. They will start to pass objects to one hand to the other. As for language they will respond to sounds by making sounds. They will string vowels together when they are babbling; “ah”,”eh”,”oh”, often taking turns in making these sounds with their parents.
They will be able to respond to their own name, make sounds to show their displeasure or happiness. Lastly at this age they will begin to sat consonant sounds for example while jabbering they will use “m” and “b”. Emotionally your baby will now be able to respond to other people emotions and they will often seem happy. Socially, babies at this age enjoy seeing themselves in mirrors and become more interested in playing with others, especially their parents. They are also able to distinguish between familiar faces and strangers.
7-9 months Physically at the ages of 7-9 months your baby should now be able to crawl and stand up while holding on. They can get into a sitting position and sit without any support. They can also pull themselves up to stand. Intellectually your baby will like to look for things that you will hide for them. they like to look at something as it falls. Language wise your baby should be able to understand the word “no”. they will make a lot of different sounds such as ‘mama” and “dada”, at this age your baby will uses their fingers to point at objects. Lastly they will copy sounds and gestures they see other people doing.
Emotionally your baby will start to be afraid of strangers. Socially, at this age you baby will start to become clingy with adults they are familiar with. 10-12 months Physically at the ages of 10-12 months your baby should be able to get to a sitting position with no support as well as pull themselves up to stand, while walking they will onto the furniture this is called cruising. They are able to make very few steps without holding on to anything. They may be able to stand alone. Intellectually your baby should be exploring things in various ways, like shaking and banging.
They can find things easily look at pictures or things when it is named to them. your baby will start to use objects correctly; for example hair brush. lastly they are able to follow very simple instructions like “pick up the toy”. At this age your baby should act in response to undemanding requests, using basic gestures such as shaking their head ‘no’ or waving ‘bye”. Socially between these ages your baby should start to feel shy and nervous around strangers and will willingly give you a book when they would like to hear a story. They will offer their arms or legs to help with dressing.
Emotionally your baby will cry when their parents leave them, they will have their favourite objects as well as people. They will show fear in certain situations that they are put in. Lastly they will repeat sounds and actions to gain attention. 2 years old At the age of 2 physically your child should now be able to stand on their tip toes, kick a ball and climb onto and down from furniture with no help. They will begin to run and walk up and down stairs while holding on.
Intellectually your baby should be capable to play simple make believe games, build towers of more than 4 blocks and name items in a picture book such as cat, bird or dog. our child at this age should be able to complete sentences and rhymes in familiar books. Lastly they should be able to follow a two step instruction for example “pick up your shoes and put them in the closet. ” Emotionally at this age your child should get excited when they see other children, they play mainly alone but they should begin to involve other children in their games for example in chase games. Socially they will copy other; especially adult and other children. Moreover they will begin to show more independence with their activities.
Lastly they will show defiant behaviour, they do what they have been told not to do. 3 years old Physically your child should be able at this age to climb things well, run easily. walk up and down stairs with no support and use one foot on each step. Lastly they should have the ability to ride a three wheeled bike. Intellectually at this age your child should be showing signs that they can work with various toys that have buttons,levers and moving parts. Do a puzzles that consists with three or more pieces (no more than 5 pieces), turn the pages of a book.
At the age of 3 years old your child language should be more advanced, they should be able to understand words like “in”, “on” and “under” as well as follow instructions with 2 or more steps. At this age they should communicate well enough so that strangers tare able to understand them most of the time. Emotionally at this age they should be showing affections for friends without being prompted to do so, show concern for a crying friend. In addition they will be showing a wide range of emotions and may be upset with any big changes to their daily routine.
Socially they will tend to copy adults and their friends, take turns in games and dress themselves as well as undress themselves. 4 years old Generally, at this age children can physically hop and stand on one foot for up to 2 seconds as well as alternate feet whilst hopping. They can catch a bounced ball most of the time. Intellectually they are able to name a few colours and some numbers; they understand the idea of counting. They can remember parts of a story and understand the concept of the words ‘same’ and ‘different’.
They will start to write in capital letter and draw a person with 2 to 5 body parts. As for language they should be able to say poems from memory for example itsy bitsy spider or wheels on the bus. Emotionally at this age they would rather play with other children than by themselves. Socially they like to cooperate with other children and is more creative with make believe play. 5 years old Physically at the age of 5 years they can stand on one foot for 10 seconds or even longer, they can hop or even be able to skip. They may be able to do a somersault. In addition your child can use the toilet on her own.
Intellectually they can count ten items or more, can draw a person with at least 6 body parts maybe more. They understand the concept everyday things for example money and food. At this age your child will be speaking clearly and is easily understood, they can tell a simple story using full sentences. They can uses past tense as well. Emotionally they will want to please their friends and is sometimes demanding but is sometimes cooperative. Socially they will like to sing, dance and act more, they will show more independence for example visits their neighbours but with adult supervision.