1. What was required for an adult male to become a citizen of Athens? A Roman male? The requirements for an adult male to become a citizen of Athens was you parents had to be free-born Athenians and had to be completely educated and two years of military training. The requirements for Roman mate to become a citizen your parents were married in certain areas of Roman Empire and you parents were born a citizen. Also, you have limited rights and could own property, but not vote or public office.
2. Could women become citizens in Athens and Rome? Could slaves? Women could become citizens in Rome, but not in Athens. Slaves couldn’t become in both Roman and Athens. 3. Were all citizens equal in Athens? In Rome? Citizens in Athens and Rome were not really equal. Women didn’t have as many rights as men did. Everyone had limited rights. 4. In your opinion, which system, Athens or Rome, was more generous in granting citizenship to its people? Explain. I think that Rome was more generous in granting citizenship to its people because women have some rights. In Athens women have no rights.
Document B: 1. What is The Old Oligarch’s main idea when he says it is “the steersmen..and the shipwrights” [ship-builders] who have brought the city-state power? The Old Oligarch’s main idea when he say it is” the steersmen… and the shipwrights” [ship- builders] who have brought the city-state power by showing the rules of boating. 2. What is the significance of the fact that Athenians allowed a poor and common man to win a position in the government “by lot” [lottery]? Everyone who’s a citizen participated. They would put a check and put it on a box to choose who could be the governor or treasurer or etc. 3. Do you think this was a wise practice by the Athenians? Explain. I think that this was wise because some people may not be smart or they won’t be prepared for the role that they are given. It is fair, but it isn’t better.
Document C: 1. According to Claudius, speaking nearly 500 years later, what was the ruin of Athens? The ruins of Athens was they didn’t grant citizenship to outsiders. 2. How might Claudius argue that giving citizenship and high office to conquered Gauls would be good for Rome? Claudia might argue that giving citizenship and high office to conquered Gauls would be good for Rome, so they could befriend and ally the Romans. 3. Do you think this was a wise practice by the Romans? Explain I think this was wise choice because the more allies you have the better chance they could be willing to help you fight and win a war.
4. How could you use this document to argue that Rome had a better system of citizenship than Athens? I could use this document to argue that the Rome had a better system of citizenship that Athens because Athenians are very stingy with their citizenship. The Romans show freely citizenship probably by rewarding the people. 5. How could you use this document to argue that Athens had a better system of citizenship than Rome? I could use this document to argue that the Athens had a better system of citizenship than Rome because Athens didn’t want to their government to show weakness.
Document D: 1. What did it mean when Athenians ostracized a fellow citizen? What was the purpose? When Athenians ostracised a fellow citizen it means they didn’t either participate or threatened the stability democracy. It purpose was to protect the city from harm. 2. Do you think ostracism was a good idea? Explain. I think ostracism is a good idea because because they keep at the people who could ruin their government. If the person that was exiled from the sees someone from the Greece amy try to hurt them and sent them back as a warning. 3. How did Rome control the privileges and benefits of citizenship? Rome controlled the privileges and benefits of citizenship because they had the right to make a contract and who you get married too.
4. Do you think giving the censors the power to rank and re- rank citizens into different classes was a good idea? Explain. I think giving the giving the census the power to rank and re-rank citizens into different classes was a bad idea because not everyone was educated. The rich could have everything, but the poor barely had anything. They just learned from their family members. 5. Judging from the two passages in this document, who had the better system of citizenship, the Athenians or the Romans? Explain. Rome had a better system of citizenship because they didn’t just have any guy make decisions, they the oldest and wisest. They have seen more and have lived longer that the younger men.
Document E: 1. What percent of adult male citizens in Athens could vote in the Assembly? What percent were eligible to become members of the smaller Council of 500? About 33% of adult male citizens in Athens could vote in the Assembly. About 66% were eligible to become members of the smaller Council of 500. 2. Judging by the illustration, what generalization can you make about the attendance of Athenians citizens at Assembly meetings? Generalization I can make about the attendance of Athenians citizens at Assembly meeting in the illustration is all the people there are men who are either in their late 20s to 30s.
3. What does it mean that the Council of 500 was chosen “by lot”? Was that a good idea? It means white men older than 15 put there name on stick and put it in a container. Then someone draws sticks. This wasn’t a good idea because some people may not be as well educated as others and some people may not be prepared. 4. Assume that the scene in the drawing is accurate. Does it strengthen or weaken an argument that Athens had a better system of citizenship than Rome? Explain. It weakens the argument that Athens had a better system than Rome because you could pull someone who who is really dumb and not have a single clue of what their doing. They could bring the system citizenship down since they didn’t know what they were doing.
Document F: 1. How many served in the Roman Senate? How many could serve in the Athenian Assembly? 300 served in the Roman Senate and 500 served in the Athenian Assembly. 2. How long was the usual term of service in the Roman Senate? Members of a Roman Senate is for life. 3. Compare the class make-up of the Roman Senate and the Athenian Assembly (Doc E). What does this comparison tell you about the political power of the average citizen in each society? I could tell about the political power of the average citizen in each society that you have to be a white older male. I guess older males were wiser and have seen more in their lifetime than younger males.
4. Compare the two images in Documents E and F. In your opinion, what were the strengths and weaknesses of the membership of the Athenian Assembly and the Roman Senate? Explain. The strengths of the Athenian Assembly were that that they could could make decision as a group for the purpose of the people, but if you don’t participate you would get kicked out of the city or be killed. The strengths of the Roman Senate is they used older wiser men to make decisions because they have seen more and lived longer. A weakness of the Roman Senate is they had full power over Rome. They could probably banned someone they dislike or get them kicked out of Rome because of all the power they have. They have control and that could make them want to take over the world.
Part IV. Essay: Based on the DBQ readings, the Roots of Democracy Packet, and the class notes, which would you rather be – a citizen in ancient Athens or Rome? Why? Please write a one paragraph response; it should be include information from one of the source materials, be 5 to 7 sentences long, and free from grammar/spelling/punctuation errors. You need to add two photos at the end of your essay. A photo of government in Ancient Athens and government Ancient Rome. I would want to become a citizen in Rome because women and sons of freed slaves had some rights.
Being a girl, I believe women should have equal rights because women are necessary for men to have babies for their next heir. In Rome, women got to be free citizens, but they had limited rights. They can own land, but still have no right to vote. In Athens, women had no rights. They just stayed at home and cleaned the house. They couldn’t even sleep in the same bed as with their own husband. As said in Document A, sons of freed slaves could become citizens. There were no rights for Slaves in Athens at all. I would take some rights over having no rights at all; that’s why I would want to become a citizen in Rome.