Art History Europe
In the Catholic countries of Europe, the style which started to emerge around 1 580 and prevailed to the mid 18th century is known as Baroque. The baroque style is characterized by a return to naturalism accompanied by a theatrical presentation involving intense emotion and an expansion of scale and complexity. Art works often capture a moment in time. Paintings and sculptures break into the space of the viewer. This occurs partly in response to the demands of the Counter-Reformation, the Catholic Church’s attempt to stem the impact of the Protestant Reformation.
Catholic religious images aimed to ignite the fervor of the people for the Church and its beliefs. Some artists during this period, however, retain a more classical style. Works to identify and know in depth: Artist Title Date Percent David asses(19-7) [pick] Bernie Ecstasy of Saint Theresa ASSES(19-1, 19-8) Bernie Saint Peters, Vatican City, Rome asses(19-4, 19-5) Carving Conversion of Saint Paul asses(19-17) Artemisia Gentiles Judith Slaying Holiness asses(19-20) Velazquez Surrender of Bread asses(19-29) Velazquez Alas Meanings (The Maids of Honor) asses(19-30)
Questions to prepare for Exam 2 (as well as the 5 numbered questions on study sheet for Chi 14): Which city was the major center for artistic development in the asses? Why? Why was the Council of Trend convened? What impact did it have on Catholic art? How does the Ecstasy of Saint Theresa exemplify Baroque art in its iconography and style? Discuss the innovations Carving introduced into painting to make it look more dramatic. Why was drama desired at this time? Name an artist who was much influenced by Carving. Compare Michelangelo David to Bering’s. How does each reflect the ideas of their rides and/or patrons?
Why did Aberrant and Michelangelo design Saint Peters Basilica as a symmetrical building? Why did the Catholic Church in the asses not want a symmetrical building? What was done to change Saint Peters Basilica from Michelangelo classical building into one the Church preferred? What symbolic message does the exterior piazza convey? How does Velazquez glorify the Spanish army in Surrender at Bread? How does he show the magnanimity of the Spanish general? What victory does this painting celebrate? Definition: tenebrous: very intense contrasts of light and shade (begun by Carving)