Apartheid In Modern South Africa
Apartheid is the legal segregation of races promulgated in the Republic of South Africa. The discovery of gold and diamonds in South Africa during the 19th century, ultimately lead to racially segregated compounds for mine workers becoming the fore fathers of apartheid(Kanfer 79). By the 1920s de facto apartheid was the predominant feature of life in South Africa (79). Apartheid, fought against for many years, until now was still a main factor in South Africa life. Today apartheid approaches its final years as political supporters of anti-apartheid such as President Nelson Mandela continually fights for a multiracial South Africa.
The struggle against racial separatism, apartheid, still however continues today as there are many people supporting pro-apartheid movements. The hope for a non-apartheid South Africa, although achieved through bitter battles and political ploys, has today become a reality. The political support of the antiapartheid movement was perhaps seen greatest in 1991. Written in TIME Magazine by Greenwald, Former President F. W. de Klerk in February of 1991 opened Parliament with a pledge to legalize the militantly antiapartheid African National Congress and released A. N. C leader Nelson Mandela from jail (56).
De Klerk also showed his intentions to “bring a swift end to legally sanctioned racial segregation” (56). “He called on Parliament to repeal immediately the remaining pillars of discrimination that dictate where blacks can work and live” (56). De Klerk also asked lawmakers to discontinue the Group Areas Act which segregated black and white residential areas and the Land Acts, which prevents blacks from owning land outside of specially assigned homelands (56).
The Population Registration Act which forces South Africans to register by racial groups for political and economic purposes was phased out under de Klerks plans as the act is a major underpin for the apartheid system (56). Indeed, 1991 was the year of a great step forward for an antiapartheid South Africa. Yet another leap forward for a non-apartheid South Africa was the election of President Nelson Mandela in May 1994. Nelson Mandela, the leader of the African Nation Congress, fiercely opposes apartheid.
After the first all-race elections in April 1994, the South African population took its leap forward in electing Nelson Mandela who would further antiapartheid movements. The continuing support for apartheid can be seen in many organizations such as the neo-Nazi Afrikaner Resistance Movement. These conflicting battles for support of apartheid are not without their bloodshed in modern South Africa. On March 1994, violence rang out in South Africa about apartheid as three pro-apartheid supporters were shot by black soldiers (Lacayo 49).
These three people were indeed members of the neo-Nazi Afrikaner Resistance Movement (49). In TIME Magazine, Lacayo writes that these attempts to defend a remnant of apartheid is doomed as South Africa transforms itself into a multiracial state (49). Weeks before South Africas first all-race elections in April 1994, thousands of armed white extremists had an incurred with demonstrating residents in their demand to be allowed to vote (49). The eventual outcome of massive gun fire left as many as twelve people dead (49).
These remanents of pro-apartheid movements can be seen throughout South Africa. The political end of South Africa looks in support of antiapartheid whereas the few who dont, condone violent actions taken place against the antiapartheid supporters. Violence will plague South Africa so long as people remain racist. But help from people such as South African President Nelson Mandela and former President of South Africa F. W. de Klerk will keep South Africa on its road ahead as the ultimate goal for the multiracial, antiapartheid South Africa is within reach.