Use your review text, other history text books, and/or reliable internet sources to complete each of the five (5) outlines over U. S. History from exploration through the Civil War. Be sure that all terms are defined and specific information is added under each topic. We will use this work in class over the first several weeks of school. All of this work should be placed in a folder and turned in by the designated date. This should be typed. You will need much more space than provided below. Adjust the spacing when you type your work. Native Cultures & Early Exploration
Do you remember this topic from elementary or middle school? Brainstorm any information that you remember. In 1492 Columbus sailed the ocean blue The first people to discover the land were the nomads that traveled over the “land bridge” from Asia The Mayflower brought the first British pilgrims The Native Americans showed the pilgrims how to grow maize Pilgrims introduced the plague to Native American When/where for first arrivals? Christopher Columbus and his crew landed on the Canary Islands on October 12, 1492. List regions of North America and the Native groups living in each?
Southeast- Cherokee,Seminole, Avalanche, Catawba Chickasaws, Choctaw, Southeast, Creek, Home, Lumber, Microcode, Tamaki Mid Atlantic/Northeast- Piscataway, Lena, Footpath, Haycock, Algonquin, Iroquois, Narragansett, Animus, Pest, Pocketed, Woman Great Lakes- Chippewa, Fox, Shawnee, Huron, Kickback, Menominee, Miami, Oneida, Onondaga, Ottawa, Potawatomie, Winnebago Great Plains- Sioux, Blackest, Cheyenne, Comanche, Arapaho, Crow, Dakota, Kiowa, Madman, Usage, Pawned, Wichita California/Mountains- Opiate, Shoshone, Cahill, Chummier, Chums, Station, Dudgeon, Hap, Illusion, Maida, Pomp, Ate
Pacific Northwest- Spokane, Aleut, Autobahn’s, Chinook, Clavicle, Coos, NZ Pierce, Upset Sound Saliva, Quilted, Quintal, Taillight, Tulip stoutness t- Navajo, Apache, Puddle, HOPI, Seekers, Marlboro, Mojave, Ion o Pimp, Haiku,Yum, Gun Columbus & the Columbian exchange- The Columbian Exchange refers to the transcontinental movement of animals, foods, plants, and diseases after 1492. II. Age of Exploration (1420- 1620) What developments/changes BEFORE this time that had an impact on exploration? Political?the unification of small states into larger ones with centralized political power
Technological? compass, astrolabe, cross staff, hour glass, the Spanish galleon Religious? the Protestant Reformation as a result of The Renaissance Military? The change in the way people bayed for wars and the sudden need for a strong military was western Rupee’s response to the challenges of warfare in the new age of gunpowder weapons Economic?The rise of capitalism created a largely urban middle class committed to expanding markets. As more people looked to buy products and goods, national and international trade interests grew .
Nations/ Their explorer(s)/MaJor Reasons& Motives for Exploration/Location/Success Portugal?& Treaty of Terrestrial Ferdinand Magellan- first voyage around the world Christopher Columbus- discovered the New World; landed in Bahamas on first voyage Bartholomew Aids- lead voyage around Cape of Good Hope (southern tip of South Africa) Pedro Olivarez Cabal- first European to see Brazil The Treaty of Terrestrial was created to settle disputes between Spain and Portugal over land discovered by Columbus.
Motives: Wealth – gold, silver and spices Power Increasing opportunities for Portuguese trade spreading ten catholic Religion Spain? Christopher Columbus- financed by Spain and claimed much of the New World in the name of Spain Vases Nuke De Balboa- crossed the Isthmus of Panama and claimed the Pacific Ocean for Spain Juan Ditz De Solos- landed in Uruguay Herman Cortes- founds Vernacular in Mexico Motives: Wealth Prestige Increasing opportunities for Spanish trade Spreading the Catholic religion Building a Spanish Empire France? Jacques Carrier- landed in Newfoundland Samuel De Champlain- established Port Royal in present day Nova Scotia, founded Quebec Easier De Bienville- founded New Orleans Gold Expand French Empire To capture and sell American animals furs in France 4. England? Sir Frances Drake- circumnavigates the world Sir Walter Raleigh- The Discovery of Guiana and establishing the Virginia colony of Ranked Island Sir Humphrey Gilbert- established SST. Johns, Newfoundland Wealth (failed) Competition with Spain and France Spreading Christianity C.
Other European powers exploring the New World/Areas Claimed/Goals of Colonies Dutch- Henry Hudson was an Englishman who was sent by the Dutch; he landed in Labrador and headed south, down the coast. Colonized New Netherlands and New Amsterdam II. English Colonization in North America 1 Motives of English immigrants: escape religious prosecution economic (business investments overseas) lace to work for unemployed more political freedom 2 Types of Colonial organization Royal- owned by the King Proprietary- land grants from British Government to colonists Self-governing- set up misgovernment separate of the crown (King at any time could revoke privilege and declare the colony a Royal Colony) Thirteen English Colonies (complete chart in detail) Be able to compare/contrast.
The Thirteen English Colonies I Region I Date of Founding I Founder or People associated with Early History of Colony I Environment, Economy, and Labor of the Region; I I I Notes on the Early History of the Colony: Why it was founded, I the role of religion in these colonies I I characteristics, terms, and/or laws England Significant I I New I I Plymouth and I Plymouth – 1620 1101 colonists left England to head for the Virginia Colony in 1620. | It was very cold in the New England colonies, I I Massachusetts I Mass. Bay – 1630 | However, the Mayflower was blown off course and landed in I but this helped prevent the spread of deadly I I I present-day Cape Cod and the town they established on December 21, | diseases (although it did not stop it). The I I | 1620 was named Plymouth. Hills and rocky soil. There was I I I harsh winters killed many.
The land was Covered in Short growing season, so the natural resources I Such as fish, whales, trees, and fur became I I I the most reliable sources for survival. The I I I towns were to support the religion of the I I I Puritans, who did not tolerate other religious I I views. I I Connecticut 11636 John Winthrop, Thomas Dudley, and other non-separatist Puritans I I founded the colony. The first Governor, John Endicott, was a staunch I I Puritan who persecuted anyone with opposing views. I I Rhode Island I Roger Williams was a Protestant molester won sousing separation Trot I I the Church of England. Eventually he was tried in Salem and banished I He purchased land from the Narragansett Indians and I I founded Providence, Rhode Island. LIFO his views.